2 “Before 1492, there were no tomatoes in Italy, no chocolates in Belgium, no potatoes in Ireland, no oranges in Florida, and no cattle in Texas.”
3 The Columbian Exchange was the global diffusion of plants, food crops, animals, human populations, and disease pathogens that took place after the voyages of Christopher Columbus and other European mariners. It has both positive and negative consequences for the global world.
5 New World Old World Domesticated Animals Domesticated Plants Turkey CattleSheepPigsHorsesDomesticated PlantsCornTomatoesPotatoesPeanutsVanillaBeansCacaoPineappleTobaccoPeppersSweet PotatoesSquashPumpkinsHoneybeesSugar CaneBananasGrapesCitrus FruitsOnionsOlivesTurnipsCoffee BeansPeaches, PearsGrains: Wheat, Rice, Barley, Oats
6 What were the three most used food commodities and its uses?
7 What were the effects of new foods on people as a result of the exchange? Europeans:Introduction of new foodsVaried dietPopulation increases in EuropeNew markets for tradeColonization increased power and role as world leaderAfricans and Natives:Introduction of new foods and animalsForced laborAtlantic Slave Trade and migration of peoplesExposure to pathogens causing diseaseLoss of autonomy and land
8 Brainstorm the positive and negative effects the Columbian Exchange had on the peoples in the Americas and the rest of the world.Write a summary.
9 DBQ ActivityUsing the documents, analyze how early Europeans responded to food items of the New World.
10 Document 1 Comparison to Andalusia, plants, the set up villages, fish Observations on the beautyExpecting to find many herbs
11 Document 2 Unbiased Observations about meal ingredients Meals includes starch, vegetable, protein
12 Document 3 Manioc aka Yuca (not Yucca Tree) or Cassava Native shrub/root to tropical regionsUsed as a carbohydrateEaten boiled, deep fried or in stews
13 Document 4 Manioc is poisonous Must be boiled so it is safe to eat Similar to other foods that are dangers unless prepared specially.MushroomsAlmondsPotato and Tomato seeds
14 Possible groupingsObservations of land and meal ingredients (doc 1 &2) & New Crops (doc 3&4)Similar to home food (doc 1 &2) & different to home food (doc 3 & 4)Neutral (doc 2), Positive (doc 1 &3), Negative (doc 4)
15 Rachel Sarah O’TooleAssistant Professor of History, School of HumanitiesUniversity of California, Irvine Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001, History M.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996, History B.A., University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1992, History & Latin American StudiesAcademic Focus:Colonial Latin America, the Andes, African Diaspora,Atlantic world, history of race, gender