Presentation on theme: "PIGEON HEROES BY NATALY, NATHAN, SIERRA. PIGEONS IN THE WARS During World War II,a factory in Monmouth, New Jersey made parachutes for pigeons to enable."— Presentation transcript:
PIGEONS IN THE WARS During World War II,a factory in Monmouth, New Jersey made parachutes for pigeons to enable them to be dropped into France. In the world wars,flying pilots carried pigeons in case they had to ditch their plane, they would release the bird for help. Many pilots owe their lives to a pigeon.
DOGS Some dogs also carried pigeons in small pouches on their back. After the dog delivered the message, a soldier would write a reply. The reply was attached to the pigeon that then flew back to home base.
TRAINING IN ACTION Pigeons were trained to fly at night at Ft. Monmouth, NJ. They also trained pigeons to fly 2 ways or make a round trip.
WHAMMMMMM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Parachuting Pigeons Spy Pigeons Navy Pigeons Tank Pigeons
PIGEON A pigeon being dropped from a plane in World War I 200,000 pigeons were used as messengers in WWII. Of the 17,000 that parachuted into enemy territory, fewer than one in eight returned.200,000 pigeons were used as messengers in WWII. Of the 17,000 that parachuted into enemy territory, fewer than one in eight returned.
THE CROIX-DE-GUERRE By: Jonnah M. and Sierra B. Sierra B.
The Croix-de-Guerre was Created on … April 2nd 1915 And it is the best known French decoration
What the medal means and how its pronounced It means “war cross” or “cross of war” It is pronounced as (kwa-de-ger)
Introduction World War I was called “The Great War” or “The war to end all wars”.
How Long Was the War To begin with the war took place from 1914 to 1918.
What countries were involved? The Allies: in World War I included England Russia France and America. The Axis powers: Germany Ottoman Empire and Austrian Hungary
Where Was it Fought? The war took place in Europe on 2 fronts. The Eastern Front was in Russia and the Western Front was along the French German border.
How the War Was Fought? This war was fought in the trenches dug along each front.
This is a picture of trenches in the war. Why did it began In addition World War I started for many reasons. It began with the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand who was to become king of Austria Hungary, that the war began. 25 years later, World War II began.
Conclusion So you can see World War I was not a war to end all wars.
What Happened? What Happened? It was the fall of October 4, 1918 during World War I. In the Argonne Forest, France, the 77 th Infantry Division was surrounded by Germans while being bombed by Americans. Cher Ami was the last pigeon the battalion had. Since they had no radio contact Cher Ami was their last hope.
His Rough Flight Cher Ami flew 25 miles in 25 minutes. He flew through heavy enemy fire. Cher Ami was wounded, but he was determined to finish his mission. When he returned to his loft, he had no eye and his leg carrying the important message was almost gone and he had been shot in the chest
Cher Ami’s Arrival When Cher Ami arrived he was wounded in the torso and the leg with the message on it. Shortly after his arrival the bombing had stopped. Cher Ami had saved over 200 lives.
The Medal Awarded to Cher Ami Cher Ami was awarded the French Croix de Guerre, a medal of bravery.
A Year After In the year of 1919, a year after Cher Ami’s big mission he died from the many wounds he had suffered.
President Wilson is our Pigeon Hero By Taylor, Anna, Scott and Dylan
When did this happen? November 5, 1918 in WW I Releasing a pigeon.
Where did this happen? Argonne Sector, Cuisy France.
Where Is He Now? President Wilson may be seen today in the Smithsonian Museum of History in Washington, D.C.
What happened? President Wilson saved many lives of American Infantry men who were surrounded by the enemy. Carrying an important message, President Wilson was severely injured by enemy fire. He flew through heavy fog, and did not stop until he reached his loft. He fell limp and exhausted. He reached the loft at Ramport after flying 24 miles in 25 min. that means he flew 57 mph. while he was badly hurt.
WHY SPIKE IS A PIGEON HERO FIRST, SPIKE WAS A GRIZZLED GRAY COCK HOMING PIGEON WHO WAS BORN JANUARY 1918. NEXT, SPIKE DELIVERED 52 MESSAGES WITHOUT BEING WOUNDED EVEN THOUGH THE FIGHTING WAS DANGEROUS ON THE WAY TO HIS LOFT CARRYING MESSAGES WITH VITAL INFORMATION.
TWO OTHER REASONS ADDITIONALLY HIS BRAVERY WON HIM “THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL”. ADDITIONALLY HIS BRAVERY WON HIM “THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL”. HE HAS COME A LONG WAY, AND WILL BE REMEMBERED FOREVER! AND YOU MIGHT THINK HE’S NOT COOL, BUT HE WORKED HIS TAIL OFF IN WORLD WAR TWO……
YOU CAN SEE HIM NOW in the Electronics Museum in Ft. Monmouth, NJ
THE PASSION FOR THE COUNTRY SPIKE IS VERY COOL. HE DIED ON APRIL 11, 1935. SPIKE IS VERY COOL. HE DIED ON APRIL 11, 1935.
HE WILL BE KNOWN FOREVER!!!!!!!!!!! YOU CAN SEE HIM IN THE COMMUNICATIONS-ELECTRONICS MUSEUM AT FT. MONMOUTH, NJ. "Spike" was born in January 1918. He flew 50 missions and was never injured. Spike died on April 11, 1935.
World War II Affected More Countries and People in History The European Theater
When the war started. The war started on September 1, 1939 and ended on September 2, 1945. It started when Germany invaded Poland. The U.S. joined the war on December 7 1941 when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
The Axis and Allies The Allies of World War II were U.S.,Russia, England, and France. The Axis powers were Germany, Japan,and Italy.
The Theaters of World War II World War II was fought in Pacific and European theaters.
Why the war started. The war was caused by problems left over from World War I. Also Adolf Hitler and Japan wanted more land and power.
When it became a World War. It became a world war when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor and the U.S. joined the war.
The Dickin Medal By Maggie, Jenna, Zach and Bryce
What is it? A special medal awarded just to animals that showed their devotion to man and their duty by displaying incredible bravery while serving in the British Armed Forces.
Who or what was awarded this medal? It was awarded just to animals. Between 1943-1949 it was awarded 54 times. These animals included 32 pigeons, 18 dogs,3 horses, and one cat.
Who was the medal named after? Why? The medal was named after Maria Dickin. She was the founder of the Peoples Dispensary for Sick Animals, or the PDSA. She introduced this medal.
Other interesting information. Many human lives were saved by these brave animals. This medal is referred to as the animals’ Victoria Cross.
The Dickin medal was awarded to animals in World War II. First, the Medal is an award given to animals that showed courage in World War II. Second, the medal was named after Maria Dickin because she was the founder of the Peoples Dispensary for Sick Animals. Third, in World War II 54 Dickin Medals were awarded to animals, 32 to pigeons. Next, the Dickin Medal was known as the animals’ “Victoria Cross”. Last, these pigeons saved many human lives. In conclusion, those are important reasons why the Medal was awarded to animals.
Pigeon Heroes Our Pigeon Hero is: Blackie Halligan By: Kassidy, Emma, Jason and Mikey
Kind of Bird Blackie Halligan was an American black cock homing pigeon. What Blackie might have looked like
When it Happened 1943 World War II Pacific Theater
What Happened While carrying a message that gave the location of 300 Japanese troops, Blackie Halligan was badly wounded by the Japanese, but kept flying. Even though part of his chest was missing, Blackie helped save hundreds of Marines.
What Happened? What Happened? Geronimo completed 30 important missions in the European Theater. Without injury he delivered several messages during the 7-Day battle crossing the Volturno River north of Naples, Italy. He flew under the most hazardous war conditions. This is how Geronimo is a pigeon hero! Geronimo is a pigeon hero. To start with he was a blue check male who served during WWII it was in 1943 in Italy. Also Geronimo completed 30 important missions in the European Theater. Without injury he delivered several messages during the 7- Day battle crossing the Volturno River north of Naples, Italy. Additionally he flew under the most hazardous war time conditions. Geronimo is in the Hall of Fame in Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. In conclusion this is why Geronimo is a pigeon hero.
Mary of Exeter By Vince, Lucas, Ashley and Tayler
Kind of pigeon She was a gray hen racing pigeon.
When it happened It happened in 1940-1945. She served for 5 years in France.
Where it happened It happened in France when she was parachuted in to carry messages in WW II.
What Happened? She was dropped into France to carry top secret messages. She was attacked by a hawk in 1942 and needed 7 stitches. Missing for 10 days, Mary was picked up nearly dead and wounded from head to back. She was hurt so badly she had to have a collar to hold her head up and then went on to do another two years of service. She won the Dickin Medal.
This is why Mary of Exeter is a pigeon hero. She got shot under her wing and a bomb exploded near her loft blowing her basket to bits but Mary stayed to wait for her owner. Mary of Exeter, recognized for five years of service carrying top secret messages during WWII [Picture: PDSA]
Scoop the Hero Pigeon By Brittany, Cara, and Kelly
Facts about Scoop…. He is a black checked cock Scoop was hatched in Morocco 1943 He was an Army pigeon
When things happened… He fought in World War II
Where things happened… Mateur-Bizerte Front Algiers North Africa
What happened… He flew many of the 72 messages sent by Army pigeons during the 16 days of battle on the Mateur-Bizerte Front. Scoop completed over 20 combat missions for American troops in Algiers
Fun facts about Scoop… His name was due to his eagerness, courage and unusal speed He was put in the pigeon hall of fame in Ft. Monmouth N.J.
Tyke, a Pigeon Hero By Mark, David,Seth, and Austin
What Kind of bird? A male, also known as a cock Is a A Homing pigeon
Where did this happen? This happened in the Mediterranean Sea
What happened? Tyke delivered a message under difficult weather conditions Rescued an American air crew while with the RAF (Royal Air Force) For his bravery, he was awarded the Dickin medal
Tyke is a pigeon hero for these reasons. First, Tyke was a male homing pigeon. Second, Tyke delivered a very important message in June 1943 during WWII. Third, under extremely difficult weather conditions Tyke flew his message to his loft which helped in the rescue of an American air crew while serving in the RAF (Royal Air Force). This earned him the Dickin medal. So you can see this is why Tyke is a pigeon hero.
WHEN DID IT HAPPEN September 12, 1918 During World War II
What happened? On his 52 nd mission he carried a message that helped American artillery destroy enemy guns. Then our troops could go into the Alsacc-Lorraine and capture Beaumont (in France). He was wounded in action losing his left eye from a machine gun bullet and had a gash on the top of his head. The Mocker was wounded two more times as he flew for the military.
Honors The Mocker was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the French Croix de Guerre. His body was mounted and is in a museum at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.
White Vision is a Pigeon Hero By Brayden, Hunter, Robin, and Gillian
Where It Happened Shetland Islands North Sea, west of the Shetland Islands.
When did this happen? World War II October 1943 A Catalina Flying Boat
What happened White Vision was aboard an RAF Catalina Flying Boat that ditched into the North Sea. The crew could not get out an SOS. White Vision was released carrying a message of where the location of the plane was. She flew 60 miles into 25 mph winds in the dark for 9 hours. All 11 crew members were rescued. White Vision was aboard an RAF Catalina Flying Boat that ditched into the North Sea. The crew could not get out an SOS. White Vision was released carrying a message of where the location of the plane was. She flew 60 miles into 25 mph winds in the dark for 9 hours. All 11 crew members were rescued.
DICKEN MEDAL White Vision won the Dickin Medal for her bravery.
White Vision White Vision was renamed “What Savior”.
Winkie: A Pigeon Hero By Brandon, Nevada, and Carolyn
Maria Dickin Presents Winkie With the Dickin Medal
Kind of bird She was a grey hen from Scotland.
When it happened Feb. 23 1942 During World War II A Beaufort Bomber
Where it happened North Sea off the coast of Norway.
What happened Winkie was aboard a (Beaufort) bomber which was on a mission off the coast Norway. The plane ditched into the sea. Winkie broke free from her cage and flew 129 miles through the night, wet and oil soaked to her base. Although her message capsule was empty, her condition, plus other information, led to the rescue of the crew.
What Type of a Pigeon is Yank? Yank was a gray cock.
What Happened. On March 17, 1943 Yank flew 90 miles in 115 minutes or about 47 mph carrying the news of the fall of Gafsa. On April 1, 1943 he carried a message from Lt. General George Patton 90 miles in 100 minutes or 54 mph. A message fastened to a pigeon in WW II.
G.I. Joe, A Pigeon Hero By, Tayler, Savanna, Ashley and Erica
G.I. Joe’s Story G.I. Joe is a pigeon hero. He was a dark checker patterned cock pigeon, who flew an important message in World War II.
G.I. Joe’s Story This took place in Colvi Vecchia, Italy. The British 56 th Brigade entered the town of Colvi Vecchia expecting to find German troops.
G.I. Joe’s Story The Germans deserted the town leaving only the civilians. The British troops knew the town would be bombed soon by the Allies.
G.I. Joe’s Story The bombing needed to be stopped. But there was no radio communication signals. G.I. Joe was given a message and was sent to bring it to The Air Support Base, and did this in 20 minutes.
G.I. Joe’s Story G.I. Joe arrived just in time to stop the planes from taking off, saving 1,000 British lives and lives of the civilians. Hence, this is why G.I. Joe is the most famous pigeon of World War II.
Fun Fact (s) G.I. Joe was the only American bird to earn the Dickin Medal!!§♥§ He is a very brave and courageous bird
Photograph of G.I. Joe Here is a picture of G.I. Joe.♪♪