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Setting Goals SMART FITT Formula Rule of 10. S.M.A.R.T SPECIFIC – The goal must clearly state what is to be achieved, by whom, where and when it is to.

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Presentation on theme: "Setting Goals SMART FITT Formula Rule of 10. S.M.A.R.T SPECIFIC – The goal must clearly state what is to be achieved, by whom, where and when it is to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Setting Goals SMART FITT Formula Rule of 10

2 S.M.A.R.T SPECIFIC – The goal must clearly state what is to be achieved, by whom, where and when it is to be achieved. – Sometimes it may even state why that goal is important. – Not all of these questions will apply to every goal, but it is important to ask all the questions in order to assess how specific your goal is and make it as clear as possible.

3 MEASURABLE – Measurability applies to both the end result and the milestones along the way to attaining a goal. It answers the question of quantity – how much, how often, how many? The milestones are signs along the way that will tell you that you are on the right track to achieving your goal. – For instance, your ultimate goal may be to make 60,000 dollars in a year, but the milestones may be to make 5,000 dollars every month, which will add up to 60,000 in a year. So by focusing on making the 5,000 dollars every month you will ultimately reach your goal of 60,000 dollars. This makes the goal more attainable because it is easier to think of ways to make 5,000 dollars every month than 60,000 all at once. – It has been said that what cannot be measured cannot be managed. This is often true when it comes to goals. Sometimes it is difficult to measure a goal, but at such times there is usually an indirect measure that can be applied. S.M.A.R.T

4 ATTAINABLE – You should ensure that the goals you set are achievable. Firstly, you must believe that you can manage to do what you are setting out to do. If you set goals that are unbelievable even to yourself it is very unlikely you will achieve them. – Secondly, the goals must be possible, all things being equal. There is no point setting a goal to float in the air and defy gravity using only your mind, for instance. No matter how hard you try this won’t be achievable. – Be careful however, that you do not limit yourself based on what other people believe to be achievable or not. Set your own standards by understanding your own abilities, strengths and weaknesses.

5 S.M.A.R.T RELEVANT – Your goals must be relevant to what you want to achieve in the short term and the long term. Understanding your personal vision, mission and purpose is critical in this respect. – Sometimes you can be tempted to do something simply because it is easy and sounds great, only to discover later on that is has no long term importance to what you want to achieve as an individual. – Do those things that are most important and in line with your long term vision and mission

6 S.M.A.R.T TIME-BASED – This sometimes overlaps with the goal being Specific, but it aims to ensure that you put a time- frame to your goals. Someone said a goal is a dream with a time-frame to it. Simply deciding by when you want to achieve something can be a good motivator. – It can prevent you from procrastinating because you know that you are working to a deadline.

7 FITT Formula Frequency – Following any form of fitness training, the body goes through a process of rebuild and repair to replenish its energy reserves consumed by the exercise. The frequency of exercise is a fine balance between providing just enough stress for the body to adapt to and allowing enough time for healing and adaptation to occur... CardioRespiratory Training The guidelines for cardiorespiratory training (also called aerobic conditioning) is a minimum of three sessions per week and ideally five or six sessions per week. Experts suggest that little or no benefit is attained over and above this amount. Of course athletes often fall outside the suggested guidelines but even elite performers must give themselves time to rest. Resistance Training The frequency of resistance training is dependent upon the particular individual and format of the program. For example, a program that works every body part every session should be completed 3-4 days a week with a day's rest between sessions.resistance training – On the other hand, a program that focuses on just one or two body parts per session, in theory you could be completed as frequently as six days per week. Many bodybuilders follow such a routine. – Remember though, each time you complete a strenuous strength training session (regardless of the body part) you are taxing your body as a whole - including all the physiological systems and major organs.

8 INTENSITY – The second rule in the FITT principle relates to intensity. It defines the amount of effort that should be invested in a training program or any one session. Like the first FITT principle - frequency - there must be a balance between finding enough intensity to overload the body (so it can adapt) but not so much that it causes overtraining. – Heart rate can be used to measure the intensity of cardiorespiratory training. Workload is used to define the intensity of resistance training. Heart rate Cardio Respiratory Training Heart rate is the primary measure of intensity in aerobic endurance training. Ideally before you start an aerobic training program a target heart rate zone should first be determined. The target heart rate zone is a function of both your fitness level and age. Here's a quick method for determining your target heart rate...aerobic endurance training Heart Rate & Maximum Heart Rate Heart rate is measured as beats per minute (bpm). Heart rate can be monitored and measured by taking your pulse at the wrist, arm or neck. An approximation of maximum heart rate (MHR) can also be calculated as follows: MHR = age. Target Heart Rate For beginners a target heart rate zone of percent of their maximum of heart rate is a good place to start. So if, for example, you are 40 years old that gives you a predicted maximum heart rate of 180 ( ). Multiply 180 by 50% and 70% and your reach a target zone of 90bpm - 126bpm. For fitter, more advanced individuals, a target heart rate zone of percent of their maximum of heart rate may be more appropriate. Staying with the example above, that 40 year old now has a heart rate zone of 126bpm - 153bpm. There are limitations with heart rate and the heart rate reserve method, while no means flawless, may be a more accurate way to determine exercise intensity.heart rate reserve FITT Formula

9 Intensity Resistance Training For resistance training, workload is the primary measure of intensity. Workload can have three components: 1. The amount of weight lifted during an exercise 2. The number of repetitions completed for a particular exercise 3. The length of time to complete all exercises in a set or total training session – So, you can increase workload by lifting heavier weights. Or you could increase the number of repetitions with the same weight. Finally, you could lift the same weight for the same number of repetitions but decrease the rest time between sets. However, only increase the intensity using one of the above parameters. Do not increase weight and decrease rest time in the same session for example.

10 TYPE – The third component in the FITT principle dictates what type or kind of exercise you should choose to achieve the appropriate training response... – Cardio Respiratory Training Using the FITT principle, the best type of exercise to tax or improve the cardiovascular system should be continuous in nature and make use of large muscle groups. Examples include running, walking, swimming, dancing, cycling, aerobics classes, circuit training, cycling etc. – Resistance Training This is fairly obvious too. The best form of exercise to stress the neuromuscular system is resistance training. But resistance training does not neccessarily mean lifting weights. Resistance bands could be used as an alternative or perhaps a circuit training session that only incorporates bodyweight exercises.Resistance bandscircuit training FITT Formula

11 TIME – The final component in the FITT principle of training is time - or how long you should be exercising for. Is longer better? – Cardio Respiratory Training Individuals with lower fitness levels should aim to maintain their heart rate within the target heart rate zone for a minimum of minutes. This can increase to as much as minutes as fitness levels increase. Beyond the minute mark there are diminished returns. For all that extra effort, the associated benefits are minimal. This also applies to many athletes. Beyond a certain point they run the risk of overtraining and injury. There are exceptions however - typically the ultra-long distance endurance athletes. – In terms of the duration of the program as a whole, research suggests a minimum of 6 weeks is required to see noticeable improvement and as much as a year or more before a peak in fitness is reached. – Resistance Training The common consensus for the duration of resistance training session is no longer than minutes. Again, intensity has a say and particularly grueling strength sessions may last as little as minutes. – Perhaps the most important principle of training (that ironically doesn't have it's own letter in the FITT principle) is rest. Exercising too frequently and too intensely hinders the body's ability to recover and adapt. As a rule of thumb, the harder you train, the more recovery you should allow for. Unfortunately many athletes don't have that luxury! FITT Formula

12 Rule of 10 The 10 percent rule states: never increase your weekly mileage by more than 10 percent as compared to the previous week. Let's say you're starting off with running 10 miles (two miles each day). Check out the chart below to see how many miles you should increase each week. Most people run about 12 to 20 miles a week, so you can stop increasing once you reach your weekly mileage amount.

13 Rule of 10 How to Use the 10 Percent Rule Increasing the intensity, time or type of activity too quickly is one common reason for sport injury. To prevent this, many fitness experts recommend that both novice and expert athletes follow the ten percent rule, which sets a limit on increases in weekly training. This guideline simply states that you should increase your activity no more than 10 percent per week. That includes distance, intensity, weight lifted and time of exercise. – For example, if you are running 20 miles per week and want to increase, adding 2 miles the next week follows the 10 Percent Rule. If you are lifting 50 pounds and want to increase, add 5 pounds the next week to follow the 10 Percent Rule. – If you are a beginning exerciser, 10 percent may be too much, and a 5 percent increase per week may be much more comfortable; for others, 10 percent may be too little. If you aren't sure of your ability or if you experience any aches or pains, simply modify your increases accordingly.

14 Rule of 10 Amount for 10% increaseTotal Weekly Mileage Week 1starting point10 miles Week 21 mile11 miles Week 31.1 miles12.1 miles Week 41.2 miles13.3 miles Week 51.3 miles14.6 miles Week 61.5 miles16.1 miles Week 71.6 miles17.7 miles Week 81.8 miles19.5 miles Week 92 miles21.5 miles Week miles23.7 miles Week miles26.1 miles Week miles28.7 miles


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