Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 11 Section 1:Civil War and Revolution Section 2:Constitutional Monarchy in England Section 3:English Colonial Expansion Section 4: The Enlightenment."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 11 Section 1:Civil War and Revolution Section 2:Constitutional Monarchy in England Section 3:English Colonial Expansion Section 4: The Enlightenment Section 5: The American Revolution Enlightenment and Revolution in England and America
Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Beginnings of the British Empire Begins in 1600s (17 th century) English navy becomes a major force England becomes leader in world trade English Colonial Expansion
Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 English Colonial Expansion John Cabot 1497-98 Gave England its first claim to North America
Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Sea Dogs English sea captains under Queen Elizabeth I explorers & adventurers Sir Francis Drake Sir Walter Raleigh English Colonial Expansion
The Founding of America England looked to the New World for wealth. Englishmen came to America seeking freedom of worship (God), adventure (Glory) and a better living (Gold).
English Charters The king granted royal charters to companies and individuals giving them exclusive rights to do trade.
The Lost Colony In 1585, a group of colonists financed by sir Walter Raleigh and headed by John White sailed for North America. They founded a colony on Roanoke Island off the coast of North Carolina.
On August 18, 1587, Virginia Dare was born on Roanoke Island. She was the first child born in America to English Parents. After three years the colonist disappeared. For this reason, Roanoke Island became known as the “ Lost Colony. ”
Jamestown, Virginia The first permanent English settlement was Jamestown, established in 1607. Jamestown was founded with 100 settlers and Captain John Smith as their leader.
Most of the settlers of Jamestown were indentured servants. These were people who agreed to work for 4-7 years after their arrival to pay for their passage.
Around 1612, a settler named John Rolfe developed a new form of tobacco that the English enjoyed. Tobacco would soon become Virginia ’ s most important crop.
John Rolfe would marry Pocahontas in 1614. She would become a Christian and change her name to Rebecca. John Rolfe and Rebecca sailed to England to meet King James I in 1616. Rebecca died in March 1617 of pneumonia during a return trip to Virginia.
Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 English Colonial Expansion Plymouth 1620
Plymouth, Massachusetts In 1620, a group of English Protestants who called themselves Pilgrims sailed for Plymouth on the Mayflower. Their experience inspired others to come to the New World who were seeking religious freedom.
Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 English Colonial Expansion
Mercantilism and the Colonies Mercantilism was an economic theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country. Colonies were to supply raw materials for the mother country.
The English government passed a number of regulations that affected its North American colonies. The Navigation Act of 1651 stated that colonial products could only be sold only to England.
Trade regulations aroused resentment, and colonists found ways to avoid them. The colonist avoided paying taxes whenever they could. Smuggling became a respectable occupation.