2Ring Activity What was easy about the game? What was difficult about the game?What was the purpose of this activity in relation to Street Law?
3LawRules and regulations made and enforced by government that regulate conduct within a societyJurisprudence- the study of law and legal philosophyHome, School, Outside WorldWithout law there would be confusion and disorderNo one is above the law. (Laws are the same for all.)
4Problem 1.1 List 10 daily activities Next to each item, list a law that may affect the activityGoing to school – can’t drop out until 18Would you change any of these laws? Why or why not?
5Laws and Values Laws are influenced by society’s ideas of right/wrong Laws must balance minority rights with majority rule along with responsibilitiesAs values change, so do laws
6Goals of Legal System Protect human rights Promote fairness Help resolve conflictPromote social order and stabilityPromote desirable social and economic behaviorRepresent the will of the majorityProtect the rights of minorities
7Values Creating Laws Moral Economic Political Social Combined Values KillingEconomicTax benefits to home ownersPoliticalVoteSocialFree public educationCombined ValuesStealing (wrong, loss of property, punishment, respect)
8Can Laws Solve Social Problems? AlcoholismDrug Abuse
9Which Value is Involved? Economic, Social, Political, or Moral?All drivers must stop at stop signs.It is a crime to cheat on your tax return.All citizens may vote at age eighteen.Special government programs lend money to minority-owned businesses at low interest rates.Government officials may not accept gifts from people who want them to pass certain laws.Possession of marijuana is a crime.
10Answers All drivers must stop at stop signs. S It is a crime to cheat on your tax return. EAll citizens may vote at age eighteen. PSpecial government programs lend money to minority-owned businesses at low interest rates. EGovernment officials may not accept gifts from people who want them to pass certain laws. MPossession of marijuana is a crime. M
11The Case of the Shipwrecked Sailors Read the case on page 7Answer questions a-f and save to your shared folder
12Human RightsRights that belong to all people simply because they are human beingsDignity and respectHomes, schools, workplaces
13What human rights are important to you? Problem 1.3 pg. 8Answer questions a-fDiscuss with class
14What human rights are important to others? Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)Protects freedoms of speech, religion, press, and right to participate in governmentAdequate food, education, housing, health careJob, safe working conditions, salary, own propertyCountries use human rights when writing lawsHuman Rights in USA pg. 10Read and answer a-cDiscuss with class
15Balancing Rights with Responsibilities With every right comes a responsibilityTrial by jury- serve on a juryDemocracy- voteAttend school- _________________________Just because you have the right to do something does not mean that you shouldFreedom of speech- hateful/abusive words
16Kinds of Laws Criminal Law Civil Law Public conduct in society Punished by prison, fine, supervisionFelonies- punished by more than one year in prisonMurder, robberyMisdemeanor- punished by less than one year in prison/fineAssault, theftCivil LawArgument between two peopleLawsuit for cash
17Trial Defendant- person accused of crime Plaintiff- person harmed by defendantProsecutor- lawyer helping plaintiffBeyond a reasonable doubt- every person on the jury must be certain the defendant committed the crimeOne juror that believes the defendant is innocent will set the defendant freeCriminal CasesPreponderance of evidence- the evidence shows the defendant PROBABLY committed the crimeCivil Cases
18Criminal or Civil Laws?Problem 1.7 pg. 14Read and answer a-c
19Our Constitutional Framework Highest law in landLimited governmentChecks and BalancesBill of RightsFirst 10 AmendmentsSeparation of powers3 branches: executive (President), legislative (Congress), judicial (Supreme Court)
20Legislative Branch Congress Two houses: Senate and House of RepresentativesWrites/Passes laws (Statutes)Laws must pass both housesCan override Presidential Veto with 2/3 vote
21Executive BranchVeto- cancel a law written by Congress
22Judicial Branch Judicial review- examines a law from Congress Unconstitutional- violates the Constitution and cannot existCongress does not have authority to pass law (State issue)Federalism (State, Federal, Both Powers)Congress passed a law that violates the Constitution
23Constitutional Principles Problem 1.9 pg. 18Read and answer a-e
24Chapter 1 Project Laws Human Rights Constitution The Bill of Rights protects our freedoms as American citizens. Using your book pg. 424, list Amendments Then explain what human right is being protected by each Amendment. Then examine each Amendment again. Are there any laws that limit these rights? Explain the law and why the limit exists.
25Example Chapter 1 Project 1st Amendment: Freedoms of speech, religion, press, assembly, petitionHuman rights- worship god of choice, make complaints in order to make changeLaws that limit those rights- no human sacrifices/abuse in the name of religion, cannot yell “Fire” in a movie theater, cannot print false statements about someone/business