2 Idealistic view of human rights How did the authors of the U.S. Constitution view human rights & human nature?Idealistic view of human rightsEndowed by creator & inalienableLife, liberty, & the pursuit of happinessRealistic view of human natureHasty, passionate, short sightedEven the best & the brightest
3 How did the preceding experiments in national government fail? In the 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses?De facto confederal systemCentral government too weakNo executive or judicial branchesIn the Articles of Confederation?De jure confederal system
4 What were the two basic goals of the Constitutional Convention? Strengthen national governmentFederal systemPresidential systemSafeguard against abuse of new powersInternal controlsFragment power & representationDivide, separate, overlapExternal controlsPopular sovereigntyPluralistic society
5 Basic compromises of the Constitution: large v. small states Connecticut CompromiseFederal (not unitary or confederal) systemBicameral national legislatureChief executiveForm: single v. pluralSelection: by Congress, Electoral College, or peopleTerm length and limitsRemoval
6 Basic compromises of the U.S. Constitution: north v. south Foreign tradeImportsExportsSlavery3/5’s compromiseElectoral CollegeExpansion into territoriesFugitive slaves
7 Two built-in problems: How did the Founders give us a “more perfect union” -- but not a perfect one?Two built-in problems:Delay & gridlockDilution of responsiblityMajor failures:African AmericansNative AmericansJapanese AmericansWomen
8 SummaryHow did the authors of the Constitution view human rights & human nature?Why did the preceding experiments in national government fail?What were the basic goals and compromises of the Constitutional Convention?How did the Founders give us a “more perfect union” -- but not a perfect one?