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East vs. West The Iran Revolution Patten & Valdner Global History II Mepham High School.

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Presentation on theme: "East vs. West The Iran Revolution Patten & Valdner Global History II Mepham High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 East vs. West The Iran Revolution Patten & Valdner Global History II Mepham High School

2 Iran

3 Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi Iran »Iranian nationalist who attempted to modernize and westernize Iran. »Allows capitalism »Developed Iran’s oil industry »Repressed civil rights. »Supported by US

4 A Divided Iran »Upper Classes »Wealthy »Urban »Westernized »Secular »Minority of the population »Lower Classes »Poor »Rural »Traditional »Very Religious »Majority of the population »Lower Classes »Poor »Rural »Traditional »Very Religious »Majority of the population

5 Ayatollah Khomeini Iran »Fundamentalist cleric he led the 1979 Iranian Revolution. »Under his leadership America was known as “the great satan”.

6 Fundamentalist »A fundamentalist is a believer in traditional religious beliefs. Often fundamentalists oppose modern reforms in favor of returning to traditional beliefs.

7 Ayatollah Khomeini »Overthrows the Shah »Religious man who wants Iran to be a religious state (Islamic Fundamentalist) »Leads the Iranian Revolution »Iran becomes a strict Muslim state

8 The Iranian Revolution 1979 »Causes »Shah Pahlavi was westernizing Iran »Religious people were unhappy »Khomeini will gain support of the Islamic Fundamentalists

9 American Hostages

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11 The Iranian Revolution 1979 »Effects »Khomeini takes power in 1979 »The Shah flees Iran; helped by U.S.A. »53 Americans are taken hostage at the US embassy until 1981

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14 The Iranian Revolution 1979 »Effects »Iran becomes a theocracy »Iran becomes a strict Muslim State; laws in Iran are based in the Koran (Quran) »Women lost all rights and privileges. Government bans western books.

15 Conflict between Modernization & Tradition


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