Presentation on theme: "Aim: What changes did the Spanish Conquest of South America bring? Do Now: How would life be different if another country took over the U.S.?"— Presentation transcript:
Aim: What changes did the Spanish Conquest of South America bring? Do Now: How would life be different if another country took over the U.S.?
The Influence of the Colonial Catholic Church Guadalajara Cathedral Guadalajara Cathedral Our Lady of Guadalupe Our Lady of Guadalupe Spanish Mission Spanish Mission
I. Impact of the Spanish Rule on South America A. Religious Conversions 1. Catholic missionaries (Jesuits) converted native people to Catholicism
B. Genocide by Disease 1. Spaniards unknowingly brought infectious diseases (influenza, smallpox) to native populations. 2. Killed millions of people between 1520-1600
Of all the organisms Europeans brought to America, none were more harmful to Native Americans than Old World diseases (Cronon 1983). The Europeans brought with them smallpox, measles, diphtheria, trachoma, whooping cough, chicken pox, bubonic plague (carried by fleas, which were carried by European rats), malaria, typhoid fever, cholera, yellow fever, dengue fever, scarlet fever, amebic dysentery, influenza, and a number of worm infections (Figure 3). Native Americans had absolutely no antibodies to these diseases. To say that the effect of these illnesses on the population of the Americas was devastating would be an understatement. WHAT ROLE DID DISEASE PLAY IN SPANISH CONQUEST???
The Slave Trade 1.Existed in Africa before the coming of the Europeans. 2.Portuguese replaced European slaves with Africans. Sugar cane & sugar plantations. First boatload of African slaves brought by the Spanish in 1518. 275,000 enslaved Africans exported to other countries. 3.Between 16 c & 19 c, about 10 million Africans shipped to the Americas.