Presentation on theme: " A review of subject pronouns Subject/verb agreement The present tense of the two verbs in Spanish that are not interchangeably used to express “being”"— Presentation transcript:
A review of subject pronouns Subject/verb agreement The present tense of the two verbs in Spanish that are not interchangeably used to express “being”
The infinitive verb forms (unconjugated) of the verb “to be” are “ser” and “estar.” In order to use these verbs in a sentence, they must agree with a subject (must be conjugated). Verb conjugation requires understanding subject (personal) pronouns.
Singular (one person) Yo = I Tú = You (friendly, informal) Ud. (usted) = You (polite, formal) Él = He Ella = She Plural (2 or more people) Nosotros/Nosotras = We (Anyone + I) Vosotros/Vosotras = You all (friendly, informal) Uds. (Ustedes)= You all (friendly and polite) Ellos = They (all males or males and females) Ellas = They (all females)
VOSOTROS USTEDES (UDS.) The vosotros plural form is used only in parts of Spain. Latin Americans do not use this. Tú + Tú = Vosotros * Vosotras is only used to speak to all females. In Latin America (and in my class) ustedes (Uds.) is used as the plural form of you in all circumstances. (polite and friendly) Tú+ Tú= Uds. Tú + Ud.= Uds. Ud. + Ud.= Uds.
In Spanish, there is no subject pronoun stated for “It.” The subject “It” is implied by using the verb form used for Ud./él/ella without a subject pronoun. Ud. es interesante. You are interesting. Él es interesante. He is interesting. Ella es interestante. She is interesting. Es interesante. It is interesting.
Yo estoy= I am Nosotros estamos = We Tú estás = You are Vosotros estáis= You are Ud. está = You are Uds. están = You are Él está= He is Ellos están = They are Ella está = She is Ellas están = They are
Yo soy = I am Nosotros somos = We are Tú eres = You are Vosotros sois = You are Ud. es = You are Uds. son = You are Él es = He is Ellos son = They are Ella es = She is Ellas son = They are
ESTARSER Emotional feelings Physical feelings (health) The location of people, places, and things To form the present progressive tense With adjectives, to express the temporary state of someone or something To identify something or someone To state the time of day To state the day or date The state location of an event To state origin with “de” To state possession with “de” To link a subject to a predicate nominative (renaming the subject) nationality profession religion With adjectives, to state permanent characteristics