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The UNFCCC Process Trish Harrup, Greenpeace. The Convention UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Signed by Heads of State at Rio Earth Summit 1992.

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Presentation on theme: "The UNFCCC Process Trish Harrup, Greenpeace. The Convention UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Signed by Heads of State at Rio Earth Summit 1992."— Presentation transcript:

1 The UNFCCC Process Trish Harrup, Greenpeace

2 The Convention UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Signed by Heads of State at Rio Earth Summit Nations have ratified the Convention Including USA

3 Objective of the Convention Article 2: Ultimate objective: to achieve the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system

4 Principles of the Convention Article 3: common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities…developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof

5 UNFCCC Structure Conference of the Parties (COP) – establishes yearly meetings to review progress and make further decisions UNFCCC Secretariat Two Subsidiary Bodies SBSTA Scientific and Technical Advice – focus on setting policy SBI Implementation –how to implement

6 Commitments of the Convention Developed countries to return their emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2000

7 Kyoto Protocol Adopted in 1997 Industrialized countries committed to reduce their combined emissions by at least 5% compared to 1990 levels by the period Legally binding

8 Negotiating Groups European Union (EU) – 27 countries, Sweden currently holds the Presidency G77 plus China - >130 developing countries, includes sub groupings –AOSIS –OPEC –LDCs –AU

9 Negotiating Groups continued Umbrella group – Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Ukraine, Iceland Environmental Integrity Group – Switzerland, Mexico, South Korea

10 PlenaryStatements from Parties Agree agenda Allocate time Media / Public record Lead negotiators NGO observers Contact groupsMost negotiatingNo media NGO observers Closed contact groupNo NGOs Only “pink” badge Friends of the chairTake disputes into a small group if negotiating stalls Negotiators with disputes Closed contact group Contact GroupNew textOpen to NGOs PlenaryOnce agreed or to force dispute onto public record All

11 Bali Action Plan Agreed a two year work plan to get to outcome at COP 15 Established two processes –AWGKP – future commitments for Annex 1 –AWGLCA – long term vision, developing countries

12 2009 AWG LCA Draft negotiating text released in May By the end of Bonn II in June 200 pages 2,500 brackets

13 2009 AWG KP Still no negotiating text Chairs text

14 Meeting schedule Bangkok – 28 September to 9 October Barcelona – 2 to 6 November Copenhagen COP – 7 to18 December COPbis

15 Other international Fora MEF – Major Economies Forum – little progress, no A1 target G8 – limit temperature rise to no more than 2 degrees C and cut 80% by 2050 G20 – Climate finance UN Summit on CC – Heads of State


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