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ANCIENT EGYPT: LAND OF THE PHARAOHS NOTES. ALONG THE NILE   A long time ago, what is now the Sahara Desert, was a green plain with water and wildlife.

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Presentation on theme: "ANCIENT EGYPT: LAND OF THE PHARAOHS NOTES. ALONG THE NILE   A long time ago, what is now the Sahara Desert, was a green plain with water and wildlife."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANCIENT EGYPT: LAND OF THE PHARAOHS NOTES

2 ALONG THE NILE   A long time ago, what is now the Sahara Desert, was a green plain with water and wildlife.   Over time the changed and it became a DESERT.   People left the area to look for water and went to Egypt.

3 ALONG THE NILE   The Nile River runs through Egypt.   The Nile River Valley was a swampland filled with dangerous animals.   The people cleared the land because they needed water badly.

4 ALONG THE NILE   Like the Sumerians, the people of Egypt built a civilization along the Nile River.   They learned to farm, tame animals, make pottery & tools & weave.

5 ALONG THE NILE   Each year, in July, the Nile River flooded.   This left the land very fertile.

6 ALONG THE NILE   Farmers dug canals to irrigate their fields.   Once the flood was over, farmers would plant their seeds in the rich, soft land.

7 LOWER & UPPER EGYPT   2 kings ruled Egypt—one ruled Lower Egypt, the other ruled Upper Egypt.   Lower Egypt—red crown   Upper Egypt—white crown

8 LOWER & UPPER EGYPT   The 2 kings fought to control all of Egypt.   King Menes, the king of Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt.   He wore a “double” crown & ruled all of Egypt.

9 LOWER & UPPER EGYPT   King Menes became the 1 st PHARAOH, meaning “The Great House.”   Pharaohs were powerful rulers.

10 LOWER & UPPER EGYPT   Pharaohs collected TAXES from all people.   Farmers had to give pharaohs a large part of their crops as a tax.

11 THE PYRAMIDS   Pharaohs wanted everyone to remember how rich & powerful they were.   Some had statues & tombs built for them.

12 THE PYRAMIDS   When pharaohs died, their bodies were placed in tombs.   All the pharaohs favorite things were placed in the tomb.   They believed they would need those things in the next world.

13 THE PYRAMIDS   Pharaohs were buried in tombs called PYRAMIDS.   Many are still standing today.   They are considered one of the wonders of the world.

14 THE PYRAMIDS   The most famous pyramid is the Great Pyramid near Cairo, Egypt.   Larger than 10 football fields!   Took 400,000 men working everyday for 20 years to complete.

15 WHAT DO YOU THINK?   How do the pyramids serve as a record of Egyptian civilization?

16 CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING   Why did people settle along the Nile River?   What did the pyramids represent?   Why did the pharaohs want all of their favorite things buried with them?

17 EGYPTIAN MUMMIES   Egyptians used special chemicals to keep the dead body from rotting away.   The brains & organs had to be removed.   Then the body was wrapped in cloth bandages.

18 EGYPTIAN MUMMIES   Bodies wrapped in these bandages were called MUMMIES.   There are mummies on display in museums today.

19 EGYPTIAN LIFE & RELIGION   Egyptians were concerned about the way they looked.   Egyptian women wore long, dark hair and many braids and ringlets.

20 EGYPTIAN LIFE & RELIGION   Both men & women wore make-up.   Lips painted red; eyes drawn black using kohl.   Both men & women liked perfume.

21 EGYPTIAN INVENTIONS   The Egyptians invented a system of picture-writing called HIEROGLYPHICS.   They made paper from river reed called PAPRYUS.

22 EGYPTIAN INVENTIONS   Egyptians learned to chart the stars.   They also decided that there were 365 days in a year.

23 EGYPTIAN INVENTIONS   Other gifts from the Egyptians: *jewelry *tools *weapons *music *ships


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