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Designing the Green Economy: Beyond Scarcity, Toward Abundance

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Presentation on theme: "Designing the Green Economy: Beyond Scarcity, Toward Abundance"— Presentation transcript:

1 Designing the Green Economy: Beyond Scarcity, Toward Abundance
Brian Milani Liefhebber Consortium of Green Development and Bad Dutch Football

2 The Green Economy A Historical Transition: …from Quantity to Quality
A Question of Potentials …not simply limits Key to Sustainability: Redefining Wealth

3 Redefining Wealth I Quantitative: Qualitative: Money & Material
Accumulation Qualitative: Well-being Regeneration

4 Redefining Non-Material Wealth II: Phantom/Casino vs. Real Economy
Casino (debt-based) economy Eco-service economy

5 Design Dimensions Political / Financial: trade, money / currency, EPR / property /service Energy: soft energy path Technological: cradle-to-cradle, eco-industrialism, Carbo Economy, shearing layers, product design Spatial: urban design / green cities, localization

6 Principles of a Green Economy
The Primacy of Human Need, Service, Use-value, Intrinsic Value & Quality Following Natural Flows Waste Equals Food Elegance and Multifunctionality Appropriate Scale / Linked Scale Diversity Self-Reliance, Self-Organization, Self-Design Participation & Direct Democracy Human Creativity and Development The Strategic role of the Built-environment, the Landscape & Spatial Design

7 The Green Economy: Human & Eco Dimensions
“The Service Economy” End-use: “Hot Showers and Cold Beer” Nutrition, Illumination, Entertainment, Access, Shelter, Community, etc. The Economy in Loops — The “Lake Economy” Flowing with nature, Every output an input, Closed-loop organization, Let nature do the work

8 Common Sense Economics
Increase restrictions on the flow of material goods and physical capital (to minimize transport costs, etc.) Lessen restrictions on the flow of information and culture. note: Globalization does exactly the opposite: via free trade and intellectual property law. Herman Daly “Trade Recipes, not Cookies.”

9 Creativity: the key to Real development
meet real needs: Don’t use material consumption as a substitute for qualitative fulfillment Rifkin: The Empathic Civilization Greening: substitute human creativity for energy and resources. --People-intensive development --Resource productivity

10 Mass Collaboration beats competition every time
wikinomics: based in abundance not scarcity undermines industrial markets

11 Labour & Resource Relationship
Industrial economy: resource-intensive. labour productivity: Substitutes resources for labour. Green Economy: people-intensive / resource-saving. Substitutes human creativity for resources

12 Industrialism: The Divided Economy
Invisible Visible Use-value Exchange-value “Consumption” “Production” People Things Unpaid Paid Women Men Informal Formal Private Public

13 Invisible Economy (1) Total Productive System of an Industrial Society (layer cake with icing)
2 GNP-Monetized ½ of Cake Top two layers Non-Monetized Productive ½ of Cake Lower two layers GNP “Private” Sector Rests on GNP “Public” Sector Social Cooperative Love Economy Nature’s Layer “Private” Sector “Public”Sector “underground economy “Love Economy” Mother Nature All rights reserved Copyright© 1982 Hazel Henderson

14 Invisible Economy (2)

15 The Economy in Loops

16 The Old Order: Materialism and Industrialism
markets best suited to material stuff steel & autos; not culture and quality of life Crisis: overproduction and "effective demand" “Invisible Hand" doesn't work so well in cultural production post-Depression: Waste as economic driver.

17 Scarcity, Class Power & Waste
War production, suburbanization and effective demand. Waste of resources Waste of human potential

18 The Post WW II Waste Economy
Permanent War Economy The Suburb Economy: Oil / Autos / Subdivisions

19 “The greatest misallocation of resources in human history
“The greatest misallocation of resources in human history.” …James Howard Kunstler

20 Fordism & the Reinforcement of Industrial Wealth
Matter Waste Fordism Suburbanization/ Consumer Economy War Industry Money Debt Keynesianism Paper Economy Planned Inflation New forms of credit-money

21 1970s: End of the Line for the Fordist Waste Solution
saturation of markets social & environmental costs coming due: fiscal crisis of the state limits to inflationary strategy Vietnam war, decline of the dollar, German/Japanese competition OPEC & the energy crisis Petrodollars & Currency Crisis

22 Post-Fordist Casino Economy
cost of waste come due: need for new sources of “effective demand” new technologies & Megabyte Money: money disconnected from Real economy financial sector: times (?) larger than the material economy Culture of Speculation: Stomp the weak / Get rich quick Empty wealth creation: de facto redistribution of wealth. Polarization of work and society end of social contracts: attack on Welfare State the growing gap between rich and poor

23 The Global Casino: Hijacking the Information Revolution
expansion of employment in speculative industry Wall St.: more advanced technologically than the military. Bubble Economies: last ‘frontiers’ for capitalist growth. -stock crash of 1987 -tech stock bubble of late 90s -housing bubble of Housing speculation: most destructive & exploitative of the poor & average people.

24 Crisis, Waste & the Suppression of Human Potential
Creating Scarcity since WWII: Waste production Debt & funny-money creation Austerity

25 The Economy & Culture of Fear
Mainstream politics and media today are mobilized for the creation of fear, based in both scarcity and personal insecurity. Reality TV competitions, extreme fighting, Tea Parties, racist fundamentalism, cultural scapegoating, etc. Question: should we be careful of adding more fear, however justifiable? (climate change, etc.)

26 Strategies for Abundance
Invest in social and natural regeneration infrastructure & public goods Material Economic Security: meet everyone’s needs Disable the Coercive power of Money Community Currencies Basic Income guarantees Free Culture: from ownership to access; from belongings to belonging

27 Invest in Social and Natural Regeneration
(includes growing categories of “public goods” and social/eco infrastructure) increased role for government on all levels invest in community: the nexus for regenerative development eliminate externalities: make polluters, extractors, incarcerators pay

28 Property & Stewardship
Ownership should be relative: designed to support stewardship and human development property: good for earlier materialistic development. Centralized ownership: EPR Small-holder stewardship: good for land

29 A New Paradigm of Security
Geared as much to unleashing individual and community creativity as protecting the vulnerable. Eliminates fear on many levels. Deflates the coercive power of money—allows ethical values to factor into personal economic decisions. Supports imagination & innovation that transforms other sectors: e.g. community business. Meet everyone’s basic needs...or else!

30 Ending the Coercive Power of Money
Community Currencies especially account-money systems Basic Income Guarantees the more universal, the better

31 the appropriate goal: Gift Circulation
Money as information & energy Brand: “Information wants to be free.” Requires social / eco value to be embedded in everyday life : indicators Question: transitional mechanisms


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