2ObjectivesDraw conclusions about tensions between the colonists and the British that led up to the Boston MassacreAnalyze the role of propaganda in the colonies
3Vocabulary Rebellion – open defiance of authority Propaganda – ideas of information intentionally spread to harm or help a causeCommittee of Correspondence – organization that spread political ideas and information through the colonies
4Trouble in Massachusetts 1768 Colonists were about to start a rebellion, British sent troops to Boston (Redcoats)Redcoats were there to occupy, or take control of citiesThe Redcoats were poor men who were rude, stole from local shopsCompeted for jobs that Bostonians wanted
5Tension in the Streets – March 5th 1770 A fight between Bostonians and soldiers broke outThey began throwing sticks and stones at the RedcoatsAfter one soldier was knocked down the Redcoats fired and killed 5 colonistsCrispus Attucks a dockworker who was part African part Native AmericanThis was known as the The Boston Massacre
6Spreading the News Colonial leaders used the killings as propaganda Paul Revere made a picture of a British officer giving orders to open fire on the crowdThe Massacre led to stronger boycotts on British goodsParliament repealed all the Townshend Acts taxes except the one on teaSamuel Adams revived the committee of correspondence and called for action against Britain
7Critical ThinkingHow did the Boston Massacre affect British policies and relations between both sides?
8Crisis in BostonBritish East India Company was vital to British economyColonial boycott nearly drove it out of businessTo save the company, Parliament passed the Tea Act
9Tea ActGave British East India Company total control of the market for tea in the coloniesMade it less expensive for colonists by taking away some taxColonists were still angry and did not want to pay any tax or told what they could buyColonists boycotted; did not let ships unload tea“We’ll part with our tea” – Daughters of Liberty
10A Tea Party: December 16th 1773 Despite warnings of trouble, the British East India Company still shipped tea to the colonies3 ships loaded with tea arrived to the Boston HarborAt midnight the Boston Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans and threw 342 chests of tea overboardThis became known as The Boston Tea Party
11Critical ThinkingWhy were American colonists especially angry with the Tea Act?
12Visual Open to page 118, what is being shown in this painting? How can you tell who the ships belong to?What is in the foreground of this painting?What does that tell you about the artists possible point of view?
13The Coercive Acts 1774Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party by passing the Coercive Acts (Coercive means to force someone to do something)Meant to punish the colonists for resisting authorityBanned town meetingsClosed Boston Harbor until they paid for the ruined teaStopped shipments of foodTried to cut Massachusetts off from other colonies; instead it brought all of them togetherColonists called them the Intolerable Acts
14Writing Skills Activity Read page 119 “The Intolerable Acts” and write a short 1-2 paragraph speech designed to persuade people to resist the Intolerable Acts. Be sure to use persuasive language and facts to back up your argument.
15ReviewAnger over the Boston Massacre prompted colonists to boycott British goods, which led Britain to repeal all but one of the Townshend Acts’ taxes and drove more colonists t call for resistance to British ruleColonists were angry about the Tea Act because they did not want to pay any tax or be told what they could buyAs a result of the Coercive Acts, the citizens of Boston had limited access to food and supplies that arrived by ship, town meetings were banned, and they had to provide shelter to British soldiers
16Close and ReflectWhat did you learn about Crispus Attucks? Why is he still remembered today as an important early American?