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What countries were called “super powers” following WWII?

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Presentation on theme: "What countries were called “super powers” following WWII?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What countries were called “super powers” following WWII?


3 In 1946, Winston Churchill described this as coming down across Europe. It separated the nations in the “Soviet sphere” from the capitalistic democracies of the West

4 The Iron Curtain 1946

5 Countries that were in supposedly independent but in actuality were told what to do and how to do it by the Soviet Union

6 Satellite States

7 The effort to block Soviet influence by making alliances and supporting weaker nations.

8 1950: April 17 Containment

9 a policy set forth by the U.S. President Harry S Truman stating that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere. Historians often consider it as the start of the Cold War.

10 1947, March 12th Truman Doctrine

11 An economic and political power struggle from 1945 to 1989 between the democratic ideals of the United States and the communist government of the Soviet Union.

12 The Cold War

13 Why would it be called the “Cold” War?

14 It was “cold” in that the Soviet and U.S. armies never directly fought each other.

15 Massive program of American aid to help European nations rebuild after World War II. Helped solidify western European opposition to the Soviet Union

16 1947, June Marshall Plan

17 On May 14, 1948, at 4:00 p.m., the leaders of the Jewish community in what was then called Palestine gathered to declare the establishment of an old/new country. What was the country?

18 Israel 1948, May 14

19 One day after Israel had become a nation, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia declared

20 1948, May 15 War on Israel

21 American and British joint effort to supply residents of West Berlin with food and other necessities after the Soviet Union blockaded the small, free enclave in the middle of East Germany.

22 Berlin Airlift 1948, June 24 – 1949, May 11th

23 In 1949, the United States and 11 other Western nations to formed a defensive alliance to protect Western Europe against an invasion by the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance in 1955. What were these two alliances known as?


25 For two decades the Chinese Nationalist government led by Chiang Kai-shek opposed the Communist forces led by this man

26 1945-1949 Mao Zedong

27 By 1949, Mao Zedong and the Communists had chased Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists to this island off of China’s coast

28 Taiwan

29 At the end of World War II. Japanese forces in Korea surrendered to the Soviet Union in the north and to the United States in the South. Two nations developed in Korea, they were separated by this

30 The 38 th Parallel

31 North Korea became this type of nation

32 Communist

33 In June of 1950, North Korea invaded

34 South Korea

35 The United Nations agreed to help south Korea. Troops from 16 nations – most of them American – were sent to South Korea. They were led by this man

36 General Douglas MacArthur

37 A ceasefire went into effect in 1951. Dwight Eisenhower was elected with a promise that he would end the fighting. In 1953 an armistice was assigned which established this a dividing line between North and South Korea

38 38 th Parallel

39 The United States and the Soviet Union both began making more and more nuclear weapons. The nuclear build up by both sides became known as this

40 The arms race

41 June 22, 1950-1953

42 ____________- a defense treaty between eight communist states in Eastern Europe, which was established at the USSR’s initiative 1955


44 May,1961 May 1961 - President Kennedy sends 400 American Green Beret 'Special Advisors' to South Vietnam to train South Vietnamese soldiers in methods of 'counter-insurgency' in the fight against Viet Cong guerrillas.

45 1961


47 1962

48 President Kennedy ordered the Soviets to remove their missiles and for several days the world was on the brink of nuclear war. Eventually, the Soviet leadership “blinked” and removed their missiles.

49 In Africa, Senegal, Ghana, Nigeria, Madagascar, and Zaire (Belgian Congo) gain independence.



52 August 2 nd, 1964

53 1975

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