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Presentation on theme: "Scheme."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scheme

2 Scheme An artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words

3 Trope

4 Trope An artful deviation from the ordinary significance of a word

5 Parallelism

6 Parallelism Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses [adds balance, rhythm and clarity]

7 Climactic Parallelism

8 Climactic Parallelism
The arrangement of w/p/c in an order of increasing importance, often in parallel structure.

9 Isocolon

10 Isocolon A series of similarly structured elements having the same length, emphasizing similarity of elements.

11 Antithesis

12 Antithesis Contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction [useful for making distinctions or for clarifying differences which might be otherwise overlooked by a careless thinker or casual reader]

13 Juxtaposition

14 Juxtaposition A device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, especially for comparison or contrast [often creates an effect of surprise and wit]

15 Paradox

16 Paradox A self-contradictory statement that reveals a deeper truth

17 Oxymoron

18 Oxymoron Placing two ordinarily opposing terms adjacent to one another

19 Listing

20 Listing A series of items one after the other, designed to create a feeling of plenty

21 Ellipsis

22 Ellipsis Omission of a word or shot phrase easily understood in context

23 Asyndeton

24 Asyndeton Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words, often resulting in a hurried rhythm or vehement effect. (the counterpart to polysyndeton) [often used for strong and direct climactic effect]

25 Paralepsis

26 Paralepsis Emphasizing a point by seeming to pass over it [allows the speaker to make the listener assume a difficult point]

27 Rhetorical Question

28 Rhetorical Question A question that does not need to be answered, because the answer is obvious, and is usually just yes or no [used to provoke the audience to your conclusion]

29 Rhetorical Fragment

30 Rhetorical Fragment A sentence fragment [used deliberately for persuasive purpose]

31 Repetition

32 Repetition A device in which words, sounds, and ideas are used more than once [used to enhance rhythm and to create emphasis]

33 Synonymia

34 Synonymia The use of several synonyms together to amplify or explain a subject or term

35 Anadiplosis

36 Anadiplosis Repetition of a word (or phrase) from the previous line, clause, or sentence at the beginning of the next. [next for emphasis of a main idea]

37 Anaphora

38 Anaphora Repetition of a word, phrase, group of words at the beginning of successive clauses

39 Epanalepsis

40 Epanalepsis Repetition at the end of a line, phrase, clause or sentence of the word that occurred at the beginning of the same line, phrase, clause, or sentence [calls special attention to a word]

41 Epimone

42 Epimone Frequent repetition of a phrase or question; dwelling on a point

43 Epistrophe

44 Epistrophe Repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses [adds emphasis to an important concept]

45 Parenthesis

46 Parenthesis Insertion of some word or clause in a position that interrupts the normal syntactic flow of the sentence (asides are emphatic examples of this) [creates the effect of immediacy: you are relating some fact when suddenly something very important arises, or else you cannot resist an instant comment, so you just stop the sentence]

47 Polysyndeton

48 Polysyndeton The repetition of conjunction in a series of coordinate words, phrases, or clauses, often slowing the tempo or rhythm [used to attempt to encompass something complex, highlight quantity or mass of detail or to create flowing, continuous sentence pattern]

49 Chiasmus / Antimetabole

50 Chiasmus / Antimetabole
A sentence strategy in which the arrangement of ideas in the second clause in a reversal of the first

51 Stichomythia

52 Stichomythia Dialogue in which the endings and beginnings of each line echo each other, taking on a new meaning with each new line

53 Zeugma

54 Zeugma The use of a verb that has two different meanings with objects that complement both meanings

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