2TSWBAT read, analyze AND explain primary resource (roman laws) and compare and contrast them to American laws.Date: Monday December 9Warm-Up: Quiz; Check worksheets and review answersActivity: read p. 149 (Roman Law) quietly at your seats; read one of the Roman laws and write a one paragraph answerRoman Laws explanations paragraph Due TuesdayCurrent AssignmentsGreek NewspaperPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
3Date: Tuesday December 10 TSWBAT read, analyze AND explain primary resource (roman laws) and compare and contrast them to American laws.Date: Tuesday December 10Warm-Up: using your worksheet from Friday, draw a diagram or chart of the Roman Political Structure (see page for help); we will discuss theseActivity: read one of the Roman laws and write a one paragraph answer thoroughly explaining the law AND one paragraph comparing that law to one in the United States (do your best to compare!!)Roman Laws explanations paragraph Due TuesdayCurrent AssignmentsGreek NewspaperPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
4Who to include in the diagram: Roman senatePatriciansPlebeiansConsulsPraetorsCouncil of Plebs (assembly)Centuriate (assembly)Soldiers
5Date: Wednesday December 11 TSWBAT discuss and define what causes a conflict; locate Carthage on a map; explain how, why, and when the Punic Wars occurred and the significance of these warsDate: Wednesday December 11Warm-Up: TURN IN 12 TABLES! StapleWrite in your notes:In your opinion, what causes conflict?Explain the location of Carthage using a map (p. 150)On p. 150 read and answer questions 1 &2Activity: PPT and notes on Punic WarsCurrent AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
6Roman ExpansionAfter their conquest of Italy, Romans faced the state of CarthageWho did the Romans have to conquer first?What continent if Carthage located?The Phoenicians founded Carthage on the Coast of North AfricaCarthage had an enormous trading Empire with colonies stretching from Spain to SicilyCarthage was the largest and Richest state in the area
7Punic WarsWhy do you think a conflict arose between Rome and Carthage?The First Punic Wars:The presence of the Carthaginians in Sicily (an island close to the Italian Coast) made the Romans fearful.
8First Punic Wars, Con’tBoth the Romans and the Carthaginians were determined to control Sicily.The Romans built a large naval fleet knowing they could not take over Sicily (an island) without a navyIn 241 BCE, the Romans defeated the Carthaginians and Sicily became the first Roman province.The Carthaginians vowed revenge.
9First Punic Wars:What was the RESULT of the First Punic Wars?
10The beginning of the Second Punic Wars To make up for lost lands in Sicily, the Carthaginians decided to add new lands in Spain.The Romans encouraged one of Carthage’s Spanish allies to revolt.In response, the greatest Carthaginian general, HANNIBAL, struck back beginning the Second Punic Wars.
11Second Punic WarsHannibal, the general of the Carthaginians brought the fight to Rome this time by crossing over the Alps with 46,000 men, horses, and elephants.The Alps took a toll on the Carthaginian army; most of the elephants died, but the remaining army was still extremely dominantThe Romans made a big mistake and met the Carthaginian army head on---The Roman army lost 40,000 men.
12Second Punic WarsAfter defeating the Roman army, Hannibal conquered surrounding areas in Italy; however he did not have enough men or equipment to take over any major cities.The Roman army began to recover from its loss and eventually reconquer the cities that had been taken by Hannibal.By 206 BCE, the Romans had pushed the Carthaginians completely out of Italy and Spain.
13Second Punic WarsTo ensure that Hannibal left Rome, the Romans invaded Carthage while Hannibal was in Spain.The Romans knew that Hannibal would retreat back to Carthage (in Africa)Having the upper hand now, the Romans crushed Hannibal’s armySpain became a Roman ProvinceRome was now the dominant force in the western Mediterranean world
14Second Punic WarsWhat was the result of the Second Punic Wars?
15Third Punic WarsFor years, wealthy and powerful Romans had wanted Carthage destroyed.In 146 BCE it was destroyed; for ten days Romans burned and destroyed the city and sold all inhabitants into slavery.The territory of Carthage became a Roman province called Africa
16Third Punic Wars What was the result of the Third Punic wars? What was the historical and cultural significance of the Roman destruction of Carthage?
17Date: Thursday December 12 TSWBAT define, explain, analyze, and compare and contrast events and people of the Roman EmpireDate: Thursday December 12Warm-Up: Complete worksheet “The End of the Punic Wars”(read and answer)Activity: Complete section 1 review (1-7) on page 151; this will be graded and discussed!Current AssignmentsSection review due tomorrow!QUIZ Monday on (Section 1)- Roman Republic and ExpansionPast Due AssignmentsRoman LawsWhat do I need for class today?BookBinderPen/pencil
18After you read article, answer these questions (write out questions): 1. who was Scipio?2. Why was he elected Consul?3. Why did Carthage break the truce with Rome?4. Explain the battle of Zama5. What happened to Carthage after the war6. Who rules Carthage?7. How many people were sold into slavery?
19Date: Friday December 13 QUIZ Monday (Section 1) Book Binder TSWBAT evaluate their answers to the review; explain the importance of Hannibal and make comparisons to their own life experiences.Date: Friday December 13Warm-Up: Review and discuss all answers to section 1 review; review answers to quizzesActivity: Viewpoint Description of Punic Wars wks; reminder: quiz MONDAY!QUIZ Monday (Section 1)Current AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
20TSWBAT evaluate their understanding of Rome thus far; survey, define, and explain vocabulary and he Gracchus BrothersDate: Monday December 16Warm-Up: 5 minutes to silently review for the quizActivity: AFTER THE QUIZ, complete p. 152 content vocab and p. 153 Gracchus Brothers activity to prepare for next sectionCurrent AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
21Date: Tuesday December 17 TSWBAT explain the first Roman Triumvirate; create a flow chart explaining Julius Caesar’s rise to powerDate: Tuesday December 17Warm-Up: review vocab and Gracchus Brothers questionsActivity: First Triumvirate PPT; partner activityMake up quizzes tomorrow in class!Current AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
22From a Republic to an Empire By the second century BCE, the Roman Senate became the real governing bodyThe Senate was controlled by a small circle of wealthy and powerful families.The backbone of Rome had always been the small farmers; however over time, these farmers lost their lands to the wealthy and became the landless poor of RomeTwo brothers, Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus urged the Council of Plebs to pass land-reform bills that would give land back to the small farmers (now the landless poor)
23Republic to an EmpireMany senators, themselves large landowners whose estates included large areas of public land, were furious with the brothers idea.A small group of Senators killed the brothers for their reform ideasThis opened the door for instability and violence in the Roman Empire
24Republic to an EmpireFor the next 50 years (82-31 BCE), Roman history was characterized by civil wars as many individuals competed for power.Turn to page 154: read the short primary resource passage by the Roman historian Sallust and summarize that in your own words.What does this passage tell you about the Roman Empire at this time in history?
25First TriumvirateThree men emerged as victors from the civil wars and power struggles:Crassus: known as the richest man in RomePompey: was military heroJulius Caesar: controlled military command in SpainThe combined wealth and power of those three men was enormous and enabled them to dominate the political scene and achieve their goals.
26First TriumvirateIn 60 BCE Caesar joined with Crassus and Pompey to form the First TriumvirateA government ruled by three people with equal powerPompey received command in SpainCrassus received command in SyriaCaesar was granted special military command in France
27First TriumvirateIn 53 BCE Crassus was killed in battle, which left only Pompey and Caesar to rule.The Senate feared Caesar’s rising popularity with the people and decided to make Pompey the sole leader; they voted for Caesar to lay down his command.Caesar refused; he had a strong army of loyal veterans willing to fight for himCaesar led a march on Rome starting civil war between him and PompeyPompey was defeated and Caesar took complete control.
28Caesar takes total control Caesar was made dictator (absolute ruler)in 45 BCEReforms:Caesar gave land to the poorIncreased the senate to 900 membersHe filled the Senate with his supportersBy increasing the number of Senate members, he WEAKENED the power of the SenateGave citizenship to supporters from the provincesIntroduced the solar calendarMade plans for building projects and military campaigns to the east
29The Fall of Caesar Many senators saw Caesar as a dictator In 44 BCE, a group of prominent Senators assassinated him.Questions: Answer these with a partner1. How long was Caesar in power?2. How long was he dictator?3. Why do you think he is the most well known Roman leader?4. Make a list of events that put Caesar into absolute power of Rome
30Date: Wednesday December 18 TSWBAT analyze the people in history and explain the second triumvirateDate: Wednesday December 18Warm-Up: Page 155, read about Julius Caesar and Augustus and answer questions.How were Caesar’s personal qualities important to his successWhat qualities helped Augustus bring stability and peace to RomeActivity: Second Triumvirate worksheet; time to begin video of RomeMake up quizzes today!!Current AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
31Date: Thursday December 19 TSWBAT analyze a video; describe Julius Caesar and the Roman Republic at this timeDate: Thursday December 19Warm-Up: where did we leave off yesterday?Activity: Video activityCurrent AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?
32Date: Friday December 20 Warm-Up: review from yesterday TSWBAT analyze a video; describe Julius Caesar and the Roman Republic at this timeDate: Friday December 20Warm-Up: review from yesterdayActivity: complete video activity!Happy Holidays!Current AssignmentsPast Due AssignmentsBookBinderPen/pencilWhat do I need for class today?