Presentation on theme: "The Southern Colonies. Names of the Southern Colonies Virginia Maryland North Carolina South Carolina Georgia."— Presentation transcript:
The Southern Colonies
Names of the Southern Colonies Virginia Maryland North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
Reasons for Settlement The founders of the Southern Colonies came to America seeking wealth in the form of land ownership.
Government The colonists had self- government. There was a general assembly that made laws and the English King had the final say. General assembly – The people who make, amend, or repeal laws.
Georgia Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe. It was the 13 th colony to be founded.
Why Georgia was Founded Georgia was founded for two reasons: 1. A place to send Englands poor people who were in debtor prisons. 2. As a barrier between the Spanish in Florida and South Carolina.
Jamestown, Virginia Jamestown was the first permanent English colony established in America.
Geography of the Southern Colonies Rivers Bays Wetlands Many areas with flat land and rich soil. Inland there are a lot of hills and forests.
Climate of the Southern Colonies Warm Climate Hot summers Cold winters Humid Lots of sunny days Long growing season
Natural Resources fertile soil (rich farmland) fish ocean access lumber (pine and hardwood forests) wetlands (or swamps) good coastal harbors navigable rivers
Farming & Products There were abundant crops of: Cotton Sugarcane Tobacco Rice Indigo Indigo was important because it made a deep blue dye, which was put into large vats. Cotton and wool cloth was then added to color the material.
Farming & Products The demand was great for the Southern Colonies products. Cloth and tobacco were wanted throughout Europe. They also sold to other colonies but mostly to England and other European countries. Wheat, a little fish, timber, and furs were also products of the Southern Colonies.
Jobs planters/farmers indentured servants – Work for the things they need (food, water, housing, and clothes). slaves – People who are owned and controlled by someone. artisans/craftsman – welder, glassblower, or coppersmith.