2ALONG THE NILEA long time ago, what is now the Sahara Desert, was a green plain with water and wildlife.Over time the changed and it became a DESERT.People left the area to look for water and went to Egypt.
3ALONG THE NILE The Nile River runs through Egypt. The Nile River Valley was a swampland filled with dangerous animals.The people cleared the land because they needed water badly.
4ALONG THE NILELike the Sumerians, the people of Egypt built a civilization along the Nile River.They learned to farm, tame animals, make pottery & tools & weave.
5ALONG THE NILE Each year, in July, the Nile River flooded. This left the land very fertile.
6ALONG THE NILE Farmers dug canals to irrigate their fields. Once the flood was over, farmers would plant their seeds in the rich, soft land.
7LOWER & UPPER EGYPT2 kings ruled Egypt—one ruled Lower Egypt, the other ruled Upper Egypt.Lower Egypt—red crownUpper Egypt—white crown
8LOWER & UPPER EGYPT The 2 kings fought to control all of Egypt. King Menes, the king of Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt.He wore a “double” crown & ruled all of Egypt.
9LOWER & UPPER EGYPTKing Menes became the 1st PHARAOH, meaning “The Great House.”Pharaohs were powerful rulers.
10LOWER & UPPER EGYPT Pharaohs collected TAXES from all people. Farmers had to give pharaohs a large part of their crops as a tax.
11THE PYRAMIDSPharaohs wanted everyone to remember how rich & powerful they were.Some had statues & tombs built for them.
12THE PYRAMIDS When pharaohs died, their bodies were placed in tombs. All the pharaohs favorite things were placed in the tomb.They believed they would need those things in the next world.
13THE PYRAMIDS Pharaohs were buried in tombs called PYRAMIDS. Many are still standing today.They are considered one of the wonders of the world.
14THE PYRAMIDSThe most famous pyramid is the Great Pyramid near Cairo, Egypt.Larger than 10 football fields!Took 400,000 menworking everyday for20 years to complete.
15How do the pyramids serve as a record of Egyptian civilization? WHAT DO YOU THINK?How do the pyramids serve as a record of Egyptian civilization?
16CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING Why did people settle along the Nile River?What did the pyramids represent?Why did the pharaohs want all of their favorite things buried with them?
17EGYPTIAN MUMMIESEgyptians used special chemicals to keep the dead body from rotting away.The brains & organs had to be removed.Then the body was wrapped in cloth bandages.
18EGYPTIAN MUMMIES Bodies wrapped in these bandages were called MUMMIES. There are mummies on display in museums today.
19EGYPTIAN LIFE & RELIGION Egyptians were concerned about the way they looked.Egyptian women wore long, dark hair and many braids and ringlets.
20EGYPTIAN LIFE & RELIGION Both men & women wore make-up.Lips painted red; eyes drawn black using kohl.Both men & women likedperfume.
21EGYPTIAN INVENTIONSThe Egyptians invented a system of picture-writing called HIEROGLYPHICS.They made paper from river reed called PAPRYUS.
22EGYPTIAN INVENTIONS Egyptians learned to chart the stars. They also decided that there were 365 days in a year.
23Other gifts from the Egyptians: *jewelry *tools *weapons *music *ships EGYPTIAN INVENTIONSOther gifts from the Egyptians:*jewelry*tools*weapons*music*ships