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ACT III Literary Elements of Julius Caesar William Shakespeare Julius Caesar.

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Presentation on theme: "ACT III Literary Elements of Julius Caesar William Shakespeare Julius Caesar."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACT III Literary Elements of Julius Caesar William Shakespeare Julius Caesar

2 Julius Caesar, Act III RHETORICAL DEVICES AND OTHER TERMS TO KNOW

3 Antistrophe Definition: the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses Example: repetition of the phrase “Brutus is an honourable man.” Act III, scene ii

4 Antithesis Definition: juxtaposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction Example: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more.” Act III, scene ii

5 Aposiopesis Definition: a sudden breaking off in the midst of a speech/sentence, as if from inability or unwillingness to proceed. Example: “Bear with me; My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar, And I must pause till it come back to me..” Act III, scene ii

6 Appeals: Emotional/Pathos Definition: persuading by appealing to the reader/listener's emotions Example: Antony, “Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it; It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you. You are not wood, you are not stones, but men; And, being men, bearing the will of Caesar, It will inflame you, it will make you mad: 'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs; For, if you should, O, what would come of it!”

7 Appeals: Logical/Logos Definition: persuading by the use of reasoning/logic Example: Brutus’s speech

8 Appeals: Ethical/Ethos Definition: Appeal based on the credibility or character of the speaker Example: Brutus’s speech, “believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe…”

9 Asyndeton Definition: Figure of omission in which normally occurring conjunctions (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) are intentionally omitted in successive phrases, or clauses; a string of words not separated by normally occurring conjunctions. Example: "Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils, Shrunk to this little measure?" Act III, scene ii

10 Epimone Definition: frequent repetition of a phrase or question; dwelling on a point Example: "Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him I have offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any speak; for him have I offended.” Act III, scene ii

11 Eulogy Definition: formal speech of praise, usually associated with a funeral Example: Antony’s speech, Act III, scene ii

12 Metonymy Definition: substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is meant (e.g., "crown" for royalty) Example: "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.” Act III, scene ii

13 Paralepsis Definition: emphasizing a point by seeming to pass over it Example: "Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it. It is not meet you know how Caesar lov'd you." Act III, scene ii

14 Parallelism Definition: similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses Example: “ Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so vile that will not love his country? If any, speak; for him have I offended.” Act III, scene ii

15 Polysyndeton Definition: the deliberate and excessive use of conjunctions in successive words or clauses (opposite of asyndeton) Example: “ For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth, Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech, To stir men's blood….” Act III, scene ii

16 Rhetorical Question Definition: a figure of speech in the form of a question posed for its persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply Example: “ Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?” Act III, scene ii

17 Verbal Irony Definition: a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant Example: “ For Brutus is an honourable man; So are they all, all honourable men” Antony’s entire speech in Act III, scene ii


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