2WHAT IS LAWRules and regulations made and enforced by government that regulate the conduct of people within a society.Child: rules at home and at schoolhome- bedtime, choresschool- classroom and school behaviorsRules made and enforced by the government are lawsWhy do you think laws are important?Laws affect almost every aspect of daily lifeWithout laws there would be disorder and confusionComplete problem 1.1
3PROBLEM 1.1Read problem 1.1 on page 5 of your textbook. Be prepared to share your answers and defend them.
4LAW AND VALUESLaw and ValuesLegal System GoalsProtecting basic human rightsPromoting fairnessHelping resolve conflictsPromoting order and stabilityPromoting desirable social and economic behaviorRepresenting the will of the majorityProtecting the rights of minotoritiesLegal system is influenced by our society’s traditional idea of right and wrong
5LAW AND VALUES Laws can be based on 4 different values: Moral Value Economic ValuePolitical ValueSocial ValueAs values change so can laws
6Moral Values Fundamental questions of right and wrong Example: Laws against killing peopleWhat are some circumstances where society allows for the killing of people?Have class answer discussion question.
7Economic ValueDeal with accumulation, preservation, use and distribution of wealth.Many laws promote economic valuesLet’s read on page 7 the examplesSecond paragraph on page 7 shows examples of promoting economic values. Can the students think of any other examples.
8Political ValuesReflects the relationship between government and individualsLaws making it easier to vote promote citizen participation in political processCitizen participation is basic American political value
9Social Values Concern issues that are important to society Social values can changeWhat laws do you think deal with social values?
10Problem 1.3 Pg. 8For each of the following laws, indicate whether moral, economic, political or social values are involved. Explain your responses.All drives must stop at stop signs.It is a crime to cheat on your tax return.All citizens may vote at age 18.Special government programs lend money to minority- owned businesses at low interest rates.Government officials may not accept gifts from people who want them to pass certain laws.Possession of marijuana is a crime.
11HUMAN RIGHTS All the rights people have because they are human beings. Advocating human rights:Demand the dignity of all humans be respected.Where do people’s human right’s apply?HomesSchools EverywhereWorkplacePeople’s human rights apply everywhereBonus assignment:Read the section on human rights. Pages Then answer the problem 1.5 questions on page 11.
12KINDS OF LAWS CRIMINAL LAWS CIVIL LAWS Regulate public conduct and set out duties owed to society.Brought by the government against a person committing a crime2 types of criminal laws:FeloniesMisdemeanorsRegulate relations between individuals or groups of individualsCivil Action- lawsuit brought against one person by another personRegulate- marriage, divorce, contracts, real estate, insurance, consumer protection and negligenceFelonies- penalty more than one year in prisonexamples- murder and robberyMisdemeanors- penalty less than one year in prisonexamples- simple assault and minorRead and discuss the participants in trials and discuss difference in criminal and civil case against O.J. Simpson on pgs. 13 and 14.Homework/Classwork: problem 1.7
13OUR CONSTITUTIONAL FRAME WORK Limited government:-to keep the federal government from having too much powerChecks and Balances:-to prevent one branch of the U.S. government from becoming too powerfulReasons Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional:Government passed a laws the Constitution does not give it power to passPassed a laws that violates someone’s rights.What is the Bill of Rights? First 10 amendments to the ConstitutionComplete problem 1.8 in class.