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1 Introduction Kim Erickson, President 612-750-1335 Engineered Solid Fuel.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Introduction Kim Erickson, President 612-750-1335 Engineered Solid Fuel."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Introduction Kim Erickson, President Engineered Solid Fuel

2 2 Background Waste Processing Technology Study The Technology - ESF Target Zero – To Landfill Kim Erickson, President Engineered Solid Fuel Contents

3 3 Currently Operate Two Processing Facilities Which Convert Non-Hazardous Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Into A Fuel Source Called Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) Annually -830,000 Tons Of MSW Subscribed -740,000 Tons Of MSW Processed -625,000 Tons Of RDF Generated -31,000 Metals Recovered & Recycled -Waste Shed Serviced Already Has A Mature Recycling Program In Place Engineered Solid Fuel Background

4 4 Annually (Continued) -RDF Supplied To Power Plants Generates Enough Green Electricity To Power 55,000 Homes Annually -Supply Three Power Plants – Xcel Energy (two) & Great River Energy Engineered Solid Fuel Background

5 5 My Role -Drive Operational Efficiencies, In Light Of/Anticipation Of Declining County Financial Support, To Maintain Viability Of The Existing Business -Research Waste Processing Technologies For A Practical & Capable Alternative To The RDF Model Engineered Solid Fuel Background

6 6 Not Married To Any One Technology Goal - Leading Edge, But Proven Technology (risk adjusted) Objectives -High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions -Multiple End-Users -Stable, Consistent, Transportable Fuel Properties -Value Add Product -Environmentally Friendly Operations -No Bonding, No Subsidies – Stand Alone Engineered Solid Fuel Waste Processing Technology Study

7 7 Discovered That There Is No Silver Bullet / One Size Fits All Technology For All Waste Streams Best Use Modeling Reduction – Problematic Waste Gasification – Biomass, Homogeneous Waste Feedstock Anaerobic Digestion – Food & Animal Waste, Homogeneous Waste Feedstock Solid Fuel Combustion - Residential & Light Commercial Waste (MSW) Engineered Solid Fuel Waste Processing Technology Study

8 8 Best Use Modeling Solid Fuel Combustion - Residential & Light Commercial Waste (MSW) -Mass Burn – Combustion Of Non Processed MSW To Generate On Site Steam And/Or Electricity (raw waste) -Refuse Derived Fuel – Combustion Of Processed MSW To Generate Electricity At Modified Power Plants (fluff or compressed pellet) -Engineered Solid Fuel – Combustion Of Highly Refined & Reformulated MSW Used As A Fuel Source By Potentially Any Coal Fired Combustor (extruded pellet) Engineered Solid Fuel Waste Processing Technology Study

9 9 Goal – Achieved….. -Leading Edge, But Proven Technology (risk adjusted) Objectives – All Achieved….. -High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions -Multiple End-Users -Stable, Consistent, Transportable Fuel Properties -Value Add Product -Environmentally Friendly Operations -No Bonding, No Subsidies – Stand Alone The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW

10 10 Goal – Achieved Leading Edge, But Proven Technology (risk adjusted) -Proprietary Processes (later explained) -First Plant Commenced Operations In The Summer ,000 Ton Facility In Vaughn, Ontario -Product Demand Exceeds Supply -Plant Designs To 600,000 Tons MSW -Satisfies All Technology Objectives Dongara The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW

11 11 Goal – Achieved Leading Edge, But Proven Technology (risk adjusted) The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW

12 12 Goal – Achieved Leading Edge, But Proven Technology (risk adjusted) The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW

13 13 Objectives – All Achieved High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Multiple End-Users Stable, Consistent, Transportable Fuel Properties Value Add Product Environmentally Friendly Operations No Bonding, No Subsidies – Stand Alone Dongara The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW

14 14 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions High Energy Content -Coal Substitute….But With Lower Emissions -Customer Specd To 12,000+ BTU -Homogeneous Feedstock -Complete Burn The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

15 15 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions – How Achieved….. -Processes Which Result In A Highly Refined & Reformulated MSW -Conventional Materials Separation (~RDF) -Advanced Materials Separation -Dramatically Reduced & Consistent Moisture Content -Introduction Of Low Emission Waste Stream Additives -120,000 +/- Tons For A 600,000 MSW Plant The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

16 16 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions – How Achieved….. -Conventional Materials Separation (~RDF) -Metals (ferrous & non-ferrous) -Non-combustibles The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

17 17 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions – How Achieved….. -Advanced Materials Separation -Remove Unacceptable Plastics Which Spike Emissions -Utilize Optical Sensors -Currently Can Identify 128 Grades Of Plastics -Remove Fines From Improperly Disposed Electronic Equipment & Batteries (transition (heavy) metals) - = Lower Emissions The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

18 18 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions – How Achieved….. -Dramatically Reduced & Consistent Moisture Content -High Moisture Content Requires More Fuel Combustion To Attain Required Energy Output = Higher Emissions -Inconsistent Moisture Content Results In Incomplete Burn; Incomplete Burn = Higher Emissions -Processed Metro MSW Moisture Content Ranges From <5% To 40%+ -ESF Specd At A Constant 8% = Lower Emissions The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

19 19 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions – How Achieved….. -Introduction Of Low Emission Waste Stream Additives -Utilization Of Select Plastics Ensures -High BTU Fuel -Homogeneous Fuel -Low Emissions Fuel -Contracted Separately From MSW Stream -Generally Would End Up In Landfills The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

20 20 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions -Emissions Certifications In Progress -Cement Kilns -Green Houses -Results Showing Dramatically Reduced SOX, NOX & CO2 -Low To Substantially No Sulfur -NOX Lower Than Coal Mixture -CO2 Lower Than Coal Mixture The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

21 21 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions -Have Conducted In Depth Analysis For Three States Of Interest Having Strict Standards -Exceed State Requirements The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

22 22 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions -Exceed Requirements Of Customer Coal Mixture -Of Particular Interest -Sulfur -Mercury -Lead -Chromium The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

23 23 High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions Low Emissions – Chemical Analysis - Elements Measured AntimonyChromiumSilver ArsenicLeadThallium BariumMercuryVanadium BerylliumNickelZinc CadmiumSeleniumSulfur The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

24 24 Multiple End-Users Coal Fired Combustors -Primary Target -Deemed To Be The Highest Emitter Of Greenhouse Gases Gasification Projects -Near Perfect Homogeneous Feedstock The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

25 25 Multiple End-Users Potentially Any Coal Fired Combustor -Cement Kilns – ESF In Use -Power Plants -Green Houses – ESF In Use -Ethanol Plants -Pulverized – ESF In Use -Chunk / Briquette – ESF In Use -Low To Substantially No Chlorine (covalent compound) The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

26 26 Stable, Consistent, Transportable Fuel Properties Stable -Shelf Life Of Months / Years -Virtually No Odor Consistent -Specd To Customer Requirements -Reliable Supply – Inventory Reserves Addresses MSW Supply Volatility Transportable -Trade Region Similar To Coal -Piggyback Coal Transportation Infrastructure The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

27 27 Value Add Product 500,000 Ton MSW ESF Facility -~5 MW Power Input Translates Into MW Power Output Homogeneous With Coal But With Dramatically Lower Emissions -Value To End User? Self-Explanatory….. The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

28 28 Environmentally Friendly Operations Operations Are Common To Transfer & Recycling Facilities -Essentially A Transfer Station -Mated To A Sorting & Recycling Plant -Zero Processing Emissions -Power Source Solely Electricity -No Thermal Processing -No Ground Contamination Risk -Not A User Of Water, But A Net Generator Of Water The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

29 29 Environmentally Friendly Operations Operations Are Common To Transfer & Recycling Facilities -All Commodities Are Transported Off Site -ESF -Recyclables -Reusable's The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW – Objectives All Achieved

30 30 Zero Processed MSW To Landfill -ESF -Metals Recycled -Unacceptable Plastics Recycled -Non-Combustibles For Concrete Products The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Target Zero

31 31 Goal – Achieved….. -Identify A Leading Edge, But Proven Technology Objectives – All Achieved….. -High Energy Content Fuel With Low Emissions -Multiple End-Users -Stable, Consistent, Transportable Fuel Properties -Value Add Product -Environmentally Friendly Operations -No Bonding, No Subsidies – Stand Alone Target Zero Waste To Landfill The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW

32 32 Dongara Kim Erickson, President The Technology - Engineered Solid Fuel (ESF) Best Use For MSW


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