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EAST VERSUS WEST- A GLOBAL DIVIDE & A COLD WAR: CAUSES & COURSE.

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Presentation on theme: "EAST VERSUS WEST- A GLOBAL DIVIDE & A COLD WAR: CAUSES & COURSE."— Presentation transcript:

1 EAST VERSUS WEST- A GLOBAL DIVIDE & A COLD WAR: CAUSES & COURSE

2 Cold War  Russia-source of fear to W. Capitalist World  Russia & U.S.-were allies during WW II  Soviet Union & U.S.-sharply opposed, conflict seemed inevitable

3 Cold War-Military Conflict  In 1946, W. Churchill said: “An iron curtain has descended across the Continent... I am convinced there is nothing they [the communists] so much admire as strength, and there is nothing for which they have less respect than weakness, especially military weakness."

4 Cold War-Military Conflict  “Iron curtain”-watchword of the CW  CW-the state of political tension & military rivalry-U.S./Allies Vs. SU/Allies  Initial arena of CW was Europe  Europe was bitterly divided, particularly in Berlin; but no shooting war occurred between the 2 sides

5 China  1949-Mao Zedong proclaimed the est. of the People's Republic of China  China & SU-were sharply opposed due to territorial disputes, ideological differences & for communist leadership  They were at the brink of war in the late 60s

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7 Cold War  Soviet insistence on security/control in E. Europe clashed w/Am & British desires for democratic societies & capitalism  NATO & Warsaw Pact-an Am sphere of influence in W. Europe & an imposed Soviet sphere in E. Europe

8 NATO (blue) And WARSAW PACT (red)

9 Cold War  Communism into Asia globalized the CW & led to destructive "hot wars“  N. Korea invaded S. Korea in 1950  Chinese & Am. involvement ( )

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11 Cuban Missile Crisis  Fidel Castro came to power in 1959, his nationalization of Am. assets provoked great U.S. hostility  Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev deployed nuclear-tipped missiles to Cuba  World held its breath for 13 days as Am. forces blockaded the island & prepared to invade (Oct. 62’)

12 Cuban Missile Crisis  A nuclear exchange between superpowers seemed imminent  Catastrophe averted by Khrushchev & U.S. President John F. Kennedy  Compromise-Soviets remove missiles from Cuba in return for an Am. promise not to invade the island

13 on Share on twitterShare on facebookShare on diggon Share on twitterShare on facebookShare on digg| More Sharing Services More More Sharing Services More Francis J. Gavin | October 26, 2012

14 Arms Race In Nuclear Weapons  U.S. gets bomb in 1945, SU in 1949  In 40 years a global arsenal of close to 60,000 warheads  Delivery sys-bomber aircraft & missiles  One bomb can destroy any major city in the world

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16 Vietnam  Military efforts by S. Vietnamese communists & the communist N. Vietnamese govt to unify their country prompted massive Am. intervention in the 60s, peaking at 550,000 U.S. troops  Armed & supported by the Soviets & Chinese the Vietnamese communists bested the Americans.  The Vietnamese united their country under communist control by 1975

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19 Afghanistan  A third major military conflict of the CW era occurred in Afghanistan  ( )-war a "bleeding wound," sustained by U.S. aid to Afghan guerrillas  In Vietnam & Afghanistan, both superpowers painfully experienced the limits of their power

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