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PHG 222Dr. Tagheed A. Ibrahim
Starch Potato (low power) Potato (low power) Potato (high power) Potato (high power) Wheat (low power) Wheat (low power) Wheat (high power) Wheat (high power)
Maize (low power) Maize (low power) Maize (high power) Maize (high power) Rice (high power) Rice (high power) Rice (low power) Rice (low power)
Calcium Oxalate Styloid (Prism) in Quillaia Clusters in Rhubarb Crystal Sheath in Senna
Crystal Layer in Datura Idioblast in Belladonna
Pollen grains Hexagonal Pollen Grain in Lavender Spherical Spiny Pollen Grain in Chamomile Triangular Pollen Grain in Clove
Stomata Anisocytic Stomata in belladonna Anomocytic stomata in Digitalis
Diacytic Stomata in Mentha Paracytic Stomata in Senna
Trichomes Labiaceous Hair in Mentha Branched Glanular Hair in Hyoscyamus
Unicellular hair in Senna T-Shapped Hair in Pyrethrum Non-glandular Branched Hair in Lavender Non-glandular Collapsed Hair in Digitalis
Fibres and sclerieds Fibre in Cichona Fibre in Cinnamon Sclerieds in Galls
Chamomile: Spiny pollen grain Lavender: branched hairs, hexagonal pollen grain Clove : triangular pollen grains
Anise: branched vittae Coriander: crossed fibres Mentha: Labiaceous Hair Cinnamon: Fibre
Galls Lignin Bodies Sclerieds
Lab#2. Ca oxalate crystals Has a great importance in identification and differentiation of different plants Formed in plants to get rid of excess calcium.
Hyoscyamus herb Branched glandular hair. Datura leaf Collapsed hairCrystal layer.
6- Epidermis It occurs on the surface of plants and it is a complex tissue consisting of epidermal cells, stomata and trichomes (hairs).
251PHG Cell Content Cont. Lab(2) Cell Content Cell Content: I-Stomata II-Ca-Oxalate Crystals III-Trichomas (hair) IV-Pollen Grain Cont.
Microscopical Examination Anise: the dried fruit of Pimpinella anisum. It contains not more than 9% of total ash, nor more than 1.5% of ash insoluble.
Epidermis-II. Guard Cells in Cucumber Stomata Guard cells.
Please don't do these acts: being late I like from you all: respectful.
S1 L4 Evaluation of plant drugs 1. Botanical B. Microscopy Cell inclusions Anna Drew.
VIII- Volatile oil containing drugs. 1- Clove (Caryophylli) Origin: the dried flower buds of Syzygium aromatica, Eugenia aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllus.
Gross anatomical study of crude drugs Clove. Name : M.Vasu Babu Designation: Lecturer in pharmacy Branch: Pharmacy Institute: GPW,Guntur Year: I D.Pharm.
VOLATILE OILS Volatile or essential oils are volatile in steam. They differ entirely in both chemical and physical properties from fixed oils. They are.
Origin: the dried leaflets of Cassia acutifolia known as Alexandrian Senna, and Cassia angustifolia known as Indian Senna F. Leguminosae Morphology: leaves.
epidermis: primary dermal tissue of the shoot rhizodermis: primary dermal tissue of the root function: protection, transpiration, gas exchange,
S1 L3 Evaluation of plant drugs 1. Botanical B. Microscopy Cell types Anna Drew.
VOLATILE OILS. Volatile oils are generally mixtures of hydrocarbons and oxygenated compounds derived from these hydrocarbons. The odor and taste.
I- Drugs Containing Alkaloids. 1- Solanaceous Leaves a- Belladonna leaf (Folium Belladonnae) "Deadly nightshade" Origin: the dried leaf and flowering.
Fruits Capsicum fruits – Senna pods Pharmacogonosy II.
Volatile oil. Volatile oils different from fixed – secreted in oil cells in specialised structures ducts, gland, cell or glandular hairs – frequently.
Classification of Crude Drugs. Objectives On completion of this period, you would be able to know: Alphabetical classification Taxonomical Classification.
II- Drugs Containing Cardiac Glycosides. 1- Digitalis Leaf (Folium Digitalis) "Foxglove Leaves" Origin: the dried leaves of Digitalis purpurea F. Scrophulariaceae,
PLANT ANATOMY. The science of the structure of the organized plant body learned by dissection is called Plant Anatomy. In general, Plant Anatomy refers.
Allergens Lab#1. Definition of allergens: - The histamine then acts on a person's eyes, nose, throat, lungs, skin, or gastrointestinal tract and causes.
© T Madas. 6 cm 12 cm 10 cm Method Draw cross section Find cross - sectional area Calculate Volume A B 12 cm 6 cm 4 cm 5 cm 7 cm 10 cm A : 6 x 12 =72.
Parts of the Tree & Leaf Learning about botany. Cross Section.
Gross Anatomical study of crude Drugs Nux-vomica seed & Ipecacuanha root PH
Naming Space Figures Prisms Pyramids Cylinders Cone Sphere.
Second Chapter Plant Tissues Definition Tissue: the cell group which resource and function is same and morphology and structure is similar, moreover.
3D shapes cylinder A cylinder has 0 vertices, 0 edges and 2 faces.
Volume of Triangular Prism. Volume of a Triangular Prism Length Volume of a prism = Area x length Area of triangle = ½ x base x height.
By Mark Durand computers 8 Block A. Carbohydrates Carbs are basically sugar and starch Carbs take longer for the body to digest Should be 40% of diet.
Epidermal tissue system and its diagnostic features.
Table 2. List of anatomical characters together with their character states recorded in 13 populations of Munronia pinnata used for the present study R.M.
CRUDE DRUGS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION. S OURCES OF CRUDE DRUGS They may be obtained from vegetable, animal and mineral sources. They form the subject matter.
Pharmacobotany II. Practice 11. F.: Lamiaceae Mint family.
What will I be learning today? Knowledge Plants have many different types of specialised cell Plant cells have similar features Investigation skills Using.
Importance of food FOOD LIVING ORGANISMS PRODUCERS CONSUMERS DECOMPOSERS.
Dylan Mooney. 1. Some dairy products are milk, butter, cream, yoghurt, cheese, ice cream, custard, 2. Calcium helps to grow strong, healthy bones and.
Adulteration and Evaluation of Crude drugs. Recap In the last we have discussed about Methods of adulteration Commonly used substitutes in adulteration.
If our bodies are human machines food is our fuel. How well we eat, affects how well our bodies work, and how long we live. It is especially important.
Use the list above each map to correctly identify the crop being shown in each map.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. Mai Mohammed Al-Oqail مي محمد العقيّل Site: faculty.ksu.edu.sa/
CARBOHYDRATE NOTES. Carbohydrates Compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio Example: C 6 H 12 O 6 Examples: Sugars & Starches.
STG SHANE THE GREAT. Depending on the region where the meristematic tissues are present, they are classified as apical, lateral and intercalary meristems.
10-3 Surface Areas of Prisms Objective – Find the surface area of prisms.
Introduction Fruits. The FRUIT (Fructus ) A fruit is a result of the development of the gynaecium due to fertilization. It is a developed or ripened ovary.
By: Sam Brussel Sprouts. Carbohydrates Fats Vitamins Minerals Fibre Water Contents.
What are the reactants and products of photosynthesis? –Reactants = water, CO 2, and sunlight –Products = glucose and O 2.
6 Nutrients Carbohydrates Proteins Vitamins Minerals Fats Water.
Food and Diet Why do we need food: Energy Growth Keep body functioning properly and healthy All need food Autotrophs ( green plants) make own food Heterotrophs.
Plants in Human Culture Learning Target: Primary Plant Food Groups I Can... Describe the various plant food groups including characteristics and contribution.
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