Presentation on theme: "The Process of Siting and Approving a New Landfill in Ontario"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Process of Siting and Approving a New Landfill in Ontario BY KYRA BRENNAN
2 Overview Introduction Legislation Involved of Site Selection Regulatory Requirements for Certificate of Approval:Design SpecificationsBuffer AreaEnvironmental AssessmentsOperationsLimitations & ConcernsVideoQuestions
3 IntroductionPurpose of landfills existing for health and economic reasons recently began to include environmental awarenessLegislative Acts passed in 1990’s to regulate waste managementEnvironmental Protection Act (EPA), Regulation 347, 232/98
4 Legislation Certificate of Approval Ministry of the Environment (MOE)Distributes Certificate of Approval for alterations, establishment or expansion of landfill.Environmental Protection Act (EPA)Situating and approving landfill sites regulated by EPA and EAA (347, 232/98)Landfill sites and waste management activities are subject to Part V, must comply with mandatory precautions and assessments.Certificate of ApprovalDefines size of site, type of waste, conditions for design and operation .Process refines landfill standards if necessary.
5 Regulatory Requirements Design SpecificationsVary depending on the size of proposed site, municipal/privately ownedApplies only to landfills with non-hazardous wasteBuffer ZoneAllows for contaminant attenuationLandfill owner must own it, may contain roads, site services, building, etc.Environmental AssessmentsHydrogeological, surface water and groundwater assessmentsNecessary to properly design site, map water flows and leachate
6 The proposal must explain in detail a design that will account for the landfill from start to finish. Specific elements of the design include:The proposed site boundaries, buffer area, waste fill area and contours, surface water control works, on-site roads and structures, and final cover designThe design of any liner and leachate collection system or landfill gas control works needed for the siteMonitoring facilities for groundwater, leachate and surface waterA contingency plan for leachate controlSite closure and post-closure care requirements (MOE, 1998)D E S I G N
7 B U F F E R Z O N E Buffer Zone: area surrounding the landfill Provides pace for monitoring, maintenance and environmental controlAtleast 100 meters wide at all areas (Certificate of Approval process can reduce space to 30 meters)Area for potential effects of landfill to be caught before outside of buffer zone. Potential effects are:Surface runoffLitterVectorsLeachateSubsurface migration of landfill gasAesthetic effectsB U F F E R Z O N E
8 Site specific designs or generic designs. HYDROGEOLOGICAL Soil/Bedrock samples, measurement of groundwater level and quality, interpretation of groundwater flow and contour plans identifying unstable areas.SURFACE WATER Includes any water within the vicinity and any water which may receive discharge. Assessment if site is suitable based on extensive list of monitoring parameters and water conditions.GROUNDWATER Fundamental element to plan because costly & difficult if gone wrong and often primary source of water supply.Site specific designs or generic designs.A S S E S S M E N T S
9 Other Criteria Other criteria that must be met in the design proposal: Leachate disposal and contingency plansSurface water controlSubsurface migration of landfill gasesEmissionsDesigns for engineered facilitiesNoiseOperation and maintenance proceduresFinancial assurance
10 Operations Site Preparation Record Keeping Operations Report Public Liaison CommitteeBurning/ScavengingLeachate MonitoringDaily/Final CoverFinal SlopesClosure ReportAnnual Post-Closure Report
12 Conclusion Efforts must be made to accommodate the waste, divert more waste from landfills,and begin the process of reducing the overallquantity of waste generated.Thank You
13 ReferencesCanada. Government of Ontario. Environmental Assessment process requirements for certain waste management sites. By Environmental Registry. Ministry of Environment, 2007.Chesed, Mindorff. The Process for Citing and Approving a New Landfill in Ontario. Rep. Brock University, 2006.Environmental Assessment Act. Guide to Environmental Assessment Requirements for Waste Management Projects. By Legislative Authority. Government of Ontario, 2007.Environmental Commissioner of Ontario. 2007/08 Annual Report - Getting to K(No)w. Rep. Speaker of Legislative Assembly, 2008.International LTD, RIS. The Private Sector IC&I Waste Management System in Ontario. Rep. Ontario Waste Management Association, 2005.Lawson, Oates. Status of Disposal Capacity in Ontario and Exports to the US. Rep. Toronto: SWMS, 2006.Ministry of the Environment. Landfill Standards: A Guideline on the Regulatory and Approval Requirements for New or Expanding Landfilling Sites. Government of Ontario, 1998.Unknown Author. "Landfill Sites in Northwestern Ontario: Issues and Opportunities." Review. Workshop Summary 2 MarUnknown Author. "The Environmental Impacts of Ontarioâ€™s Small and Aging Landfills â€“ Who Is Keeping Track?" ECO Issues. Feb <http://www.ecoissues.ca/wiki//index.php?title=The_Environmental_Impacts_of_Ontario%E2%80%99s_Small_and_Aging_Landfills>.Willms, John. "How Planning Act Strategies Can Compensate for MOE Laissez Faire." Municipal World (1998).