6 Southern AgricultureThe Southern Colonies’ economy was based on farming (agriculture).Tobacco and rice crops made many colonists wealthy, but also resulted in the increase of indentured servants and enslaved Africans.
7 Crops of the Colonies Virginia & Maryland North Carolina TobaccoNorth CarolinaSmall Tobacco farmsPitch: made from pine syrup, sealed shipsSouth Carolina & GeorgiaRice: learned how to grow from enslaved AfricansIndigo: a plant used to make dark blue dye
8 CitiesThere were fewer cities in the Southern Colonies than the New England, or Middle Colonies.
9 Charles TownCharles Town in South Carolina (later to be Charleston) was the biggest.Center for tradeShipping of cropsDiverse population
12 Small FarmsMost colonists were small farmers often living in the backcountry.Usually family members or one or two servants or slaves lived thereWould sometimes have a small amount of crop left to sell
13 Family Life Plantations Small Farms Little education Educated – learned to read and writeBoys learned to run a plantation.Girls learned how to manage a household.Small FarmsLittle educationChildren had to learn how to help around the home and farm at an early age.
14 Slavery First started with indentured servants, then slaves followed By 1750, most slaves were in the Southern Colonies.
15 Harsh Life Slaves were bought and sold like property. Usually were used as field workers or as a house slaveWorked morning until nightVery hard workCould be whipped and punished by the overseerMany died at an early age
17 African American Culture Slaves often bonded together like a familyMany relied on the comfort of religionOften would tell stories and sing spirituals- African-American religious folk songGullah - blend of African and English languages
19 In SummaryMost Southern Colonists lived in the backcountry on small farms.Tobacco, rice, and indigo were important crops in the Southern Colonies.The harsh system of slavery expanded as more and more plantations were started.
20 1. The economy of the Southern Colonies was based on A. agriculture.B. industry.C. rice.D. fishing.
21 2. Most of the colonists in the Southern Colonies were A. carpenters.B. plantation owners.C. overseers.D. backcountry farmers.
22 3. Which colonies grew rice and indigo as their main crops? A. Virginia and North CarolinaB. South Carolina and GeorgiaC. Maryland and VirginiaD. North Carolina and South Carolina
23 4. What was one difference between plantations and backcountry farms? A. Backcountry farms had overseers.B. Planters' children learned to read and write from their parents.C. Backcountry farms were huge.D. Farmers' children learned to read and write from their parents.
24 5. Which sentence about slaves' lives is true? A. Overseers made their lives easier.B. Many slaves lived long lives.C. Many slaves adopted Christianity.D. Private teachers taught them spirituals.