Presentation on theme: "IN YOUR NOTEBOOK, DEFINE THE WORD WE WILL BE TALKING ABOUT, READING, DISCUSSING, AND SPICE ING UP A LOT OVER THE COURSE OF THE NEXT TWO WEEKS: ENLIGHTEN."— Presentation transcript:
IN YOUR NOTEBOOK, DEFINE THE WORD WE WILL BE TALKING ABOUT, READING, DISCUSSING, AND SPICE ING UP A LOT OVER THE COURSE OF THE NEXT TWO WEEKS: ENLIGHTEN. Your Desk Inferno PWA (Make sure to staple the yellow sheet to the front!) 1. Agenda 2. SSR Book 3. Pocket Dictionary
SWBAT describe and summarize the importance of essential Enlightenment terms. SWBAT identify the social issues that the Enlightenment has had an influence on and its impact on modern day society. “Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something.” ― Plato 1.Submit Inferno PWA to turnitin.com by 7:50am tomorrow morning! 2.Enlightenment Document Analysis Packet due tomorrow
WHAT DOES ENLIGHTEN MEAN? Definition: give (someone) greater knowledge and understanding about a subject or situation.
THE ENLIGHTENMENT! What? Philosophical movement of intellectuals (people that dropped knowledge) who applied reason (a statement of fact to explain the way something is) to understand the world. When? Mostly in the 18 th century (1700’s) Who? Enlightenment philosophers! Philosopher: a person who studies ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc. Where? Western Europe (including Italy, Germany, England, France) Why? Philosophers hoped that by using reason, they could make progress towards a better society.
THE AGE OF REASON The Enlightenment is often referred to as the Age of Reason. Highlights how the Enlightenment stressed reason, skepticism, and individualism rather than traditionalism. Its purpose was to reform society using reason, challenge ideas grounded in tradition and faith, and advance knowledge through the scientific method.scientific method Some main components of the Enlightenment included: opposition to authority, rationalism, optimism, natural law, and human rights.
THE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHERS! The intellectuals of the Enlightenment were known as philosophers. They were writers, professors, journalists, economists, politicians, scientists, artists, and social reformers. The role of philosophy was to change the world!
THE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHERS: WHAT WAS THEIR MAIN IDEA? Read and annotate the background essay about the Enlightenment philosophers. When finished, answer the background essay analysis questions on the next page. You will be completing the document analysis questions in the reminder of the packet tonight for homework.
PHILOSOPHER SPEED DATING! Today, you will become one of the Enlightenment philosophers. You will also get the chance to meet several other notable Enlightenment philosophers! Spend 5 minutes studying your Enlightenment philosopher and creating a 1 minute “elevator speech” to share with your classmates. What was this philosopher’s contribution to the Enlightenment? How has this contribution influenced society?
EXIT TICKET! What is a philosopher? Why are philosophers important? Out of all of the philosophers that you met today, who do you feel has had the greatest impact on society? Why?
RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING PROMPT IN YOUR NOTEBOOK: BASED ON THE HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS YOU READ AND ANALYZED LAST NIGHT, WHICH PHILOSOPHER DO YOU BELIEVE WAS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT TO WORLD HISTORY: JOHN LOCKE, VOLTAIRE, ADAM SMITH, OR MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT? MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE EVIDENCE FROM THE DOCUMENT! Your Desk Enlightenment Document Analysis Packet 1. Agenda 2. SSR Book 3. Pocket Dictionary
SWBAT assess the impact the Enlightenment has had on religion and individual’s belief systems. "Gravity explains the motions of the planets, but it cannot explain who sets the planets in motion." "What we know is a drop, what we don't know is an ocean." — Isaac Newton Philosophy Slam! (extra credit if turned in on Monday, December 2nd!)
THE PHILOSOPHY SLAM! Philosophy Slam! (Extra credit if turned in on Monday, December 2nd!) Write an essay of 500 words or less, answering the philosophical question: "Truth or Beauty, which has a greater impact on society?” Students may write essays based on research, historical context and philosophical references, though personal experiences and observations may also be included. Check out the Wiki page! philosophyslam.org
FOUR CORNERS: JOHN LOCKE (NW), VOLTAIRE (NE), ADAM SMITH (SW), OR MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT (SE)? Stand in the corner of the philosopher that you feel has been the most significant to world history. What was your philosopher’s idea/belief? Why was it different and groundbreaking at the time? How has it changed society? What component of SPICE did it most influence? Why? If your philosopher had never been alive, how would the world be different today?
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION! What? The emergence of modern science when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, medicine, and chemistry transformed views of society and nature. When? 16 th and 17 th centuries (1500’s and 1600’s) Who? Scientists and natural philosophers! Where? Western Europe (including Italy, Germany, England, France) Why? The emergence of the scientific method: a systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence.
MANKIND VIDEO CLIP http://www.history.com/shows/mankind-the-story-of-all-of- us/videos/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us-scientific-revolution http://www.history.com/shows/mankind-the-story-of-all-of- us/videos/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us-scientific-revolution Thought Questions: What was so revolutionary about the scientific method? Why do truths change over time?
TEAM DOCUMENT ANALYSIS! In your small groups, you will be reading and analyzing historical documents about a component of the Scientific Revolution. Prepare a 2-3 minute mini-lesson about the historical significance of the document and, specifically, how it changed peoples’ beliefs. Designate one team member to teach the mini-lesson, while the other members are prepared to answer questions.
EXIT TICKET How did the Scientific Revolution change peoples’ worldviews AND beliefs? Challenge question: How did the Scientific Revolution lead to the Enlightenment?