Industrialism River Economy: Linear Flows Divided Economy: –Production / Consumption –Formal / Informal –Workplace / Home Resource-intensive / people displacing/deskilling Concentrated production / energy forms
Industrialism: The Divided Economy Invisible Visible Use-value Exchange-value Consumption Production People Things Unpaid Paid Women Men Informal Formal Private Public
Green / Postindustrial Lake Economy: --cycling / waste-as-food / biomimicry Integration of production & consumption --home / workplace People-intensive / Knowledge-culture-based --resource-displacing Decentralized / distributed …Make the Invisible Visible: What is counted counts
Waste, Demand & Artificial Scarcity Permanent War Economy The Suburb Economy: Oil / Autos / Subdivisions
Indicators [If it is to be achieved, the new economic system] will result from our becoming better ecological accountants at the community level. If we must as a future necessity recycle essentially all materials and run on sunlight, then our future will depend on accounting as the most important and interesting discipline. Wes Jackson, Becoming Native to This Place
Indicators & real wealth Qualitative Wealth is far more complex: requires more quantification Qualitative Wealth is place-based or specific to circumstances Qualitative Wealth is needs-based, requiring examination of consumption.
A Dashboard for the Cockpit The Family of indicators: –Mass balance –Genuine Progress (GPI) –Ecological Footprint –5 capitals: personal, professional, spiritual, environmental and financial –Firm sustainability accounting –Industry-based accounts: food, building, forestry, etc. –Sustainable Community Indicators –Etc. etc.
The Evolution of Indicators Difficulties with many early indicator sets: –Wish-lists, divorced from solutions or relationships –Either too detailed or too aggregated /oversimplified Next Generation of Indicators: from librarians to plumbers
Indicators organized around a purpose highlight important trade-offs Varieties: those that… –cause an outcome (e.g. reduce air pollution) –document the outcome (e.g. amount of smog) –react to the outcome (air pollution legislation)
Business-related Applications Internal accounts Natural Step, ISO 14000, Eco-footprint, Sustainability Reporting Government Regulation Alternative Industry Standards --LEED green bldg.; FSC wood ; B Corporation ; Innovative Business Models: -- B Corporation -- McDonough/Braungart Protocol --Local Food Plus
Business Applications-II Builds external costs into firm decisions Essential to Triple Bottom Line SBLS: can be translated into financial bottom line Crucial to Stakeholder relationships Made easier by network support: --market transformation
Business Applications-III Sustainability accounting : Global Reporting Initiative Triple Bottom Line accounting Social accountability reports Outcome-based reporting & mapping etc.
Genuine Wealth Applications All 5 capitals: financial, built, natural, social, human Balance sheet for each Full-cost sustainable income statement Progress indicators Genuine Progress Report
LCA and Product life-cycles: Environmental Lock-in over a Products Development Cycle