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Final Exam Jeopardy 3 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 FishAmphibiaReptiliaAvesMammalia.

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Presentation on theme: "Final Exam Jeopardy 3 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 FishAmphibiaReptiliaAvesMammalia."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Final Exam Jeopardy FishAmphibiaReptiliaAvesMammalia Final Jeopardy

3 Osteichthyes: Define lateral line, operculum, & swim bladder 2

4 Lateral line – detects vibrations in water Operculum – bony covering over gills that pumps water across gills Swim bladder – allows fish to adjust buoyancy 3

5 4 Chondrichthyes: Define denticles & Ampullae of Lorenzini

6 5 Denticles – special scales on sharks that reduce hydrodynamic drag Ampullae of Lorenzini – special sense cells that allow sharks to detect electromagnetic fields

7 6 Agnatha: Name two differences between hagfish & lampreys

8 7 Hagfish – 12 gill slits & make slime Lampreys – 7 gill slits & have a larval stage

9 8 Compare & contrast Ostracoderms & Placoderms

10 9 Ostracoderms – Jawless Placoderms – First jawed fish Both went extinct during the P/T extinction

11 10 Compare & Contrast Subclasses Actinopterygii & Sarcopterygii

12 11 Actinopterygii – Fish with bony rays in their fins Sarcopterygii – Fish with fleshy fins and the ability to breathe air Both are in Class Osteichthyes

13 12 What is the name of the first transitional vertebrate that crawled out of the ocean to spend time on land?

14 13 Tiktaalik

15 14 Amphibians show the following adaptations to living on land except a. Development of lungs b. Mucous covering across skin c. Amniotic egg d. 3-chambered heart

16 15 Amniotic Egg

17 16 What is the term used to describe amphibians’ ability to breathe through their skin?

18 17 Cutaneous respiration

19 Define paedomorphosis 18

20 19 The retention of juvenile traits in the adult form

21 What kind of amphibians are found in the following orders: Caudata Apoda Anura 20

22 21 Caudata – Salamanders Apoda – Caecilians Anura – Frogs & Toads

23 22 What two adaptations allowed reptiles to completely free themselves from aquatic life stages?

24 23 Scales & the amniotic egg

25 24 What is the difference between the toxins of rattle snakes and coral snakes?

26 25 Rattlesnakes – Hemotoxin Coral Snakes – Neurotoxin

27 26 Label the following pictures

28 27

29 28 Name something unique about the following lizards: Chameleons Geckos Gila Monsters Glass Lizards

30 29 Chameleons – change color Geckos – nano-hairs on feet Gila Monsters – Poisonous lizard Glass Lizards – Legless lizards

31 30 What kinds of reptiles are in the following Orders: Squamata Crocodilia Sphenodontia Testudines

32 31 Squamata – Lizards & Snakes Crocodilia – Crocodilians Sphenodontia – Tuatara Testudines – Turtles & Tortioses

33 32 Name the two things that contribute most to birds having the ability to keep their body weight down.

34 33 Hollow bones & reduced organs

35 34 Which of the following is not a characteristic of aerodynamic lift as it pertains to the airfoil wing design? a. Air travels a further distance above the wing than below b. The pressure below the wing is higher than above the wing c. Air molecules become packed tighter above the wing than below the wing d. Air molecules travel slower below the wing than above the wing

36 35 Air molecules become packed tighter above the wing than below the wing

37 36 How are Saurischian dinosaurs distinguished from Ornithischian dinosaurs?

38 37 Saurischians – Lizard-like hips Ornithischians – Bird-like hips

39 38 Compare & Contrast Sauropods & Theropods and give an example of each.

40 39 Both are Saurischians Sauropods – Quadrapedal, herbivorous dinosaurs (brontosaurus) Theropods – Bipedal, carnivorous dinosaurs (T-Rex)

41 40 What is the purpose of the following feather types? Tail/Flight Semiplume Bristle Filoplume Downy

42 41 Tail/Flight – Flight Semiplume – Shape & color Bristle – Around the eyes & mouth Filoplume – Connected to nerve endings Downy – Insulation

43 42 To what mammalian order do aardvarks belong?

44 37 Tubulidentata

45 44 What are two main differences between new-world and old-world monkeys?

46 45 New-world – Flat-nosed & prehensile tails Old-world – Narrow-nosed and non-functioning tails

47 46 What three characteristics of rodents have allowed their Order to become so successful?

48 47 1. Small size 2. Short breeding cycles 3. Ability to gnaw and chew a wide variety of foods

49 48 What are three differences between dolphins & porpoises?

50 49 Dolphins – Conical teeth, hooked dorsal fin, & beak Porpoises – Spade-like teeth, triangular dorsal fin, & no beak

51 50 What major steps did the following proto-mammals achieve that led them on the path to becoming mammals? Pelycosaurs Therapsids Cynodonts

52 51 Pelycosaurs – Sail used for the beginning of thermoregulation Therapsids – Legs moved under the body Cynodonts – Lumbar ribs reduced

53 52 How did the present distribution of marsupials, monotremes, and placental mammals come to be?

54 53 -Monotremes and marsupials evolved on Pangaea and spread out. -Australia, Antarctica, & India broke away -Placental mammals developed on Laurasia and conquered the rest of the landscape except for A,A, and I -India re-collided with Asia flooding it with placental mammals and Antarctica froze -Australia the only place left isolated and warm enough to support mammalian life


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