Presentation on theme: "1 Working towards a Commune- Based Poverty Monitoring System in Cambodia: An Update By Kim Net and Chan Sophal Cambodia Development Resource Institute."— Presentation transcript:
1 Working towards a Commune- Based Poverty Monitoring System in Cambodia: An Update By Kim Net and Chan Sophal Cambodia Development Resource Institute Presented at the General PEP Meeting in Dakar, 16-20 June 2004
3 Contents Overview Work Plan Pre-testing Full CBS Census Challenges Recommended Solutions Conclusion
4 Overview (1) Cambodia CBMS is strongly supported by Cambodian Government (Try Sothearith’s presentation). Cambodia CBMS is implemented by Supervisory Team from CDRI, NIS and Seila Program. The Provincial Statistics Office provided an official to participate in the project and liase between the Supervisory Team and Commune Councils.
5 Overview (2) 12,000 households in two provinces to represent different better-off and poor region. Three communes from one district in each province. A census of all the households in each commune in every village. The results will be presented at the village and commune level.
6 Overview (3) The commune council formed a committee of 3 or 4 members to be trained and to oversee the work. Each member is provided with an honorarium of $1.50 per day for a period of three months. The village chief was asked to help the enumerators in household listing and geographical guidance. They receive a minimal honorarium for their assistance.
7 Overview (4) One to three enumerators per village were recruited jointly by the commune council and CBMS Supervisory Team. They are amongst the villagers who had a reasonable level of education and experience in communal work. Each enumerator is paid based on the amount of households they interview. The rate is $0.25 per questionnaire of 5 pages. On average, an enumerator can interview 6 households only per day.
8 Overview (5) Data is processed manually with a subsequent verification by computerisation. The enumerators enter the data manually in Excel- format print-out sheets, one household on one row. They also do tally on the forms. Basic frequency calculation is done for each village by the commune council members. Each village will have a “statistics book”, which will be added up to produce a “commune statistics book” and a “commune poverty report”.
9 Work Plan (1) Jan. 04: Development of data collection tools. 02 Feb.-15 Apr. 04: Pre-testing of census in one village in every commune studied. 1-10 May 04: Conduct of training of enumerators and data processors for full census. 10 May-18 Jun. 04: Conduct of census in all villages 21 Jun. - 30 Jul. 04: Consolidation and processing of data.
10 Work Plan (2) 2- 31 Aug. 04: Analysis and reporting writing by commune councils 16-31 Aug. 04: Analysis and validation of survey results 1 Sep.-20 Oct. 04: Report writing by Supervisory Team 3-5 Nov. 04: Local seminars 18 Nov. 04: National Seminar 10 Dec. 04: Final Report for CBMS Network
11 Pre-testing Adopted during the final design. All the instruments and methods were applied in one village per commune. The commune council members received training that would be applied to the rest of the villages. Pre-test has been very useful and is highly recommended.
12 Full CBMS Census With experience from the pre-test, training for enumerators was clearer and quicker (one day for each commune). Council Members became useful commentators /trainers during the training. Interviews were done by enumerators under supervision of commune council members, CBMS provincial partners, and CBMS Researchers.
13 Challenges (1) Asking about income of the household proved to be very difficult. People tried to hide their income or probably could not recall it. There is usually a gap between income and expenditure. Income is often smaller than expenditure. People first ask for donations when enterviewers come to their house before asking questions. Rich households are more difficult to ask than poor households.
14 Challenges (2) A number of households work very far from home, difficult to interview. Far distance between villages makes commune council members difficult to monitor the interviews. Most of villagers think it is unimportant to answer because they feel they will not have any benefits from this work.
15 Challenges (3) Capacity of enumerators Due to lack of educated villagers, we need to recruit enumerators from other villages. It takes more time than expected to train recruited enumerators in the rural areas.
16 Recommended Solutions (1) Be good relationship with people interviewed. Explain clearly about objectives of project before asking. Any case there is problem happened in the village, commune council members first play an important key to solve under monitoring by PPD and CBMS team. High gap of income and expenditure must be much concentrated. Enumerators have to be patient with all kinds of villagers.
17 Recommended Solutions (2) Ask for all information from the household especially on expenditure and all jobs to earn income in order to ensure the balance of income and expenditure. Assign nearest commune council member to be responsible for far village.
18 Conclusion With strongly supportive and effort of commune council members and team researcher, pilot CBMS will be successfully implemented. CBMS plays a major role for local development planning makers, which goes a long with decentralization of the government. From CBMS, Commune councils are provided better knowledge and accurate information for a good local development and governance. With achievement of pilot, CBMS can be expanded in Cambodia.