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DESCRIBING TRENDS OR MOVEMENTS IN GRAPHS/CHARTS. How to describe graphs and charts:

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Presentation on theme: "DESCRIBING TRENDS OR MOVEMENTS IN GRAPHS/CHARTS. How to describe graphs and charts:"— Presentation transcript:

1 DESCRIBING TRENDS OR MOVEMENTS IN GRAPHS/CHARTS

2 How to describe graphs and charts:

3 TRENDS AND MOVEMENTS  upward trend (e.g. increase)  stability (no change) (e.g. be stable)  change of directions (e.g. recover)  downward trend (e.g. fall) Language: nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, time adverbials, sentence structure

4 Such language is widely used in business …  Britain’s economy grew AT its slowest annual rate for 12 years in the second quarter.  A recent survey has reported the fastest-ever year-on-year sales decline.  Germany’s August sales fell for the third month in a row. (for the third consecutive month)

5 Such language is widely used in business …  A plunge IN sales was recorded in America.  Consumer confidence is declining sharply.  Wal-Mart’s sales increased BY 0.2% TO $76.8 bn in the second quarter.  Tesco’s sales were up 14% TO ₤18.8bn. (sales are up ≠ sales are down)  rising fuel costs / increasing household debt (falling...) (decreasing...)

6 NOUN VERB  increase  rise  growth  decrease  fall  decline  drop  fluctuation  increase  rise, rose, risen  grow, grew, grown  decrease  fall, fell, fallen  decline  drop, dropped, dropped  fluctuate

7 PREPOSITIONS  to rise from $1m to $2m  to increase (by) 100%  an increase of 100%  to fall from $2m to $1m  to decrease (by) 50%  a decrease of 50% A rise in sales, a fall in profits,... Sales are at last year’s level.The price is at €2.5 per litre.

8 Verbs describing trends (Study next slide and fill in the chart) RISE ↗ FALL ↘ NO CHANGE → CHANGE OF DIRECTION ∩ U

9 Verbs to use:  Level off  Rise  Remain constant  Hold steady  Drop  Reach a high  Climb back  Plunge  Decline  Fluctuate  Reach a low  Recover  Reach a peak/Peak  Falter  Go up  Increase  Slump  Boom  Flatten out  Escalate  Stabilize  Collapse  Slip back  Soar  Rocket  Crash  Grow  Fall  Bottom out  Pick up  Go down  Decrease  Decline

10 Intensity Adjectives and adverbs (MK p.185/186) e.g.  to rise suddenly/ a sudden rise in  to drop sharply / a sharp drop in  fall slightly / a slight fall in  to decrease moderately/ a moderate decrease in...

11 Guidelines to describe a chart (Reader):  Describe the general trend e.g. A downward trend is noticed in the retail sales in  When did it peak/reach a low?  Time: In what period...? For how long....? e.g. in the period between March and June 2005, in the first quarter of 2005, in the second half of 2005, for three consecutive months...  How intensive/quick was the change?

12 Back to describing graphs and charts:

13 Graph description (see next slide for analysis)  In the period between Feb 1999 and Jan 2000, an upward trend was recorded in the growth rate of retail sales peaking at x% at the end of the observed period. Having reached a low towards the end of January 1999, retail sales started rising in February, slipped back in March and remained stable at X% throughout April. A sharp increase to X% is visible in early May followed by an abrupt drop to X% in June. Retail sales climbed back to X% in July. They went up mildly in August and continued rising in September.

14 1.Italics: intensity/speed (How fast/intensive is the change?) 2.Underlined – time adverbials (When?) 3.Red - trend (up/down?, changed direction?) 4.Blue – prepositions  In the period between Feb 1999 and Jan 2000, an upward trend was recorded in the growth rate of retail sales peaking at x% at the end of the observed period. Having reached a low towards the end of January 1999, retail sales started rising in February, slipped back in March and remained stable at X% throughout April. A sharp increase to X% is visible in early May followed by an abrupt drop to X% in June. Retail sales climbed back to X% in July. They went up mildly in August and continued rising in September….


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