Presentation on theme: "How to develop Soccer Players - Soccer Speed Mike Antoniades Performance Coach."— Presentation transcript:
How to develop Soccer Players - Soccer Speed Mike Antoniades Performance Coach
Mike Antoniades Football Coaching Speed Coaching Sport Dimensions Frappier Acceleration Soccer Speed Workshops University Lectures
Who are You? Football Coaches? Fitness Coaches? Age Groups? Academies? Teams?
Who do we work with? Professional athletes from football, rugby, track & field: Chelsea FC, Chelsea Academy, Stoke City, Ipswich Town, Crystal Palace, Blackburn, QPR, Wolves, Bath Rugby, WASPS, Harlequins & others USA, Europe Recreational Athletes Non - Athletes
Key factors in developing Soccer Players? The Optimal training Period –Who, when, why & how The Neural Stimulus –Training the neuromuscular system Motor Development –Movement Patterns Soccer Specific Speed Training –Quality & Technique
Elite level Match Analysis Average During 90 minutes Changes of Direction,- Km/miles covered- PERCENTAGES Time Standing - Time Walking forward & backward- Time Jumping- Time Jogging - Low speed running - Moderate speed running- High speed running - Full out Sprinting (% & Distance)-
Elite level Match Analysis Average During 90 minutes 1400 changes of Direction 12-17km covered Standing - 18% Walking forward & backward- 36% Jumping- 2% Jogging - 16% Low speed running - 15% Moderate speed running- 10% High speed running - 2% Full out Sprinting - 1%
Mean Time for activities Changes of Direction - 1 every 4.5 sec Standing – 7.8 Walking forward & backward- 6.7 Jogging - 3.5 Jumping- 1.0 Low speed running - 3.5 Moderate speed running- 2.5 High speed running - 2.1 Full out Sprinting - 2.0
Optimal Training Period 10,000 hours or 10 years training Central Nervous System Biomechanical system Boys & Girls – puberty Fast-twitch V slow-twitch
Training the Neuromuscular system Positive Movement patterns –Motor engrams Quality of movement High velocity movements Fatigue of the CNS Muscle imbalances
Quality of Movement Train the movement not the muscle! Coach the athlete not the drill!
Soccer Motor Development Technique, Speed & Movement Structure of Training Quality & Intensity Research: –300 Soccer Players –Aged 9 – 21 –10 years + Slower turning left or right –Between 0.2 – 0.65 sec
Soccer Specific Speed Coaches & Conditioning experts Biomechanics of Soccer Reaction times Maximum velocity Four components of Soccer Speed
Speed is a Skill!! Dispel some Myths Not something you are born with? Speed is a skill you can develop –Athletic development –Sport Specific development Can be taught from the age of 7!
Coaching Soccer Speed Multidirectional, Explosive, Power sport Different biomechanics to Other sports Different components of Soccer speed: –Quickness –Reactive Speed –Active Speed –Complex Speed
Coaching Vs Training Coach to improve! Quality not Quantity! Correct Bad movement. Coaching Attitude Focus on the positive. Know how we learn.
Horizontal & Vertical Training The Science of Coaching –Follow the science, facts and guidelines Horizontal Training –General Conditioning –Strength –Speed –Coordination The Art of Coaching –Sport Specific i.e. Soccer, knowledge, skill acquisition, Vertical –Multi-directional, Soccer Speed, Integrated Training –Learning process, Mental Strength
Learning Process Motor Patterns 400-500 Hours for Unconscious Comp. Neural Maps Phantom Limb Phenomenon
Coaching Children – U8 to U15 Children are not mini adults Optimal Age for movement training Coordination & Agility Lactate runs
Long Term Planning Skill Acquisition Phase –6 years to 9 years Fluency Phase –10 to 14 years Advanced Development Phase –14 to 16 years Mastery Phase –16 +
Athlete Development Chronological Age Biological age Mental/Cognitive Emotional development Girls & Boys Early Developers - Physical Late Developers - Physical
Coaching Soccer Soccer Specific Speed programme –Motor Patterns –Neuromuscular system Foundation Movement Development –Ages 8 to 12 –1st Speed Window – 10 to 12 years Intermediate Speed Development –Ages 13 to 15 –2nd Speed Window – 13 to 17 years Advanced Speed Development –Ages 16 to elite level
Coaching Soccer Speed Foundation Movements, Ages 8-12 –Stopping, Starting, Planting, Pivoting –Running – FW,BW,SD –Quick feet –Dribbling –Opposed movements –Distance for Speed work 5 – 10 metres –Let them play and have FUN! –Small sided games
Coaching Soccer Speed Intermediate Speed, Ages 13-15 –Foundation Drills –Jumping & Landing –Soccer Specific Sprinting Active, Reactive –Balance & Coordination –Agility & Flexibility –Distance for Speed work 5 – 20 metres –Small sided games
Coaching Soccer Speed Advanced Speed Development, Ages 16+ –Jumping & Landing –Active, Reactive, Complex Speed –Balance & Coordination –Functional Strength & Power –Distance for Speed work 5 – 40 metres – Speed Endurance / Anaerobic Threshold & Skill 3 V 3, 4 V 4 –90% of exercises Under Pressure
Coaching Points Focus on Quality of Movement –Foot Placement Correct bad technique No Fatigue during Speed Sessions If Quality deteriorates, STOP the session Work at Maximum Velocity Sets 3 to 5, reps 6 – 8 Work rest ratio 1 : 4 80% with a ball
Chelsea Academy StagesAge Players Foundation7-8 yrs200 Opportunity9-12 yrs60 Development13-14 yrs30 Preparation15-16 yrs16 Scholarship17-18 yrs20 PROFESSIONAL PLAYERS
Chelsea Academy Key Evaluation Components: –Technical –Tactical –Physical –Mental/Psychological –Social
Changes to Training Over three years Continued Coach education Football Conditioners – Speed Coaches Objectives: 1-2 pro players per year
Results Increase in Speed – Quickness & Explosiveness (Five Soccer Specific Tests) –20% - 50% –Turning ability Reduction in muscular injuries Reduction in Stress related injuries Speed Soccer Protocol
Strength Training Ages 8 to 15 – Gymstick Training –2 X 30 Min sessions per week –Balance, Coordination, strength Ages 16 to elite level –2 Gymstick sessions 40 min –1 Strength session