2ObjectivesDescribe the causes and major events of the French and Indian War.Analyze the causes and effects of Pontiac’s Rebellion.Summarize how the wars and their outcomes changed the relationship between Britain and the colonies.
3Terms and PeopleGeorge Washington – young, ambitious Virginian who led colonial troops against the French in 1754French and Indian War – a war that pitted the British and their colonial allies against the French and IndiansPontiac’s Rebellion – an Indian uprising against the British in the Ohio River valley after the French and Indian WarProclamation of 1763 – between the British and Indians, it restricted colonial settlers to east of the Appalachian Mountains
4Terms and People (continued) Albany Plan of Union – 1754 plan that called on the colonies to unite under British rule and cooperate with one another in war
5How did Great Britain’s wars with France affect the American colonies? A series of wars between the European empires spread to the colonies.Colonists allied with Britain fought against the French and their Indian allies.
7French and Indian War (1754-1763) Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) Began as rivalry over Ohio ValleyWashington sent to Ohio territory by governor of VirginiaWashington attacked French troopsSurrendered at Fort NecessityBecame a global war1759 Quebec fell to the BritishFrench Acadians kicked out of Canada. Became Cajuns of Louisiana
9In the French and Indian War: Most Indians fought alongside the French because they treated the Indians with respect and generosity.The British treated Indians harshly and took their lands for farming.In the French and Indian War:Overall, the Indians tried to maintain a balance of power between the French and the British.
10The French and British fought over who controlled the Ohio River Valley and the Great Lakes area.
11Map 6.6 Global Scale of the Seven Years’ War Among the first of the truly “world wars” of the modern era, the Seven Years’ War sucked in several nations who did battlearound the globe.Map 6-6 p105
12In the early years of the war, from 1754 through to 1758, the British were defeated by the French and their Indian allies.A young George Washington led an early battle against the French in 1754.The death of General Edward Braddock in a French and Indian ambush was a significant defeat for the British.
14Soon groups of colonial militiamen helped the British fight the French by serving as scouts and soldiers. Rogers’ Rangers was an effective militia that included Indians fighting against the French. Colonists gained military experience
15The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the war and In 1758 and 1759, the British interrupted the shipment of French supplies and started to win battles.Many Indians deserted the French to fight on the British side.The Treaty of Paris of ended the war andgreatly increased British territory.
16The British conquest was not good for the Indians. The Indians rebelled.They attacked British forts and the new British settlements.They tried to weaken the British in any way they could, in order to lure the French back.The British stopped supplies to the Indians.British settlers quickly moved into Indian lands in western Pennsylvania and Virginia.
17This Indian uprising called Pontiac’s Rebellion ended in 1764 This Indian uprising called Pontiac’s Rebellion ended in The British agreed settlers would remain east of the Appalachian Mountains.
18Tensions arose between the British and colonists after the French and Indian War. The Colonieswanted more control over the coloniesdid not want British controlwanted the colonies to help pay for the warswanted more land for settlementswanted the colonies to join together under the Albany Plan of Unionwanted to maintain their individual autonomywanted colonies to cooperate in time of wardid not want to be unfairly taxed by the British
19Albany Plan of Union1754 British government summoned an intercolonial congress in Albany, NYSeven colonies sent delegatesPurpose was to keep Iroquois allied with the BritishBenjamin Franklin proposed a plan for colonial home rule that was adopted by the delegates but which never came to fruitionMaryland, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts and New Hampshire all sent commissioners to the Congress
20Colonial leader Benjamin Franklin drafted the Albany Plan of Union that would: unite the colonies under British rule.unite the colonies in fighting wars.create a continental assembly with delegates from each colony.
21Famous Cartoon by Benjamin Franklin Delaware and Georgia were omitted.p106
22Franklin drew this political cartoon to encourage support of colonial unity and his plan. The colonists and the British each rejected the Albany Plan for their own reasons.
23Treaty of Paris (1763) France eliminated from North American continent Spain received as compensation trans-Mississippi Louisiana and New OrleansGreat Britain emerged as the dominant power in North America and the leading naval power in the world.
25The French and Indian War changed the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain. In the 1760s, the British placed new, unwanted taxes and regulations on the colonists.The colonists increasingly resented the erosion of their autonomy and the involuntary tax burden.
26Consequences Colonial self-esteem raised Colonists received military experienceBritish no longer seen as invincibleTensions developed between British officers and colonists. Colonists were looked upon with contemptBritish officials upset that colonists did not fully support the common causeWar did encourage some colonial unityBritish refused to recognize American militia commissions above the rank of Captain.American shippers maintained trade with Spanish and French West IndiesSome colonists refused to provide troops and money for the war
27French and Spanish threat to the colonies was eliminated/reduced Indians lost the ability to play off the Europeans against each otherColonists had a new sense of destiny as a growing people with a continent open before themBritain in debt and now had troops they had to maintain in North AmericaBritain also felt more empowered
28Proclamation of 1763 1763 Pontiac’s Uprising Ottawa chief Pontiac led several tribes against the British in the Ohio country, killing over 2000 soldiers and settlersProclamation prohibited settlement in the area beyond the AppalachiansColonists defied the proclamation and pushed westwardAttempt to prevent another uprising1765 an estimated 1000 wagons moved through one North Carolinian town on their way west
29Map 6.8 British Colonies at End of the Seven Years’ War, 1763 This map, showing the colonies thirteen years before the Declaration of Independence, helps to explain whythe British would be unable to conquer their offspring. The colonists were spreading rapidlyinto the backcountry, where the powerful British navy could not flush them out. Duringthe Revolutionary War, the British at one time or another captured the leading colonialcities—Boston, New York, P hiladelphia, and Charleston—but the more remote interiorremained a sanctuary for rebels.Map 6-8 p110
30Closure List one cause of the French and Indian War List two results of the warWhy were the colonists upset with the Proclamation of 1763?