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England discovers its colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansion Chapter 3.

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Presentation on theme: "England discovers its colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansion Chapter 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 England discovers its colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansion Chapter 3

2 Colonist in North America England in the 17 th century Diverse settlement in the Americas

3 Colonist in North America North American colonies much healthier - life expectancy & family size (p 70)

4 English trade in Colonies Autonomous English colonies - self-governance trade was most economical (Dutch) - English Civil War ( )

5 Theory of Mercantilism control of colonial trade essential for power colonies provide raw materials & serve as markets for the finished goods

6 English Navigation Act Parliament banned foreign ships (1650) - goods imported only through English ships foreign trade prohibited Why did this anger the colonist?

7 Restoration Navigation Acts Navigation Act of 1660 Established “enumerated commodities” English monopoly

8 England becomes superpower by most powerful navy in the world England’s good fortune

9 Metacom’s War ( )

10 Colonial conflicts with Indians no clear boundaries - any settlement vulnerable to an attack “new world” for Indians - guns, alcohol, Christianity etc.

11 Metacom, Indian Chief of the Wampanoags If I became “a praying sachem, I shall be a poor and weak one, and easily trod upon”

12 Metacom’s War ( ) Reasons for war - Christianity & land

13 Massacres common for both sides - women & children - gun powder Metacom’s War (continue)

14

15 Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) Sir William Berkeley / Virginia - taxes, favoritism & servants Nathaniel Bacon raised army & attacked Indians arrested & forced to apologize

16 Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) Declaration of the People led army to Jamestown revolts against wealthy 1 st popular rebellion revolutionary seeds

17 Discussion Salem Witch Trials

18 Conclusion English regulation of trade benefited both London & Colonies (protection & goods) The Navigation Acts were tremendously successful Indian conflicts resulted from competition for resources & land many settlers boosted of freedom – land, religion, wealth, etc.


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