Presentation on theme: "Ch. 21 East versus West: A Global Divide and a Cold War"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 21 East versus West: A Global Divide and a Cold War Chelsea Jeanson-HamSocial Studies Education
2 Minnesota Standards13. Post-World War II geopolitical reorganization produced the Cold War balance of power and new alliances that were based on competing economic and political doctrines. (The World After World War II: )22. Post-World War II United States was shaped by an economic boom, Cold War military engagements, politics and protests, and rights movements to improve the status of racial minorities, women and America’s indigenous peoples. (Post- World War II United States: )2. Historical inquiry is a process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.
3 Learning Objectives The students will: Analyze the primary document Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each sideOutline the goals of the U.S and Soviet UnionDescribe the major eventsUnderstand the outcome of the cold war and its lasting effects
4 Who's side are they from?What is the message?Why might that be important to their war effort?
5 The Beginnings Communist regimes brought revolutionary change Launched global conflictWestern capitalist fear communismAllies during WWIIMajor powersOpposing views of history, society, and international relations
6 Military Conflict and the Cold War Soviet asserts control in Eastern Europe, but U.S and G.B want open and democratic societies that will be part of capitalist economyNATOWarsaw Pact“Iron Curtain” – divide in Berlin
7 Document: Churchill's “Iron Curtain Speech” Why does Winston Churchill feel that he can speak freely to the audience?How did the two sides of the iron curtain differ from each other?What is his tone?Based on his speech what should be the next step the U.S takes?What is his opinion of Russia? How does this differ from what we think of today?
8 Communism extends to Asia ChinaMaoKoreaNorth invades south in 1950American and Chinese involvementStill dividedVietnamEfforts to unify by communistsMassive American invasionProtest at home“Hot wars”America fears domino effectAfghanistan
9 Cuban Missile Crisis Fidel Castro came to power in 1959 U.S pressure pushed closer to sovietsConsidered revolution MarxistWin for soviets – no army neededNikita Khrushchev secretly deployed missiles to Cuba to stop U.S interventionAmericans blockade island – invasionFear of nuclear exchangeCompromise between Kennedy and Khrushchev
10 Nuclear Standoff and Third World Rivalry Arms race for nuclear weapons60,000 warheadsMore accurateSmall amount could reduce a major city to rubble, chaos, and possible extinctionBoth sides aware – avoidBoth try to attract countries with military and economic aid, educational opportunities, political pressure, and covert action.
12 The Cold War and the Superpowers - America Emergence of America as global super powerContainment“Imperial” presidency and “National Security state”Increasing middle classProductive economySent capital abroad 19 billion to 81 billion in 1965Culture spread globally
13 The Cold War and the Superpowers – Soviet Emphasis on military and defense industriesPropaganda vilifies U.SMore conflictInvade Hungary and CzechoslovakiaSuppression of reforms gave credit to the other sideTriumph in Vietnam
14 Paths to the End of Communism Mao dies in 1976Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985Disintegrate Soviet Union in 1991Stagnant economiesViolenceStalin's terrorPgWhat did people experience?Why might he use these tactics?
15 China: Abandoning Communism and Maintaining the Party Deng Xiaoping becomes leaderWants political stability and economic growthDismantle collectivized farming and return to small scaleState enterprises given more authorityWelcomed foreign investmentProduce food, clothing, and building materialsMassive corruption, overcrowding, pollution, etc.
16 The Soviet Union: The Collapse of Communism and the Country Tackle economic stagnation, black markets, apathy, and cynicismFreeing enterprises, cooperatives, private farming, some foreign investmentGlasnost policy – cultural and intellectual freedomGorbachev makes cuts in forces and negotiations with U.SFurther declineDemocracy movement1989 miracle year
17 Conclusions Ending to 45 years of war Goals of both sides Communism shrinksNorth Korea todayOpening with CubaContradictions