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All About Poetry… Keep a Poem in Your Pocket Keep a poem in your pocket And a picture in your head And you’ll never feel lonely At night when you’re.

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Presentation on theme: "All About Poetry… Keep a Poem in Your Pocket Keep a poem in your pocket And a picture in your head And you’ll never feel lonely At night when you’re."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 All About Poetry…

3 Keep a Poem in Your Pocket Keep a poem in your pocket And a picture in your head And you’ll never feel lonely At night when you’re in bed. The little poem will sing to you The little picture bring to you A dozen dreams to dance to you At night when you’re in bed. So… Keep a picture in your pocket And a poem in your head And you’ll never feel lonely At night when you’re in bed. -Beatrice Schenk de Regniers

4 How Poets Work: Poets LOOK closer Poets play with SOUND Poets make COMPARISONS

5 Song lyrics In the top box, write down your favorite song lyric (DO NOT use explicit lyrics). In about a sentence, explain what is so appealing to you about that song lyric in the bottom box.

6 Poetry It is difficult to give poetry a definition. A poem is an emotional experience. It is a thought or feeling, transmitted by the imagination into images and expressed in a beautiful and usually patterned language.

7 Lyric Poems Lyric poetry can be sung to musical accompaniment (in ancient times, usually a lyre). Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. “Musical in sound”…. Ode to Joy by Buster Baxter I've had cabbage, lettuce, blackberries Pasta, oats and strawberries Bagels, beans and hot dogs Eggplant, ham and cheese logs I've had pumpkin and potato Truffles and tomato Diced, sliced, cubed and riced Boiled and fried Soaked and dried Burgers, tacos, ice cream too Radishes red and berries blue Despite all this, I'm feeling thinner... Still, that was lunch, now what's for dinner?

8 What is Lyric Poetry? Lyric poetry expresses the personal thoughts and feelings of a single speaker. – Have a melodious, song like structure – Use imagery, sound devices, and figurative language “Poetry... is... a speaking picture... ” —Sir Philip Sidney

9 Ignoring the “love element” for a moment… What makes this line romantic? – Focus on individual emotion – Comparison and link to nature My love for you is like a red, red, rose

10 The Natural Element nature… Comparisons are often made to nature… why? – “Nature” – “Nature” a creative and controlling force in the universe – An inner force or the sum of such forces in an individual.

11 Okay, so what makes it Lyrical? Expresses the thoughts and emotions of one speaker… – “MY” – First person

12 Words and emotions create the tone of the poem What is the tone?

13 What techniques are used? Simile or Metaphor? Imagery? Alliteration? Rhyme?

14 What words are used? Love Red Rose

15 COMPARISON LOVEROSE

16 Can you replace any of the words and achieve the same effect? Yellow, white, pink? Tulip, daffodil, lily? Like, hate, tolerate?

17 So…how do words hold power? Explain.

18 Try the same thing with “Firework” List the words that are particularly emotional. Identify the speaker’s central message https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGJuM BdaqIw

19 COMPARISON POTENTIALFIREWORK

20 Can you replace any of the words and achieve the opposite effect? Sinking ship, falling rain? Explain why these would create the opposite effect of “firework.”

21 TRY IT! Replace words from the stanza below to capture a mood other than the one presented in Katy Perry’s song. You don’t have to feel like ________________ You’re ____________, cannot _____________ If you only knew ________________________ After a ______________ comes a __________

22 Rhyme Rhyme is the likeness of sound at the end of words. We piled, with care our nightly stack Of wood against the chimney-back The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, And on its top the stout back-stick. - “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier

23 Rhyme Scheme We piled, with care our nightly stack (A) Of wood against the chimney-back (A) The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, (B) And on its top the stout back-stick. (B) - “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier When reading a poem, use a different letter to keep track of each rhyme sound. That is the poem’s rhyme scheme.

24 Rhythm/ Meter Rhythm is a pattern of stressed syllables and unstressed syllables. Also called meter. A rhythm can make a poem sound serious or silly. Sisters Heart to Heart – by Joanna Duchs From the time that we were little, I knew you’d always be Not just a loving sister But a caring friend to me. A shoulder I could cry on, A helping hand in times of need, A cheerleader to lift me up, My angel in both word and deed. We told each other secrets; We giggled and we cried. We shared our joys and sorrows-- We were always side by side. We have a very special bond; I knew it from the start. You’ll have my love forever-- We’re sisters, heart to heart.

25 Quick Write Make a list of the things that you do during an ordinary day. What is the first thing you do in the morning? What is the last thing you do before bed? What is your favorite part of the day?

26 Quick Write Example Hit snooze Brush my teeth Plug in my straightener Drive to school Flip open my computer Curse the school’s internet Grade papers Teach lessons Drive to get my son Cook supper Wash dishes Wash clothes Take a hot bath Put together lunches Fall asleep

27 Name five activities listed by the speaker of “Woman Work.” Child care Sewing Shopping Cooking Gardening Ironing Cutting cane House cleaning Tending the sick Picking cotton

28 Name five activities listed by the speaker of “Daily.” Planting seeds Folding shirts Cooking Making beds Addressing envelopes Typing Dusting Doing laundry

29 Catalog poems A catalog poem brings together many different images and presents them for your attention. It wants you to enter the poem and, with your imagination, share an experience with the speaker. The repetition of images in a catalog poem creates a rolling rhythm when the poem is read aloud.

30 How would you describe the tone (emotional quality) in each poem? “Woman Work”“Daily”

31 How would you describe the tone (emotional quality) in each poem? “Woman Work”“Daily” The tone of “Woman Work” is desperate and resentful. She says “I’ve got…to [do]” the things she mentions and then she makes pleas to nature for relief from her work. The tone of “Daily” is content. She speaks of “making perfect white square[s]” of the t-shirts and describes her efforts as “The hands are churches that worship the world.”

32 Apostrophe (addressing someone or something directly) The second through fifth stanzas of “Woman Work” use apostrophe. What things does the speaker address? What does she ask for? She speaks to the elements She asks them for relief from her daily struggles.

33 Metaphor The last two lines of “Daily” are not part of the poem’s catalog. What is the poet saying about daily work in these lines? Each day of work is valuable and meaningful.

34 Imagery Chart Using the notes from your Quick Write, create images of what you do every day. Use at least one image for each of the five senses. SenseImage Sight Sound Taste Touch Smell

35 Imagery Chart Example SenseImage SightStare at a screen that endlessly circles clockwise Embrace the red of my grading pen SoundCease the buzzing of my clock The chipper of my children telling me of their day TasteCreate a minty freshness with my toothbrush A tangy bite of freshly seasoned meat TouchSink into my heated seats The soft touch of my fuzzy comforter SmellThe scent of burnt hairspray wafts from the straightener A hint of lavender from billowing bubbles

36 Assonance Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants. “Tune” and “June” are rhymes; “tune” and “food” are assonant. Example: mad hatter And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride. --Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"

37 Consonance Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds. Example: east, west Ralegh has backed the maid to a tree As Ireland is backed to England And drives inland Till all her strands are deadened.

38 Repetition Repetition is the recurring use of a sound, a word, a phrase or a line. It is used to appeal to our emotions and to emphasize important ideas. Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening – Robert Frost Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound's the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.

39 Parallelism Repeating the same idea over and over to emphasize a point. Keeping words and phrases in the same grammatical structure. Example: The lazy and sluggish snake Bit the merry and cheery little girl, Making her all sad and mournful

40 YOUR TURN!!! Expand your notes for the Quick Write into a catalog poem that lists the things you do every day. Choose images that make your day come alive for the reader. Begin your lists in one of the following ways – “I’ve got”… – “These/This”… Keep your poem in consistent meter (keep the lines approximately the same length with the same number of syllables). Use at least one line of assonance or consonance. Keep your poem in parallel structure.

41 Example “A Day in the Life…” I’ve got to pull myself from my cozy comforter, Endure the grit from my mint-infused toothpaste, Swath myself in professional clothes, Then sink into the heated seat to get to school. Where I’ve got to herd chatting kids into their seats, Bleed my grading pen onto their papers, Invent plans that will enlighten their minds, While enduring the buzz from my ancient projector. Then I’ve got to race to practice to pick up the kids, Concoct a dinner from miscellaneous hodgepodge, Switch the stacks of reeking laundry to wash, Before I fall into bed to do it again.

42 Mood Mood is the overall emotion created by a work of literature. Look at these two different moods: 1) Winter Garden Stark naked flower stalks Stand shivering in the wind. The cheerless sun hides its black light Behind bleak, angry clouds, While trees vainly try To catch their escaping leaves. Carpets of grass turn brown, Blending morosely with the dreary day. Winter seems the death of life forever. 2)Spring Garden Stunningly dressed flower stalks Stand shimmering in the breeze. The cheerful sun hides playfully Behind white, fluffy, cotton-ball clouds, While trees whisper secrets To their rustling leaves. Carpets of grass greenly glow Blending joyfully with the day. Spring brings life to death.

43 Images An image is a single word or phrase that appeals to one of our senses. An image can help us to see color or motion, to hear a sound, smell an odor, feel a texture or temperature, or even taste a flavor. Example: Through broken walls and gray The winds blow bleak and shrill; They are all gone away.

44 Imagery and Mood An image can be so fresh, so powerful, that it can speak to our deepest feelings. It can make us feel joy, grief, wonder, horror, love, or disgust. “Lost” Desolate and lone All night long on the lake Where fog trails and mist creeps The whistle of a boat Calls and cries unendingly, Like some lost child In tears and trouble Hunting the harbor’s breast And the harbor’s eyes. -Carl Sandburg

45 Practice To see how images can be drawn from all sorts of things we observe in life, create two images for each of the following categories. Have one image suggest something pleasant and the other suggest something unpleasant. Try to include images that suggest how a thing looks, smells, tastes, sounds, or feels to the touch.

46 Practice ImagesPleasantUnpleasant Animal images Flower images Water images Sky images Earth images City images Country images

47 Read “Starfish” on page 477 Answer each of the following questions in complete sentences: 1. Terrariums are small enclosures or containers that house plants or animals. Why does the speaker, seeing the starfish in the sand imagine that they have formed terrariums with their bodies? 2. What does the image of the approaching darkness contribute to the feeling of the poem? 3. List the images that appeal to our sense of sight and touch. SightTouch

48 Symbolism The use of a word or object which represents a deeper meaning than the words themselves It can be a material object or a written sign used to represent something invisible. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. -from “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost

49 Said a bird in the midst of a blitz “Up to now, they’ve scored very few hitz, so I’ll sit on my canny Old Star Spangled Fanny…” And on it he sitz and he sitz. -Dr. Seuss This represented or symbolized Dr. Seuss’s views of WWII. It shows a bird that represents Uncle Sam, sitting in a chair while bombs are exploding all around him. Bird = American Government

50 Find the symbols My school is a jungle. My teacher is Tarzan. He is always swinging through the classrooms making sure that everyone is working together in harmony. My friend Cole is like a monkey in the jungle. He likes to jump across seats and eat bananas. My other friend Laura is a giraffe. She is tall and slender and can look out above the tops of everyone’s head and see what is going on down the hallway. Finally, I am a rhinoceros. I am not as big as one, but I am good at charging through an assignment to get it done quickly with no messing around. Together we make up the jungle bunch in Mr. Heaton’s seventh grade English class.

51 Find the symbols My school is a jungle. My teacher is Tarzan. He is always swinging through the classrooms making sure that everyone is working together in harmony. My friend Cole is like a monkey in the jungle. He likes to jump across seats and eat bananas. My other friend Laura is a giraffe. She is tall and slender and can look out above the tops of everyone’s head and see what is going on down the hallway. Finally, I am a rhinoceros. I am not as big as one, but I am good at charging through an assignment to get it done quickly with no messing around. Together we make up the jungle bunch in Mr. Heaton’s seventh grade English class.

52 Four leaf clover luck

53 Heart Love

54 Eiffel Tower Romance Paris France

55 Dove Peace

56 Purple or blue ribbon Winner Bravery

57 Gold star Good behavior Excellence Teacher’s pet

58 Smiling face Happiness

59 Skull and bones Death Poison Danger Pirate

60 Turtle Slowness

61 Dollar sign Money Wealth Debt What something costs

62 Creating Symbols Write a symbol to represent the following: Birthday party Vacation Spanish class Fast car An artist

63 Write what your group identified for each of the following symbols. Creating Symbols

64 Birthday party

65 Vacation

66 Spanish class

67 Fast car

68 An artist

69 Quick Write Pick a special day of the year. Write down what you might hear, see, taste, smell, or touch on that day. Try to find images that reveal the way you might feel at a particular moment on that special day. Your special day: HearSeeTasteSmellTouch

70 Haiku This is a form of Japanese poetry. A haiku has only three lines (triplet), with five, seven and five syllables. A haiku usually describes a season of the year or some aspect of nature. Cold as a snowball Chilled colder than the white snow A lonely goodbye. --------------------------------------------- Some snowflakes descend To blanket a barren branch Others kiss the earth.

71 Traditional Haiku Present images from everyday life—usually two contrasting images Present comparisons that are not stated directly. Contain kigo, or words associated with a particular season. – For example, snow indicates winter. – Evening showers means that it is summer. – Frog suggests spring.

72 Traditional Haiku Present a moment of discovery or enlightenment Contain images that serve as a starting point for the reader’s own thoughts and associations.

73 Punctuation in Haiku Colons, dashes, and exclamation points indicate a shift in subject or mood. The period indicates the completion of the poem.

74 Haiku Continued I am first with five Then seven in the middle -- Five again to end. 17 syllables 1 st line—five syllables 2 nd line—seven syllables 3 rd line—five syllables Images—numbers Subject—the form of haiku

75 Haiku (translated) Get out of my road and allow me to plant these bamboos, Mr. Toad. --Miura Chora The old pond; A frog jumps in: Sound of water. --Matsuo Basho A morning glory Twined round the bucket: I will ask my neighbor for water. --Chiyo A dragonfly! The distant hills Reflected in his eyes. --Kobayashi Issa

76 Questions to analyze 1. Which of the four haiku follow the rule of five syllables in lines 1 and 3, and seven syllables in line 2? 2. Describe the images in Chora’s haiku. 3. Describe the images in Chiyo’s haiku. 4. Describe the images in Basho’s haiku. 5. Describe the images in Issa’s haiku. 6. Which haiku relies most on the sense of hearing?

77 Questions to analyze 7. What season of the year does Chora’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season? 8. What season of the year does Chiyo’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season? 9. What season of the year does Basho’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season? 10. What season of the year does Issa’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season?

78 Find the two contrasting images PoetContrasting images Miura Chora1. 2. Chiyo1. 2. Matsuo Basho1. 2. Kobayashi Issa1. 2.

79 In the poets’ shoes… In Chora’s haiku, do you wait for the toad to move, or do you poke it? In Chiyo’s haiku, do you ever use that bucket for water again? In Basho’s haiku, what might you be doing before the frog jumps in? In Issa’s haiku, for how long are you able to see the hills?

80 YOUR TURN!!! Write a haiku celebrating the special day you made notes about for the Quick Write. You must limit your haiku to three lines and seventeen syllables. Be sure you also use the following criteria: Bring two images together, usually for a contrast. Use a word describing the season or weather Present a moment of discovery.

81 Similes and Extended Similes A simile is a comparison using “like” or “as.” When a writer uses a simile across more than one line or even throughout an entire work, it is called an extended simile.

82 Practice Complete each of the following “starters” with a vivid simile. If the comparison isn’t obvious, add details to make the comparison clear. Clever like… As dull as… Crunchy like… As sticky as… Sweet like… As lonely as… As comfortable as… As sharp as… As blue as… Quick like…

83 Acrostic Poetry An acrostic poem is one in which certain letters, often the first letter of every line, form a name or a theme. Apples are yummy. Pretty and juicy. Please pick only when ripe. Licking jelly apples are fun. Eat them day and night.

84 With a partner Use the power of similes to create vivid and moving images in an acrostic poem that would be put into a time capsule. Try to capture the essence of what it means to be a youth in today’s culture. Each line should create a simile or metaphor. For example: “Teach” T elling students what to do can be like whispering into a hurricane. E xemplary pupils are as exciting as crystals found in a deserted mine A ll students are like unpolished gems; in need of tender care. C hildren are like rays of sunshine that light our way. H arrowing though it can be, teaching is like looking into the future.

85 Freshmen FRESHMENFRESHMEN

86 Lesson 15: Work with a partner to read and analyze the poems. “Participating in the Poem” Be sure to use complete sentences.

87 Hyperbole Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples I will love you forever. My house is a million miles from here. She’d kill me.

88 Practice http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=M0xNVAy 1gkQ As you listen to the song, keep track of hyperboles that occur in the lyrics.

89 Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds. Wham! Splat! Pow! I am in trouble now!

90 Practice http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=ci- KxKP4EeQ As you listen to the song, keep track of onomatopoeia that occurs in the lyrics.

91 Idioms An idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words.

92 Practice Identify the literal and figurative meanings of the following idioms and idiomatic phrases. 1. Kill two birds with one stone 2. On the ball 3. Cut corners 4. To hear something straight from the horse's mouth 5. Costs an arm and a leg 6. The last straw 7. Take what someone says with a grain of salt 8. Sit on the fence 9. The best of both worlds 10. Put wool over other people's eyes

93 Limericks The limerick takes its name from Limerick, Ireland. It is humorous and full of nonsense. It is a five line poem that consists of a triplet & a couplet. They often contain hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms and other figurative devices. The 1st, 2nd & 5th lines rhyme, with 3 beats per line The 3rd & 4th lines rhyme, with two beats per line. The last line is usually the punch line (the heart of the joke) There once was a student at school (A) Who would not conform to the rule (A) He used all his time (B) To write funny rhyme (B) And limericks he used as his tool. (A)

94 Another Limerick… There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare. He got some Rogaine, Grew out a mane, And now he resembles a bear!

95 You Try a Limerick 1. Complete this limerick with words that rhyme. There once was a princess named Meg Who accidentally broke her _____ She slipped on the ______ Not once, but twice Take no pity on her, I _________. 2. Write a limerick using these five words: kangaroo, zoo, too, pouch and ouch.

96 Writing Limericks with Hyperbole Get out your “Hyperbole” and “I Would Rather…” worksheets. Write two limericks that uses hyperbole based on each of your worksheets. Your limerick must follow these criteria: – Five line poem – AABBA rhyme scheme – Three beats in the first and second lines, – Two beats in the third and fourth lines, – Three beats in the fifth line, – Underline the hyperboles.

97 Example: I love my Miss Me jeans They are so great for teens. They sparkle and shine; They are all mine, And make me look good when I lean.

98 Example: Juliet was such a queen She acted like a teen With a deep sigh She wanted to die Now only her grave can be seen.

99 Rhythm and Meter Rhythm, or the repetition of sound patterns is what give poems their musical quality. This regular pattern is also called meter. – You can hear meter just as you can hear the steady beats of a heart.

100 Rhyme Rhyme is often the first thing we notice about a poem. Rhyme is the repetition of accented vowel sounds, and all the sounds following them. Approximate rhyme occurs when the repetition of accented vowel sounds is followed by sounds that are very similar, but not exactly the same.

101 Use this chart to analyze poems “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” “The Courage That My Mother Had” Rhyme scheme Approximate rhyme Simile Personification Metaphor Strong emotion Speaker

102 Use the chart to analyze these poems as you read. Read “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” and “The Courage That My Mother Had” on pages 533 & 537

103 Drawing conclusions 1. What details did each of the poets leave out of the poems? 2. What details contradicted the poems? 3. What lesson is the reader supposed to draw from the poem?

104 Shape Poems

105 Introduction Your challenge is to think and express yourself through poetry in a CREATIVE way. Today you will define what a shape poem is and you will learn how to create one.

106 What is a shape poem? takes the shape of the subject of the poem exp. if the poem is about a tree, it would be shaped like a tree uses simple objects for the shapes exp. hearts, houses, animals, etc.

107 Examples of Shape Poems

108 More Examples

109 How do you write a shape poem? Think of a poem topic Try to pick a topic that can be supported by a shape (abstract ideas might be harder to use) Draw an outline of the shape (you can keep the outline there or delete it later) Arrange your words within the shape (they can be just within the shape or outline it) Work with the look of the words until you find a look you like Write out a final copy to turn in

110 How to draw a shape poem Draw your shape ↑ Pitter Patter Pitter. Patter. The rain falls gently on my steel roof top. Slowly at first, but the tempo picks up. Soon it will be a thrashing of rain. Add words→ Try putting words in different orders→

111 Shape Poems This is a shape poem. Ideally, it should describe the shape it is, and rhyme, but as you can see, this one doesn't. But this will give you the idea: FUNNEL Here is a little poem... well, maybe it's not so little, but it certainly is a poem... although, come to think of it, this doesn't really rhyme, so maybe it's not a poem either; but anyway, here it is, and as you can see, it is of course funnel shaped, and before too long, quickly comes to the point, and right at about this place down here at the end !

112 More Shape Poems "Idea: Old Mazda Lamp, 50-100-150 W" By John Hollander

113 What to do next? Brainstorm ideas of what you could write about with your shoulder partner. (5 minutes) If you have any questions, ask!

114 Conclusion You have learned how to create a shape poem. You saw how to create and draw a shape poem. Here is your chance to demonstrate what you have learned by creating a shape poem. It can not be like any of the poems you already saw as examples. Here are the requirements: Hint: Your poem must be about the shape you draw or create. 1. You may use whatever materials you wish 2. Follow the rubric – the shape must relate to the poem. 3. Once you have created your object, you will present it to the class, Most important of all, have fun!

115 Rubric: 5 Exceeds expectation 4 Meets expectation 3 Approaches expectation 2 Developing this skill 1-0 Does not meet expectation Shape Is Creative Poem is related to shape Words Spelled Correctly Neatly done – Presentation, anyone can read the poem

116 Narrative Poems A NARRATIVE POEM tells a story and can be about anything. Sometimes the poem's lines have a rhyming pattern. Sometimes they don't rhyme at all. Narrative poems have all of the elements of a short story: a narrator, characters, a plot, and usually a setting—but it also has the characteristics of poetry. Narrative poems rely heavily on imagery and figures of speech to touch your emotions and capture your imagination.

117 THEME in Narrative Poetry Poems, like short stories, have themes, or central ideas. Often these themes are developed in metaphors and similes to save space as they connect to unlike things in imaginative ways.

118 Practice… Jimmy Goes to the City by Arthur Read Jimmy was a happy ape Until some hunters caught him He liked the jungle better than The city where they brought him The city was louder The city was meaner Even the dirt in the jungle was cleaner So Jimmy made a daring escape! The hunters were suddenly minus one ape! He climbed the tallest building Because from there he'd see How far away the jungle was From the middle of the city. Jimmy jumped into a passing plane But the pilot didn't wait for him to explain Jimmy flew back to the jungle And told his ape friends in their lair "The city's okay for a visit But you couldn't make me live there." Use the poem to complete the following chart: Narrator Characters Plot Setting Imagery Personification Theme

119 Quick Write Think about the word exile, and brainstorm with your group for two minutes about the images it calls to mind.

120 Read “Exile” on page 306 As you read summarize the story told by filling out a story map. Story map: “Exile” Narrator Main characters Settings Narrator’s problem Main events1. 2. 3.

121 Analyzing “Exile” 1. How would you describe the relationship between the speaker and Papi? 2. Choose three details (words, phrases, or images) that illustrate the speaker’s feeling of danger or fear. 3. As the family flees, what is associated with the idea of going to the beach? 4. Why does the beach scene in the store window represent America for the speaker? 5. What details in the poem help convey the sense that the speaker and her family don’t “fit in” when they get to the United States? 6. At the end of the poem, the speaker says that she and Papi are like “two swimmers…/eager, afraid, not yet sure of the outcome.” What is she saying through the use of this simile? 7. How would you state the theme of this poem? (What is the point the speaker is making about her experience of immigrating the United States?)

122 Found Poetry Activity Read the non-fiction article assigned to your group. As you read, keep a list of interesting words, phrases, and images. Reading: “How to Eat a Guava” pgs. 625- 626 “Poe’s Final Days” pgs. 222- 223 “Kennedy’s Assassination” pgs. 728-729 “Feeding Frenzy” pgs. 122-123 “Romeo and Juliet in Bosnia” pgs. 1035-1036 “Wounded and Trapped” pgs. 701-702

123 Notes: Keep track of as many notable details as you can find in the text. Interesting Words:Interesting Phrases:Vivid Images:

124 Found Poem Directions 1. With your group choose, 12-13 quotes from the assigned reading notes that you took. 2. Use the quotes to create a poem in whatever order you feel is appropriate to reflect the mood/atmosphere/tone of the article OR a character’s perspective/feelings. different 3. ** You can repeat quotes, but must have at least 12-13 different quotes. 4. Give your poem a title. 5. Copy the poem neatly onto unlined paper…using colors, images, etc. as you see fit for creativity.

125 Ballads Ballad Poems are poems that tell a story like a narrative poem and often have a repeated refrain. A ballad is usually about love and often sung like a lyric poem. They usually have: Four line stanzas (quatrain) Rhyming Repetition The Ballad of the Green Beret: http://youtu.be/LH4-tOqLH94 http://www.brownielocks.com/balladofthegreenberetsWAVE.html

126 Love stories Most often, ballads are stories about love, but they can be about anything that has deeply affect the poet. Ballads are regal ways to share any heartfelt experience, whether it is painful or one that is positive.

127 First impressions The first line of a ballad is the most important because it introduces the reader to the story. In order to reel the reader in, it might be a good idea to open up the poem with a question or use the word “you” so that the reader feels like they are truly inserted into this moment in your life. This way, the reader can directly relate to and feel the emotions you describe in the poem.

128 Rhyme Time Most commonly, ballads have four groups or stanzas, of three lines with an AAB rhyme scheme where the first two lines rhyme and the third line is different.

129 CHORUS Something that makes a ballad a unique type of poem is that they have choruses. Typically, the third line of each stanza is the chorus, so you need to make sure that line is something that is relevant throughout the entire story, because it will be repeated many times. So, your poem’s rhyme scheme will most likely look like AAB CCB DDB EEB, with the same line at the end of each stanza.

130 Sing a song Since ballads tell stories while using rhyme and repetition, they are great for turning into songs. Maybe you can try putting music to your new poem and sing it to the class?

131 Ballad Activity Read the non-fiction article assigned to your group. As you read, keep a map of the story’s action and how the characters interact using a story map Reading: “Feeding Frenzy” pgs. 122-123 “Romeo and Juliet in Bosnia” pgs. 1035-1036 “Wounded and Trapped” pgs. 701-702 “How to Eat a Guava” pgs. 625- 626 “Poe’s Final Days” pgs. 223- 224 “Kennedy’s Assassination” pgs. 728-729

132 Story map Element“___________________________” Narrator Characters Setting Plot Theme Imagery Similes/Metaphors/Personification

133 Extra! Your groups will be writing and performing a ballad using the article assigned to you. EACH GROUP MEMBER Is responsible for writing one stanza of the ballad Is responsible for performing one stanza of the ballad. Ballads must be Summative of the action in the article Coherent stories Original and creative Extra credit Extra credit will be given to class members or groups who sing (or “rap”) their ballads.

134 Free Verse Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound. Notice: i is not capitalized and there aren’t “normal” sentences….It’s free verse. Winter Poem once a snowflake fell on my brow and i loved it so much and i kissed it and it was happy and called its cousins and brothers and a web of snow engulfed me then i reached to love them all and i squeezed them and they became a spring rain and i stood perfectly still and was a flower - By Nikki Giovanni

135 More Free Verse… A Dream I dreamed the clouds were dragons. Billows of fluff, not fire Came toward me. I needed not my sword.

136 Practice Find elements of poetry in the world around you. 1. List ten names. Which syllables are stressed? Which are not stressed? How many “beats” does each name have? 2. List three political slogans or commercial slogans or jingles with rhyme and alliteration. Identify rhyme by underlining the words and alliteration by underlining the similar beginning sounds. 3. Identify two exact rhymes and two approximate rhymes to go with each of these words: ocean, wash, warm, beard, power. 4. List three examples of personification in songs that you hear on the radio. 5. Describe the following scenes using onomatopoeia: – A rainy, windy night – A cat munching on dry cat food


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