Presentation on theme: "What Is Green Work? some green economic concepts the evolution & transformation of work work & life: whats the relationship? work & consumption: whats."— Presentation transcript:
What Is Green Work? some green economic concepts the evolution & transformation of work work & life: whats the relationship? work & consumption: whats the relationship?
The Green Economy A Historical Transition: …from Quantity to Quality A Question of Potentials …not simply limits Key to Sustainability: Redefining Wealth
Quantitative: Money & Material Accumulation Qualitative: Well-being Regeneration
Principles of a Green Economy 1.The Primacy of Human Need, Service, Use-value, Intrinsic Value & Quality 2.Following Natural Flows 3.Waste Equals Food 4.Elegance and Multifunctionality 5.Appropriate Scale / Linked Scale 6.Diversity 7.Self-Reliance, Self-Organization, Self-Design 8.Participation & Direct Democracy 9.Human Creativity and Development 10.The Strategic role of the Built-environment, the Landscape & Spatial Design
A Green Economy 1.The Service Economy Hot Showers and Cold Beer Nutrition, Illumination, Entertainment, Access, Shelter, Community, etc. People production 2. The Lake Economy Flowing with nature, Every output an input, Closed-loop organization, Let nature do the work. Biomimicry: integrate with and imitate natural systems.
Human Development in the Green Economy Production: human creativity the key Consumption: end-use Direct targeting of human need = massive resource savings Regulation: participation at all levels.
Energy: The Soft Energy Path A flexible diverse mix of energy supply Primacy of Renewable energy sources Focus on End-use, on Conservation, and on efficiency of use Energy matched to the task at hand in both QUALITY and SCALE Participation-oriented structure--in both production and consumption People-intensive development and Job-creating Note: this is a system design perspective, not simply one of substituting renewable energy for fossil fuels.
Materials: Beyond Waste Management necessary to meet real service needs for nutrition, access, entertainment, etc.? waste as a resource: reusable, compostable? design for reusability, durability and compostability proximity & multi-dimensional design
The Centrality of the Landscape The industrial age replaced the natural processes of the landscape with the global machine…while regenerative design seeks now to replace the machine with landscape. …John Tillman Lyle
Efficiency & Spatial Organization Energy & the Landscape Eco-infrastructure: going with nature The Eco-system Model: eco-infill Integrating the Divided Economy Every place a locus of eco-production Buildings as producers not just consumers of energy Vast Potential for community empowerment via decentralized green energy work: Green Jobs, not Jail.
The greatest misallocation of resources in human history. …James Howard Kunstler
Industrialism: The Divided Economy Invisible Visible Use-value Exchange-value Consumption Production People Things Unpaid Paid Women Men Informal Formal Private Public
The Post WW II Waste Economy Permanent War Economy The Suburb Economy: Oil / Autos / Subdivisions Note gender and racial subtext of sprawl
Fordism: the new importance of Consumption Post-depression capitalism cant depend on consumption to take care of itself. Landscape fragmentation & materials- intensity In reality, a whole new sector of domestic consumption management is created for suburbia, with women pushed back into the home (JK Galbraith; Delores Hayden) Women are central--as both unpaid consumption workers and as Objects of Consumption in advertisings sexualized commodity world. Murray: Fordism was based as much on the de-skilling of consumption as the de-skilling of mass production.
Evolving Work early worker power: based on craft skills or key sectors like railroads in 19 th century. early/mid 20 th century: rise of industrial unionism: filling organizational space in new mass production. Power based in solidarity across whole industries. rise of intellectual and white-collar work: public education and rise of bureaucracy (hierarchies of white-collar work). –increasing dominance of big organizations: the corporation as industrial government (Bazelon) Fordism & women as domestic consumption managers. chronic problem of job-creation: technological unemployment, surplus populations,
Evolving Work-2 50s Industrial unionism: the peak of working class power within production –60s: emergence of new social movements for quality of life outside the factory gates: peace, feminism, ecology, human & civil rights, counterculture, human potential, etc. 1973: beginning of long decline in real wages for North American working class. 1979-81: economic growth now dependent on polarization of income and wealth. 1980s: empty financialization begins displacing mass material production and consumption as key capitalist driver of development.
Evolving Work-3 work polarization: growing sector of financial producer services, along with an even greater explosion of McJobs. intensifying evaporation of middle class in North America. economic bubbles accessible mainly to the rich or upper middle-class: tech boom of the 90s. Housing bubble of 2000s actively exploited the poor & disempowered. 70s through 90s: gradual evolution of green development movementfrom energy efficiency and appropriate technology movement of the 70s to breakthroughs in green building and local-sustainable food systems recently. 2000s: increasing connection of marginalized communities with green economic regeneration; growing interest of hard- pressed organized labour in people-intensive green development; rise of an anti-corporate community business movement.