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Julius Caesar, Act III Rhetorical devices and other terms to know Rhetorical devices and other terms to know.

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Presentation on theme: "Julius Caesar, Act III Rhetorical devices and other terms to know Rhetorical devices and other terms to know."— Presentation transcript:

1 Julius Caesar, Act III Rhetorical devices and other terms to know Rhetorical devices and other terms to know

2 Antistrophe  Definition: the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses  Example: repetition of the phrase “Brutus is an honourable man.” Act III, scene ii  Definition: the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses  Example: repetition of the phrase “Brutus is an honourable man.” Act III, scene ii

3 Antithesis  Definition: juxtaposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction  Example: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more.” Act III, scene ii  Definition: juxtaposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction  Example: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more.” Act III, scene ii

4 Aposiopesis  Definition: a sudden breaking off in the midst of a speech/sentence, as if from inability or unwillingness to proceed.  Example: “Bear with me; My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar, And I must pause till it come back to me..” Act III, scene ii  Definition: a sudden breaking off in the midst of a speech/sentence, as if from inability or unwillingness to proceed.  Example: “Bear with me; My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar, And I must pause till it come back to me..” Act III, scene ii

5 Appeals: Emotional/Pathos  Definition: persuading by appealing to the reader/listener's emotions  Example: Antony, “Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it; It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you. You are not wood, you are not stones, but men; And, being men, bearing the will of Caesar, It will inflame you, it will make you mad: 'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs; For, if you should, O, what would come of it!”  Definition: persuading by appealing to the reader/listener's emotions  Example: Antony, “Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it; It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you. You are not wood, you are not stones, but men; And, being men, bearing the will of Caesar, It will inflame you, it will make you mad: 'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs; For, if you should, O, what would come of it!”

6 Appeals: Logical/Logos  Definition: persuading by the use of reasoning/logic  Example: Brutus’s speech  Definition: persuading by the use of reasoning/logic  Example: Brutus’s speech

7 Appeals: Ethical/Ethos  Definition: Appeal based on the credibility or character of the speaker  Example: Brutus’s speech, “believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe…”  Definition: Appeal based on the credibility or character of the speaker  Example: Brutus’s speech, “believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe…”

8 Asyndeton  Definition: Figure of omission in which normally occurring conjunctions (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) are intentionally omitted in successive phrases, or clauses; a string of words not separated by normally occurring conjunctions.  Example: "Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils, Shrunk to this little measure?" Act III, scene ii  Definition: Figure of omission in which normally occurring conjunctions (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) are intentionally omitted in successive phrases, or clauses; a string of words not separated by normally occurring conjunctions.  Example: "Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils, Shrunk to this little measure?" Act III, scene ii

9 Epimone  Definition: frequent repetition of a phrase or question; dwelling on a point  Example: "Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him I have offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any speak; for him have I offended.” Act III, scene ii  Definition: frequent repetition of a phrase or question; dwelling on a point  Example: "Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him I have offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any speak; for him have I offended.” Act III, scene ii

10 Eulogy  Definition: formal speech of praise, usually associated with a funeral  Example: Antony’s speech, Act III, scene ii  Definition: formal speech of praise, usually associated with a funeral  Example: Antony’s speech, Act III, scene ii

11 Metonymy  Definition: substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is meant (e.g., "crown" for royalty)  Example: "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.” Act III, scene ii  Definition: substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is meant (e.g., "crown" for royalty)  Example: "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.” Act III, scene ii

12 Paralepsis  Definition: emphasizing a point by seeming to pass over it  Example: "Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it. It is not meet you know how Caesar lov'd you." Act III, scene ii  Definition: emphasizing a point by seeming to pass over it  Example: "Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it. It is not meet you know how Caesar lov'd you." Act III, scene ii

13 Parallelism  Definition: similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses  Example: “ Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so vile that will not love his country? If any, speak; for him have I offended.” Act III, scene ii  Definition: similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses  Example: “ Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so vile that will not love his country? If any, speak; for him have I offended.” Act III, scene ii

14 Polysyndeton  Definition: the deliberate and excessive use of conjunctions in successive words or clauses (opposite of asyndeton)  Example: “ For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth, Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech, To stir men's blood….” Act III, scene ii  Definition: the deliberate and excessive use of conjunctions in successive words or clauses (opposite of asyndeton)  Example: “ For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth, Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech, To stir men's blood….” Act III, scene ii

15 Rhetorical Question  Definition: a figure of speech in the form of a question posed for its persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply  Example: “ Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?” Act III, scene ii  Definition: a figure of speech in the form of a question posed for its persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply  Example: “ Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?” Act III, scene ii

16 Verbal Irony  Definition: a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant  Example: “ For Brutus is an honourable man; So are they all, all honourable men” Antony’s entire speech in Act III, scene ii  Definition: a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant  Example: “ For Brutus is an honourable man; So are they all, all honourable men” Antony’s entire speech in Act III, scene ii


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