Presentation on theme: "US History: Week 2 Early British Colonies Warm-up 3: Community If you had the opportunity to create your own school community, what type of features would."— Presentation transcript:
US History: Week 2 Early British Colonies Warm-up 3: Community If you had the opportunity to create your own school community, what type of features would it have?
OBJECTIVE: STUDENTS WILL LEARN WHAT IMPACT BRITISH SETTLERS AND SEE THE IMPACT THEY HAD ON NATIVE AMERICANS Goal: Students will learn the contributions of different religious groups to American civil laws and social reform
Objective-Students will identify why colonists moved to New England and the beliefs they established that impact American society today
Jamestown, Virginia Jamestown- (1607) 1st English city in present day US Virginia Company- in charge of Jamestown –*Goal- make money (find gold like Spanish) Disastrous start- settlers died in huge numbers (WHY?) 1)Gentlemen Settlers- they did not know how to live in the wild (kill food, build homes) 2)Looked for gold- not food 3)Disease- town is in a swamp with mosquitoes
Tobacco- Native American crop popular in Europe *Tobacco made Jamestown profitable (Drug trade makes $ too just like gold) New settlers- people wanted to move to Jamestown to make money and cheap/free land Headright system- free land for new arrivals Indentured servant- person to poor to pay for trip, had cost of trip paid in return for 3-5 years labor *Shortage of people/labor required incentives for people to move to Americas *Imagine if Pilgrims had landed in Jamestown?
With the chance to start a new life, there’s one problem….
Problems for settlers- as more people came, available land moved farther inland – *Caused clashes with Indians Bacon’s Rebellion- (1676) former indentured servants riot and burn down Jamestown – *Wanted more protection against Indians from local government – **Importance- created a need to find a less troublesome, cheap labor source (SLAVES) END of Notes
New England- settled by English looking for religious freedom (Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island) Puritans- wanted to purify/fix the Church of England (make it less Catholic), treated harshly by King in England Pilgrims- Puritans who wanted to separate from the Church of England, sailed on Mayflower and landed on Plymouth (1620) – *Both wanted to create a model Christian society in Americas based on THEIR BELIEFS (did not want people or religions who were different
*Problems with Indians- Puritans felt Indians were in the way, lots of clashes Rhode Island- only New England colony with religious freedom
Middle Colonies (New York, Penn.) New Netherlands (New York) founded by Dutch as a trading outpost ($), open to all groups of people, traded with Indians (few clashes) – Duke of York- took over New Netherland without a fight for England, renamed New York Pennsylvania- founded by William Penn as a colony for Quakers (Christians who were pacifists, against slavery, and supported Indian rights) Expansion- more settlers from Europe moved in, worse relations w Na.Am. *How is Penn. different from New England Advertised- in Europe to attract settlers (Germans, Scot-Irish) – *middle colonies had equality, cooperation, and religious tolerance that would become fundamental qualities of US *How might New York be different if it was settled by the Puritans?
Beginning of the 16 th century, nations of Europe competed for wealth & power through a new economic system called mercantilism. Mercantilism- nation could increase its wealth and power in 2 ways: – By obtaining as much gold & silver as possible – By establishing a favorable balance of trade, in which it sold more goods than it bought. Navigation Acts- England’s parliament (king) attempt to gain control of colonial trade by passing certain laws. Who benefits from the Navigation Acts?
Cause and Effect Chart CauseEffect Many who came to the colonies like Virginia were looking for gold. Did not find gold. Many died. Future colonists ended up raising tobacco. In the beginning, Virginia colonists like in the ones in Jamestown died. Virginia colonists need labor to grow tobacco Puritans are persecuted in England Puritans believed in religious freedom