Presentation on theme: "The Women Who Have Made us Proud 10 th G, Chapter 7 - English."— Presentation transcript:
The Women Who Have Made us Proud 10 th G, Chapter 7 - English
AGENDA: Famous Women Freedom Fighters India attained freedom on 15 th August 1947 after more than a decade of freedom struggle by thousands of patriotic leaders In this lesson, we are going to read about the contributions of a number of dedicated women freedom fighters
Pritilata Waddedar (5 May 1911 – 23 September 1932) A Bengali revolutionary nationalist. Participated in Chittagong armoury raid on 18 April 1930 to raid the armoury of police and auxiliary forces from the Chittagong armoury Brave Pritilata (dressed as Punjabi male) led a 15 man team of revolutionaries in a 1932 attack on the Pahartali European Club in Chittagong, which had a sign board that read "Dogs and Indians not allowed”. A trust named Birkannya Pritilata Trust (Brave lady Pritilata Trust) has been founded in her memory Consumed Cyanide to avoid death and insult from British
Aruna Asif Ali (July 16, 1909 – July 29, 1996) On August 8, 1942, the All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India resolution in Bombay session. The government arrested all the major leaders to stop the movement. A young Aruna proudly unfurled (hoist) the Indian tricolor flag in a heavily cordoned off (guarded) at the Gowalia Tank maidan and shouted “British, Quit India” slogans. Aruna was dubbed the Heroine of the 1942 movement Her efforts resulted in an improvement of conditions in the Tihar Jail but she was moved to solitary confinement in Ambala
Role of Desais of Jainapur (Bijapur District) Desais of Jainapur was an aristocratic family (rich from several generation) Kashibai was from Wealthy and generous family, who owned Rolls Royce (imported car – a symbol of status) When the District Collector of Bijapur asked her car for the use of his higher officer. She refused to give her car and told him that she would use it for drying cow dung cakes. That made him angry and he cancelled it's registration. Then she stuck to her word (struck cow dung cakes – even after India got freedom)
Shakuntala Dhamankar Shakuntala Dhamankar, a twenty year old lady of Belgaum, was the leader of the college students who abandoned (left) school to join freedom struggle. Her mercurial agility (move or think quickly) inspired young folks to agitate (fight) against the British rule. The police could not arrest Shakuntala, as she lived in underground. She worked with Shankar Kurtakoti on whose head there was a reward of Rs.2000/- and married him. She said that she would proud to be the wife of imprisoned freedom fighter and prouder to be the widow of the freedom fighter
Padmavatibai Burli Padmavatibai was a silent and pious (religious) lady She was wife of great freedom fighter Bindacharya Burli. Her family struggled to earn two square meals per day. She used to tell her own children to eat a little less so that they could be fed the freedom fighters This was her silent protest against the British Once she was arrested while serving to Shakuntala Dabade and Shantabai Karmarkar and served 3 months imprisonment
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya (3 April 1903 – 29 October 1988) Kamaladevi became an active organizer of the women and youth wing of the Indian National Congress A great poet and artist who inspired thousands of Indian women After freedom in 1947, Kamaladevi helped refugees by establishing co-operative societies and self-employment schemes. As chief of the Board of Handicrafts, she started the pension system for the craftsmen and revived traditional Indian home industries like weaving, and handicrafts She was the vision behind National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Akademi, Central Cottage Industries Emporium, and the Crafts Council of India.
Sarojini Naidu Sarojini was a child prodigy (talented) and was a great poet. Titled as 'the Nightingale of India' Dedicated disciple (follower )of Gandhiji, who translated his philosophy of non-violence into reality 1 st women to become President of Indian Congress Participated in Quit India Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement Her work: – The Golden Threshold The Golden Threshold – The Feather of the Dawn – The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring, including "The Gift of India"
Capt. Laxmi Swaminathan (24 October 1914 – 23 July 2012) She is a MBBS doctor by profession. In 1940 she left to Singapore, where she met the members of Netaji’s Indian National Army. She established a clinic for the immigrant labor and poor people from India. In the surrender of Singapore by British to Japanese, she aided wounded prisoner of war Under Netaji’s vision- Dr. Lakshmi Swaminathan headed all-women brigade (Rani Jhani Regiment) to march to Burma and she became Captain Lakshmi, a name that struck with her. She was a revolutionist of the Indian independence movement, an officer of the Indian National Army, and the Minister of Women's Affairs in the Azad Hind government.
Other Women Fighters On 6 th Sept 1942, Vimala Gulwadi and Hema Shilnolikar, entered the court hall and dared to command the judge to go back. They shouted slogans against British which inspired one of the Indian police to quit his job.
Oral Assessment Fill in the blanks 1.________ raided like volcano and vanished armoury. 2.Sarojini Naidu was known as _________. 3.________ was the young lady of Belguam. 4.___________stormed the court hall of the district judge with flags in their hands. Match the following AB 1DumbfoundedKind and large heartedness 2Abandonmake someone feel awkward 3EmbarrassSpeechless- in state of shock 4ArmouryLeave 5GenerousKeep under control 6A place where arms are stored
Activity Add suitable prefixes to form the opposites countable fortunate Polite Balance Respect Understand Give the synonyms for the following Agile Cordoned Unfurl Aristocrat Uncountable Unfortunate Impolite Imbalance Disrespect Misunderstand Fast in action Area that is not allowed to enter Hoist Rich from many generation
Noun, Verb, Adverb A word can function as a Noun, Adjective, Verb, or an Adverb depending upon the context in which it is used. Study the following examples and identify the verb. Examples : 1. It is one hour run from the railway station to the bus station. (noun) Run 2. P.T.Usha runs fast. (verb) Run 3. She came running to meet me. (participle functioning as an adverb) Running 4. Look at the running horse. (participle functioning as an adjective) Running
Active and Passive Voice Read the sentences given and complete the table that follows: 1. I respect my mother and you know it well. 2. The court is adjourned. 3. Dinner is served from 5.00 to 9.00 p.m. 4. Five people were injured in an accident. 5. Beware of dogs. 6. Passengers are required to remain seated. 7. All fees must be paid at the registration counter. 8. When John arrives at the hospital his arm will be examined.
Answer Sentence No. Place mode of communication used Emphasis 1Respect MotherAnnouncement 7College / school officer counter Caution 8HospitalProcedure 2Court AdjournedInstructions 5Street and House DogsStatement 4Accident News ReportImpersonal 6Aircraft AnnouncementResult
Choose the correct answer Gowri Tilak Maidan is in (Bombay/Bijapur/Calcutta/Burma) Ans:Bombay Laxmi Swaminathan was the commander of: (Rani Chennamma Regiment/ Rani Jhansi Regiment/ Rani Roopawathi Regiment/Rani Jamuna Regiment) Ans:Rani Jhansi Regiment The title ‘Nightingale of India’ was awarded to: (Kamaladevi /Sarojini Naidu/Hema Shinolikar/Vimal Gulwadi) Ans:Sarojini Naidu
Answer the Questions Answer each of the following in a word, phrase or sentence each. 1) Who unfurled the tricolour at Gowali Maidan? Aruna Asif Ali 2) How did Preetilata Waddedar raid the Chitagong armoury? Raided like a volcano 3) What did the two young women, Vimal and Hema, tell the judge? Commanded the judge to go back 4) Who was Kashibai? A widow from wealthy family in Bijapur 5) Who carried a reward of Rs.2000/- on his head? Shankar Kurtakoti 6) What would Padmavathi Bai tell her children? Ask her children to eat sparingly to serve food for freedom fighters
Answer the Questions 1)What kind of freedom figher was Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya? How did she inspire women? She worked towards establishing self employment schemes, rehabilitation schemes, welfare for craftsmen, established art schools. 2) What Gandhian philosophy did Sarojini Naidu translate into reality? Why did Gandhiji repose confidence in her? She wrote many poems and literature on Gandhian philiosophy. She was always there with Gandhi in Quit India movement, Civil Disobedience etc. 3) Who caused the British a sense of defeat and how? Aruna Asif Ali unfurled India tricolor flag amidst tight security area in Gowri Tilak Maidan 4) Who were the two young women sitting in the judge’s seat? What did they command the judge to do? Vimala Gulwadi and Hema Shilnolikar, and they commanded the judge to leave the court 5) Why did the District Collector send for Kashibai? What did he ask her for? Asked her for her Rolls Royce car when a higher official was to arrive. 6) How was Shakuntala Dhamakar able to inspire young men and women? She headed the college group and inspired them with her agility and speech and made them participate in freedom struggle. 7) How did Bindacharya Burli serve the cause of freedom? She served food for the freedom fighters secretly
Answer the Questions 1. This inflicted such heavy casualties ” a) What inflicted heavy casualties? The raid of Chittagong armoury by revolutionist b) Who performed this daring act? Pritilata Waddedar c) What was the raid like? Like a volcano 2. “British, Quit India.” a)Who kept shouting the slogan? Aruna Asif Ali b) What did she unfurl? Indian Tricolor Flag c) Where did it happen? Gowri Tilak Maidan
Answer the Questions “They commanded the judge to go back.” a) Who commanded the judge to go back? Vimal and Hema b) What else did they tell him? Why was the judge dumb founded? They asked him to leave the court. Entered the court hall with tricolor flag and occupied his seat which made the judge dumb founded c) What did he do? Ordered their arrest
Answer the Questions Answer the following in a paragraph each. 1)How did Aruna Asaf Ali create a sense of defeat in the British? She hoisted Indian tricolor flag in Gowri Tilak Maidan and shouted Quit India slogans. 2) What is interesting about the wedding of Shakuntala Dhamankar? It was attended by many freedom fighter and revolunist who carried a huge reward on their head and combined reward was more than Rs. 50,000/ 3) How did Kashibai show her disregard for British supremacy? She refused to give her Rolls Royce to the district collector and when its registration was cancelled, she used it to dry cow dung cakes. 4) “Padmavatibai led a silent agitation herself.” What was the agitation? How did she help the freedom fighters? She was a dedicated wife of a freedom fighter. Though they had meager income, she fed her children less food and served food secretly for the freedom fighter.