Presentation on theme: "England discovers its colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansion Chapter 3."— Presentation transcript:
England discovers its colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansion Chapter 3
Colonist in North America England in the 17 th century Diverse settlement in the Americas
Colonist in North America North American colonies much healthier - life expectancy & family size (p 70)
English trade in Colonies Autonomous English colonies - self-governance trade was most economical (Dutch) - English Civil War ( )
Theory of Mercantilism control of colonial trade essential for power colonies provide raw materials & serve as markets for the finished goods
English Navigation Act Parliament banned foreign ships (1650) - goods imported only through English ships foreign trade prohibited Why did this anger the colonist?
Restoration Navigation Acts Navigation Act of 1660 Established “enumerated commodities” English monopoly
England becomes superpower by most powerful navy in the world England’s good fortune
Metacom’s War ( )
Colonial conflicts with Indians no clear boundaries - any settlement vulnerable to an attack “new world” for Indians - guns, alcohol, Christianity etc.
Metacom, Indian Chief of the Wampanoags If I became “a praying sachem, I shall be a poor and weak one, and easily trod upon”
Metacom’s War ( ) Reasons for war - Christianity & land
Massacres common for both sides - women & children - gun powder Metacom’s War (continue)
Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) Sir William Berkeley / Virginia - taxes, favoritism & servants Nathaniel Bacon raised army & attacked Indians arrested & forced to apologize
Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) Declaration of the People led army to Jamestown revolts against wealthy 1 st popular rebellion revolutionary seeds
Discussion Salem Witch Trials
Conclusion English regulation of trade benefited both London & Colonies (protection & goods) The Navigation Acts were tremendously successful Indian conflicts resulted from competition for resources & land many settlers boosted of freedom – land, religion, wealth, etc.