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ADJECTIVES or ADVERBS used in describing trends or movements A D + V E R B S DEGREE OF CHANGE The oil prices rose sharply. SPEED OF CHANGE In November.

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Presentation on theme: "ADJECTIVES or ADVERBS used in describing trends or movements A D + V E R B S DEGREE OF CHANGE The oil prices rose sharply. SPEED OF CHANGE In November."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADJECTIVES or ADVERBS used in describing trends or movements A D + V E R B S DEGREE OF CHANGE The oil prices rose sharply. SPEED OF CHANGE In November the oil prices started falling abruptly. A D J E C T I V ES+ NOUNS DEGREE OF CHANGE There was a sharp increase in the price of gold. SPEED OF CHANGE The stock markets saw an abrupt decrease in the ratings.

2 VerbsadverbsNouns (a/an) adjectives to increase to grow to rise to improve to go up dramatically considerably significantly sharply substantially moderately slightly an increase a growth a rise an improvement an upturn dramatic D considerable E significant G sharp R substantial E moderate E slight to decrease to fall to drop to decline to go down abruptly, suddenly, rapidly, quickly, steadily, slowly e gradually… a decrease a fall a drop a decline a downturn abrupt S sudden P rapid E quick E steady D slow gradual TO GO UP OR DOWN A LITTLE grow, rise, increase – not followed by “up” fall, drop, decrease – not followed by “down”

3 ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB? There was a CONSIDERABLY / CONSIDERABLE fall. It fell SLIGHT / SLIGHTLY. There was a SLIGHT / SLIGHTLY upturn. The government decreased taxes MODERATE/ MODERATELY. They reported a DRAMATICALLY / DRAMATIC downturn.

4 MAKE ADVERBS. rapid quick slight moderate dramatic considerable substantial gradual steady wonderful

5 MAKE ADVERBS. rapid quick slight moderate dramatic considerable substantial gradual steady wonderful rapidly quickly slightly moderately dramatically considerably substantially gradually steadily wonderfully

6 Since 1998, the use of broadcast TV has fallen sharply, going down from 950 to under 600 hours in just seven years. This figure levelled off slightly in 2002 with a slight decline of just 30 hours compared to a sharp fall of 70 hours the following year and reaching an all-time low of under 600 hours per year by At the beginning of 2005, the use of broadcast TV has abruptly risen, only to be followed by a gradual drop in the second quarter. Trends: by Verbs+Adverbs & Nouns&Adjectives

7 Since 1998, the use of broadcast TV has fallen sharply, going down from 950 to under 600 hours in just seven years. This figure levelled off slightly in 2002 with a slight decline of just 30 hours compared to a sharp fall of 70 hours the following year and reaching an all-time low of under 600 hours per year by At the beginning of 2005, the use of broadcast TV has abruptly risen, only to be followed by a gradual drop in the second quarter. HANDOUT: ELI Enrollments Verbs+Adverbs & Nouns+Adjectives Degree & speed of change

8 Since 1998, the use of broadcast TV has fallen sharply, going down from 950 to under 600 hours in just seven years. This figure levelled off slightly in 2002 with a slight decline of just 30 hours compared to a sharp fall of 70 hours the following year and reaching an all-time low of under 600 hours per year by At the beginning of 2005, the use of broadcast TV has abruptly risen, only to be followed by a gradual drop in the second quarter. Prepositions used to describe trends

9 Describing movements and prepositions to rise ______ 2 h ___ 5 h to increase _____ 35 % a decrease ____ 10 % an increase ____ 15% to decrease ____ 46% to fall _____ 20 % ____ 13 % to fall ____ $3 h ___ $2 h The company expects a 5% increase ___ sales. Sales stood ___ $1 m ___ The sales figures peaked ___ $1,000.

10 Describing movements and prepositions to rise from 2 h to 5 h to increase by 35 % / by 3 (from 2 to 5) an increase of 15% a decrease of 10 % to decrease by 46% / by 2 (from 10 to 8) to fall from 20 % to 13 % to fall from $3 h to $2 h The company expects a 5% increase in sales. Sales stood at $1 m in The sales figures peaked at $1,000. Careful: rast od 5% je an increase of 5% noun + of porasti za 5% nije to increase for 5% nego: to increase by verb + by

11 Prepositions:TO, OF, BY, FROM, IN, AT It will rise.... $5 and go.... $20. The price is stable $. This is an increase.... $5... the price. This is a $5 rise.... the price. Sales have grown... 2%.

12 Prepositions: TO, OF, BY, FROM, IN, AT It will rise BY $5 and go TO $20. The price is stable AT 15$. This is an increase OF $5 IN the price. This is a $5 rise IN the price. Sales have grown BY 2%.

13 Time prepositions onon Monday, on 23 March 2012 inin August / in winter in the morning in 2006 in an hour atat half past nine at night at the weekend sincesince 1980 forfor 2 years ago2 years ago beforebefore 2004 to / till / untilfrom Monday to/till Friday till / untilHe is on holiday until Friday. byI will be back by 6 o’clock. By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.


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