Presentation on theme: "A New Kind of War Pgs. 331-333. A New Kind of Weapon Rather than fighting from trenches, soldiers moved quickly by tank, ship, and airplane. Bombs dropped."— Presentation transcript:
A New Kind of Weapon Rather than fighting from trenches, soldiers moved quickly by tank, ship, and airplane. Bombs dropped in air raids destroyed factories, hospitals, and homes. Thousands of innocent civilians were killed. WWII was fought over a large area covering more than half the Earth.
Weapons Used in WWII Machine guns Grenades Flamethrowers Rocket Launcher Air Tank Weapons Armored Car
Two Major Fronts WWII was fought on two fronts or battle lines: –Europe and Africa –Pacific Victory on both fronts was necessary to end the war.
Africa and Europe The first step in the Allies plan for victory was to gain control of the Mediterranean Sea and invade Italy. The Allies had to defeat the Germans and the Italians in North Africa. In November 1942, Americans joined the British in Morocco and Algeria. The British pushed the Axis forces out of Egypt. In May 1943, the Allies won North Africa and started pushing north through Italy.
Italy Surrenders After leaving the African continent, the Allies entered Italy. Heavy fighting went on against German forces in Italy until June 1944, when Americans captured the city of Rome.
D- Day While the Allies were fighting in Italy, plans were being made for an invasion of Europe. June 6, 1944 was coded D-Day. It was the largest water-to-land invasion in history. American General Dwight Eisenhower, the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces, led the invasion.
D-Day You are about to embark upon a great crusade.... The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere go with you. »General Dwight Eisenhower
D-Day On the morning of June 6 American, Canadian, and British troops crossed the English Channel. They landed on the beaches of Normandy, in France where German forces met them with heavy gunfire. Many soldiers died on D-Day, but the invasion was successful. The Allies broke through the German lines pushing the Germans back.
Battle of the Bulge The Germans counterattacked at the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944. American General George Patton, turned the Germans back. In March 1945 Pattons troops entered Germany. At the same time, the Soviets were also fighting the Germans.
German Surrender Surrounded by the Allies, the Germans surrendered. On May 8, 1945 the Allies accepted the surrender. FDR did not live to see the end of the war. He died on April 12, 1945. After the surrender Allied Forces learned Hitler had killed himself.