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1861-1862.  First Bloodshed after Ft. Sumter  Lincoln wanted Richmond  Union came across Confederates at Bull Run  Both sides GREEN, seesaw battle.

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Presentation on theme: "1861-1862.  First Bloodshed after Ft. Sumter  Lincoln wanted Richmond  Union came across Confederates at Bull Run  Both sides GREEN, seesaw battle."— Presentation transcript:

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2  First Bloodshed after Ft. Sumter  Lincoln wanted Richmond  Union came across Confederates at Bull Run  Both sides GREEN, seesaw battle  Confederate Victory Stonewall Jackson reinforcements  Effects Confederate soldiers thought war was over, many went home Led Lincoln to call up 500,000 troops for 3 years

3  Ulysses S. Grant led Union troops into TN  Captured 2 forts on Strategic river positions Henry – Tennessee River Donelson – Cumberland River  Confederates forced to surrender

4  Grant gathered troops near Mississippi border but did not set up adequate camp  Confederates surprise attacked  Union troops close to disaster  Grant regrouped, forced Confederates to retreat  Effects: Confederate failure to hold KY-OH frontier Union strategy to take Mississippi might succeed Both sides taught lessons:  Send scouts, entrench, and fortify  Showed how bloody war was, ¼ of 100,000 casualties

5  David G. Farragut w/ 40 ships sent to take Confederate’s biggest port and largest city  April 24, ‘62 - Ran fleet past 2 forts firing guns  5 days later took New Orleans  Continued taking towns in Southern MS  Significance: Almost achieved goal of taking MS and cutting Confederacy in Two Still needed Port Hudson, LA and Vicksburg, MS

6  Plan to capture Richmond under General McClellan VERY CAUTIOUS LEADER  Met Robert E. Lee in series of battles to save Richmond 6/25 to 7/  Confederate Victory Fewer soldiers Unorthodox tactics Determination McClellan unnerved, retreated

7  Lee’s plan to attack D.C.  Met at 2 nd Battle of Bull Run  Confederate victory  allowed them to enter MD

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9  Union soldier found Lee’s army order laying at an old camp ground, showed armies separated  McClellan attacked Lee aggressively  Effects Bloodiest single day battle (26,000 casualties) Confederates retreated, McClellan DID NOTHING! McClellan fired by Lincoln


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