Presentation on theme: "Raven Eagle By: Megan Daniels. ► Lived on Haida Gwaii, now known as the Queen Charlotte Islands, off the northern coast of British Columbia. ► Haida inhabited."— Presentation transcript:
► Lived on Haida Gwaii, now known as the Queen Charlotte Islands, off the northern coast of British Columbia. ► Haida inhabited Haida Gwaii until the end of the last ice age. ► One of the oldest populations in the New World. Haida Gwaii
► First traces of the Haida were roughly flaked stone tools. ► The Haida primarily hunted and fished and harvested shellfish.
► The Haida culture was divided into two social groups, or moieties, called Raven and Eagle. ► Marriages took place between a Raven and an Eagle. ► To determine which moiety you would be in depended on which your mother was.
► Each moiety was divided into 22-23 lineages, or families. ► It is very important to the owner’s status and association with designs.
► Believed in medicine people, who gained powers from supernatural beings. ► They would receive “powers” from the sun, moon, or the tundra's. ► Dress in a dancing blanket, and help cure people who were sick.
► When the time came parents would look for a mate for their child. ► Had to be someone from outside their village, and of equal rank. ► Gifts would be exchanges between the two families.
► Held by the father of a girl who has become a special age. ► He’d host a great feast and invite many people, like family, but mainly unmarried men. ► He’d save for this for a long time. At the end of the feast he would distribute his savings.
► Carved and decorated masks. ► Masks were used for ceremonies. ► Usually held in winter because there was little to do. ► Last as long as a month
Summer ► Usually went barefoot ► Stayed in and wore nothing except broad brim hats to protect eyes from sun Winter ► Leather moccasins ► Seal or deerskin leggings
► Wore skirts, tunics, or sarongs made from deer skin, or the soft inner bark of the cedar tree. ► Wore mask-like headdresses for special occasions.
► They wore headpieces were carved from wood and were decorated. ► Wore highly expensive chilkat blankets.
► They either walked or went by canoe ► Canoes were made of cedar trees. ► Outside was blackened by charring and oiling. ► Large canoes held 30 people, and small canoes were used to hunt and fish.
► Houses made out of cedar and spruce trees and used all parts of the tree. 8 m high, 9- 12 m wide, and 45 m long ► Hold around several hundred people. ► Fire pit in the middle and all slept around in on a platform.
► They had a political structure included commoners, slaves, and nobles. ► Nobles could hunt, commoners could hunt at a price, slaves had no rights. ► Social rank was very important.
► The Haida language is part of the Na-Dene family, no close relation to any other language. ► English Haida One Sgwáansang Two Sdáng Three Hlgúnahl Four Stánsang Five Tléihl Man Íihlangaa Woman Jáadaa