Presentation on theme: "High Level Sub-regional Consultation on Advancing Action on Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in Southeast and Northeast Asia 19 August 2014, Bangkok,"— Presentation transcript:
High Level Sub-regional Consultation on Advancing Action on Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in Southeast and Northeast Asia 19 August 2014, Bangkok, Thailand Dr. Mushtaq Ahmed MEMON Facilitator
SLCPs from the solid waste management sector Black Carbon (fine particles in aerosol form) Most strongly light-absorbing component of particulate matter Formed by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass Emissions patterns and trends vary significantly across regions, countries and sources An aerosol (not a greenhouse gas) Remains in the atmosphere for as little as a few days to a week before falling to the surface Methane (gas) Landfill gas comprises ~50% methane and ~50% CO 2 Global warming potential of 25 (100-year time horizon), relative to CO 2 Anthropogenic – formed as a result of management of waste from humans Black carbon and methane are the second and third largest contributors to global warming after carbon dioxide Because of their short lifetimes (e.g. days to weeks for black carbon), reducing emissions now can result in near-term climate benefits
1.Reduce waste generation 2.Address open burning 3.Promote organic diversion programs: composting and anaerobic digestion 4.Use landfills as final disposal options and enhance landfill operations - promote methane recovery 5.Institute recycling programs 6.Improve waste collection 7.Implement sustainable financing systems How do we reduce SLCPs in the solid waste management sector?
Municipal Solid Waste Initiative Long-term goal Reduce emissions in participating cities and replicate and scale up through national policies
Joining the Initiative
Aim : bolster cities’ capacities to reduce SLCPs across the municipal solid waste sector - three main activities : Assessing & Implementing Capacity Building Convening The CCAC MSW Initiative Identify and quantify SLCP emissions reduction opportunities
Around 25 cities are implementing actions and more are joining Mentoring partnerships established Knowledge platform launched Emissions quantification tool under development Financing models under development First Successes
The Road Ahead -City Assessments Develop Work Plans Implement Work Plans -Regional Training + Knowledge Platform -Emissions Quantification Tool -Pilot RB/OB Financing -Increase city-to-city collaboration and networking / City Exchanges -Increase national links and replication of best practices to scale up impact
Assessment of the Potential to Reduce SLCPs Waste Quantity, Composition & Gaps Population *Data source / year Waste Quantity Tons/year *Data source / year Waste Quantity Kg/day/capit a *Data source / year Composition % organic % paper % metals % others Gaps *Collection *Dumping *Open burning *Recycling *Recovery *Landfill gas Current2030Current2030Current203Current2030 National level Name of Country City Level City A (Name of City) City Level City A (Name of City)
Potential areas for intervention Define Solid Waste Management Systems Municipal Solid Waste Management Industrial Solid Waste Management Hazardous Solid Waste Management Separate Data Collection for Each System Policies Laws Regulations Economic Tools Enforcement Municipal Solid Waste ManagementIndustrial….Hazardous… Institutions Institutional Framework Jurisdiction Resources Linkages Financing Mechanism Fees / Taxes Levies Subsidies Support Technology Transportation Treatment Disposal Recycling Recovery Stakeholders’ Participation Waste Generators Service Providers (Private Sector) Government Primary Disposal by Waste Generators Collection and Transportation Treatment and Disposal Reuse, Recycling and Recovery Source Reductions / “Upstream”
1.Challenges 2.Lessons learned 3.Best practices Key areas for discussions!
1.Suggestions on co-benefits of waste management for reducing SLPCs, health, environment and resources for growth and jobs 2.Suggestions on political profile raising at national and city level 3.Suggestions on stakeholder engagement from inception to implementation 4.Suggestions on cross-linkages with other CCAC initiatives such as diesel engines (waste collection and landfill operations), household cooking and domestic heating (waste to energy), national planning for actions (national waste management strategies), financing mitigation of SLCPs (financing for waste management), agriculture (waste agricultural biomass), and regional assessments Ideas from the Group!
1.National governments (name of the countries) sees as waste management as a high priority agenda – thus requesting CCAC for support 2.National and local governments recommend the following cities to develop waste management plans assisted by CCAC-MSWI Name of the cities 3.National and local governments recommend the following cities as collaborative cities Name of the cities 4.All the stakeholders recommend interactive multi- stakeholder mechanism to develop and implement the work plans aiming to reduce SLCPs Suggestions from the Group!
Partnerships, Partnerships and Partnerships! Thank You…