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CHAPTER 1 Street Law. Law Rules and regulations made and enforced by government that regulate conduct within a society Jurisprudence- the study of law.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1 Street Law. Law Rules and regulations made and enforced by government that regulate conduct within a society Jurisprudence- the study of law."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 1 Street Law

2 Law Rules and regulations made and enforced by government that regulate conduct within a society Jurisprudence- the study of law and legal philosophy Home, School, Outside World Without law there would be confusion and disorder No one is above the law. (Laws are the same for all.)

3 Laws and Values Laws are influenced by society’s ideas of right/wrong Laws must balance minority rights with majority rule along with responsibilities As values change, so do laws

4 Goals of Legal System Protect human rights Promote fairness Help resolve conflict Promote social order and stability Promote desirable social and economic behavior Represent the will of the majority Protect the rights of minorities

5 Values Creating Laws Moral  Killing Economic  Tax benefits to home owners Political  Vote Social  Free public education Combined Values  Stealing (wrong, loss of property, punishment, respect)

6 Can Laws Solve Social Problems? Alcoholism Drug Abuse

7 Which Value is Involved? Economic, Social, Political, or Moral? 1. All drivers must stop at stop signs. 2. It is a crime to cheat on your tax return. 3. All citizens may vote at age eighteen. 4. Special government programs lend money to minority-owned businesses at low interest rates. 5. Government officials may not accept gifts from people who want them to pass certain laws. 6. Possession of marijuana is a crime.

8 The Case of the Shipwrecked Sailors Read the case on page 6 Answer questions A-F Discuss with class

9 Human Rights Rights that belong to all people simply because they are human beings Dignity and respect Homes, schools, workplaces

10 What human rights are important to you? Problem 1.4 pg. 10 Answer questions a-f Discuss with class

11 What human rights are important to others? Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)  Protects freedoms of speech, religion, press, and right to participate in government  Adequate food, education, housing, health care  Job, safe working conditions, salary, own property Countries use human rights when writing laws Human Rights in USA pg. 10  Read and answer a-c  Discuss with class

12 Balancing Rights with Responsibilities With every right comes a responsibility  Trial by jury- serve on a jury  Democracy- vote  Attend school- _________________________ Just because you have the right to do something does not mean that you should  Freedom of speech- hateful/abusive words

13 Kinds of Laws Criminal Law  Public conduct in society  Punished by prison, fine, supervision  Felonies- punished by more than one year in prison  Murder, robbery  Misdemeanor- punished by less than one year in prison/fine  Assault, theft Civil Law  Argument between two people  Lawsuit for cash

14 Trial Defendant- person accused of crime Plaintiff- person harmed by defendant Prosecutor- lawyer helping plaintiff Beyond a reasonable doubt- every person on the jury must be certain the defendant committed the crime  One juror that believes the defendant is innocent will set the defendant free  Criminal Cases Preponderance of evidence- the evidence shows the defendant PROBABLY committed the crime  Civil Cases

15 Our Constitutional Framework Highest law in land Limited government  Checks and Balances Bill of Rights  First 10 Amendments Separation of powers  3 branches: executive (President), legislative (Congress), judicial (Supreme Court)

16 Legislative Branch Congress  Two houses: Senate and House of Representatives  Writes/Passes laws (Statutes)  Laws must pass both houses  Can override Presidential Veto with 2/3 vote

17 Executive Branch Veto- cancel a law written by Congress

18 Judicial Branch Judicial review- examines a law from Congress Unconstitutional- violates the Constitution and cannot exist  Congress does not have authority to pass law (State issue)  Federalism (State, Federal, Both Powers)  Congress passed a law that violates the Constitution

19 Chapter 1 Project Laws Human Rights Constitution The Bill of Rights protects our freedoms as American citizens. Using your book pg , list Amendments Then explain what human right is being protected by each Amendment. Then examine each Amendment again. Are there any laws that limit these rights? Explain the law and why the limit exists.

20 Example Chapter 1 Project 1 st Amendment: Freedoms of speech, religion, press, assembly, petition Human rights- worship god of choice, make complaints in order to make change Laws that limit those rights- no human sacrifices/abuse in the name of religion, cannot yell “Fire” in a movie theater, cannot print false statements about someone/business


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