Presentation on theme: "Started By: Lord Baltimore, Catholics Why?: Religious Freedom Year Founded: 1634 Other Info: Safe haven (place) for Catholics passed law-Act of Toleration."— Presentation transcript:
Started By: Lord Baltimore, Catholics Why?: Religious Freedom Year Founded: 1634 Other Info: Safe haven (place) for Catholics passed law-Act of Toleration to protect Catholics from Protestants and allow to worship freely
Started By: Virginia Company, Jamestown colonists Why?: Economic Reasons (gold, fish, fur) Year Founded: 1607 Other Info: first permanent English colony, grew tobacco, elected House of Burgesses in 1619
Started By: Farmers Why?: Economic Reasons Year Founded: 1660’s Other Info: tobacco farming, timber and tar
Started By: Eight Proprietors Why?: Economic Reasons Year Founded: 1670 Other Info: Grew Indigo- a plant that creates blue dye- “blue gold”
Started by: James Oglethorpe Why?: Created a safe haven for debtors and poor to start over Year Founded:1733 Other Info: Last colony to be founded. It is a buffer between the colonies and Spanish-owned Florida.
Economy Cash crops such as tobacco, cotton, indigo, and rice
Climate Hot Summers Mild Winters
Geography Fertile Soil- Great for farming
Two groups who did not believe in slavery: Puritans and Quakers Who controlled the economic and political life of the region? Large plantation owners Why? They had great wealth and more influence
Strict rules for governing the enslaved Africans were called Slave Codes. 2 examples –Could not teach slaves to read and write –Could not leave the plantation without permission –Although the majority of white Southerners were not slaveholders, slavery played a role in the economic success of the Southern colonies.
Because of the fertile soil and warm climate, most southern colonists made their living farming. Some of the most important crops in the Southern colonies were: -tobacco -rice -indigo -cotton
Some farmers began to use slaves as free labor. Large farms, or plantations, developed in the South Agriculture: farming