Presentation on theme: "Assessment of Waste-to-Energy Potential in Saudi Arabia as Electricity Source & Environmental Protection Measure Dr. Omar K. M. Ouda Civil Engineering."— Presentation transcript:
1Assessment of Waste-to-Energy Potential in Saudi Arabia as Electricity Source & Environmental Protection MeasureDr. Omar K. M. OudaCivil Engineering Department, College of Engineering Prince Mohamed Bin Fahd University, Saudi Arabia
2Global Perspectives of Waste-to-Energy. Content.Introduction.Global Perspectives of Waste-to-Energy.Municipal Solid Waste Management in Saudi Arabia.Potential Contribution of Waste-to-EnergyEnvironmental Values of Waste-to-Energy.
3IntroductionIn 2013 world population was about 7.2 billion and is projected to increase by 1 billion by the year 2025.Population growth and associated with increase in standard of living and urbanization levels will come with an ever-increase in Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation and energy demand.Current global MSW generation level is 1.3 billion tons/year, and is forecasted to reach about 2.2 billion tons/year in 2025.
4Global Perspectives of Waste-to-Energy Waste to Energy (WTE), are being utilized globally as environmental protection measures and energy renewable source.WTE is a proven and efficient option to handle the MSW disposal challengesWTE also can contribute to global energy demand.
5Global Perspectives of Waste-to-Energy. Global Current and Forecasted Value of WTE Market
6Municipal Solid Waste Management in Saudi Arabia KSA population has increased from 7 million in 1975 to about 27 million in 2010 with an annual rate of 3.4%.
7Municipal Solid Waste Management in Saudi Arabia Municipalities are governing MSW management in Saudi Arabia.The current MSW practices in Saudi Arabia is to collect t and dump in landfills or dump sites.A few initiatives for MSW recycling are in place in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.These initiatives are in small scale and their contributions are not well documented.KSA MSW wastes consists of 37% organic materials, 28.5% paper, 5.2% plastics, 8.3% mineral, 4.6% glass, 8% wood, 6.4% textile, and 2% others.
8Municipal Solid Waste Management in Saudi Arabia In July 2013, the Saudi Cabinet approved new MSW management regulations.The new regulations aims to ensure the implementation of an integrated framework for MSW management in the country.In 2010, the government initiated the King Abdullah City of Atomic and Renewable Energy (KACARE).KACARE is proposing an impressive plan for renewable energy utilization that includes WTE facilities.The two decade plan includes production of up to 54 GW from nuclear and renewable energy sources.
9Potential of WTE in Saudi Arabia. To assess the potential of WTE in KSA two scenarios were developed:Mass Burn with Recycling.Mass Burn.The Mass Burn scenario implies full utilization of MSW for WTE production.Mass Burn with Recycling assumes removal of all potentially recycled materials from the waste stream and utilizing the remaining MSW for WTE production.The potential electricity generation of the two scenarios were calculated based on:MSW generation forecast up to the year 2032MSW CompositionsCaloric values of each materials
10Potential of WTE in Saudi Arabia Mass Burn with Recycling
11Potential Contribution of Waste-to-Energy in Saudi Arabia. Mass Burn
12Potential Contribution of Waste-to-Energy in Saudi Arabia. The Mass Burn with Recycling scenario result shows a potential to produce about 166 (MW) of electricity by the year 2032.This value forms about 0.14% of the 120 GW peak electricity demand in 2032.The figure shows the potential to produce about 2073 Megawatt (MW) of electricity from MSW by the year 2032.This value forms about 1.73% of the 120 GW peak electricity demand for that terminal year.The Mass Burn scenario can produce 12 times WTE electricity more than the Mass Burn with Recycling scenario.
13Environmental Values of WTE in Saudi Arabia The Environmental value of the two Scenarios were estimated based on EPA USA approach.Three Environmental criteria were consideredEnergy savingNet greenhouse gas emission reductionLandfills area reductionsThe Environmental value for KSA and per city for the major six cities up to year 2032 will be forecasted.
14Environmental Values of WTE in Saudi Arabia Energy Reduction Forecast based on Mass Burn with Recycling Scenario
15Environmental Values of WTE in Saudi Arabia Energy Reduction Forecast based on Mass Burn Scenario
16Environmental Values of Waste-to-Energy Facilities in Saudi Arabia Net greenhouse gas reduction in MTCE per ton of material for the two scenariosMaterialsWaste Composition %Mass Burn with Recycling(MTCE/ton of MSW)Mass BurnPaper28.50.290.10Plastic5.20.02-0.01Glass4.6Wood80.040.01Textiles6.40.13Organic37.0Others10.30.06Total (MTCE/ton)0.980.610.18
17Environmental Values of WTE in Saudi Arabia Landfill Area Forecast Based on complete landfilling
18Environmental Values of WTE in Saudi Arabia Landfill Area Saving Forecast Based on Mass Burn With Recycling Scenario
19Environmental Values of WTE in Saudi Arabia Landfill Area Saving Forecast Based on Mass Burn Scenario
20The results show WTE has great potential in the Kingdom. ConclusionThe results show WTE has great potential in the Kingdom.WTE can be a good contributor to electricity supply in the Kingdom.The Environmental Values are tremendous.
21To get a copy of the publications, please visit my website : Ouda, O.K.M., Cekirge, H. and Syed, R., “An assessment of the potential contribution from waste-to-energy facilities to electricity demand in Saudi Arabia”. Energy Conversion and Management. Vol. 75 (2013), ppOuda. O. K. M. and Cekirge, H. M.,” Potential Environmental Values of Waste-to-Energy Facilities in Saudi Arabia”, The Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering (AJSE). Vol. 39. No. 2, (2014), ppTawabini B.S., Ouda, O.K.M., Raza, S.A. (2014). Investigating of Waste to Energy Potential as a Renewable Energy Resource in Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia, 5th International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste( VENICE 2014) November 2014, Venice, Italy.Aga O., Ouda, O.K.M., Raza, S.A. (2014), Investigating Waste to Energy Potential in the Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia, Renewable Energy for Developing Countries (REDEC 2014), November 26-27, 2014, Beirut, Lebanon.Al-Waked R., Ouda, O.K.M., Raza, S.A. (2014), Potential Value of Waste‐to‐Energy Facility in Riyadh City- Saudi Arabia, the Eighth Jordanian International Mechanical Engineering Conference (JIMEC 8), September 22-23, 2014, Amman, Jordan.Ouda, O.K.M. and Raza, S.A. (2014). Waste-to-Energy: Solution for Municipal Solid Waste Challenges- Global Annual Investment, 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Technology Management and Emerging Technology (ISTMET), May 27-29, 2014, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.To get a copy of the publications, please visit my website :