2Keep a Poem in Your Pocket And a picture in your headAnd you’ll never feel lonelyAt night when you’re in bed.The little poem will sing to youThe little picture bring to youA dozen dreams to dance to youSo…Keep a picture in your pocketAnd a poem in your head-Beatrice Schenk de Regniers
3How Poets Work: Poets LOOK closer Poets play with SOUND Poets make Poets LOOK closer Poets playwith SOUNDPoets make COMPARISONS
4Song lyricsIn the top box, write down your favorite song lyric (DO NOT use explicit lyrics).In about a sentence, explain what is so appealing to you about that song lyric in the bottom box.
5Poetry It is difficult to give poetry a definition. A poem is an emotional experience.It is a thought or feeling, transmitted by the imagination into images and expressed in a beautiful and usually patterned language.
6Lyric PoemsLyric poetry can be sung to musical accompaniment (in ancient times, usually a lyre). Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. “Musical in sound”….Ode to Joy by Buster BaxterI've had cabbage, lettuce, blackberries Pasta, oats and strawberries Bagels, beans and hot dogs Eggplant, ham and cheese logs I've had pumpkin and potato Truffles and tomato Diced, sliced, cubed and riced Boiled and fried Soaked and dried Burgers, tacos, ice cream too Radishes red and berries blue Despite all this, I'm feeling thinner... Still, that was lunch, now what's for dinner?
7What is Lyric Poetry?Lyric poetry expresses the personal thoughts and feelings of a single speaker.Have a melodious, song like structureUse imagery, sound devices, and figurative language“Poetry . . . is. . . a speaking picture . . . ” —Sir Philip Sidney
8Ignoring the “love element” for a moment… What makes this line romantic?Focus on individual emotionComparison and link to natureMy love for you is like a red, red, rose
9The Natural Element Comparisons are often made to nature… why? “Nature” a creative and controlling force in the universeAn inner force or the sum of such forces in an individual.
10Okay, so what makes it Lyrical? Expresses the thoughts and emotions of one speaker…“MY”First person
11Words and emotions create the tone of the poem What is the tone?
12What techniques are used? Simile or Metaphor?Imagery?Alliteration?Rhyme?
19Can you replace any of the words and achieve the opposite effect? Sinking ship, falling rain?Explain why these would create the opposite effect of “firework.”
20TRY IT!Replace words from the stanza below to capture a mood other than the one presented in Katy Perry’s song.You don’t have to feel like ________________You’re ____________, cannot _____________If you only knew ________________________After a ______________ comes a __________
21Rhyme Rhyme is the likeness of sound at the end of words. We piled, with care our nightly stack Of wood against the chimney-backThe oaken log, green, huge, and thick, And on its top the stout back-stick.- “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier
22Rhyme Scheme We piled, with care our nightly stack (A) Of wood against the chimney-back (A)The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, (B)And on its top the stout back-stick. (B)- “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf WhittierWhen reading a poem, use a different letter to keep track of each rhyme sound. That is the poem’s rhyme scheme.
23Rhythm/ MeterRhythm is a pattern of stressed syllables and unstressed syllables. Also called meter. A rhythm can make a poem sound serious or silly.Sisters Heart to Heart – by Joanna DuchsFrom the time that we were little, I knew you’d always be Not just a loving sister But a caring friend to me.A shoulder I could cry on, A helping hand in times of need, A cheerleader to lift me up, My angel in both word and deed.We told each other secrets; We giggled and we cried. We shared our joys and sorrows-- We were always side by side.We have a very special bond; I knew it from the start. You’ll have my love forever-- We’re sisters, heart to heart.
24Quick WriteMake a list of the things that you do during an ordinary day. What is the first thing you do in the morning? What is the last thing you do before bed? What is your favorite part of the day?
25Quick Write Example Hit snooze Brush my teeth Plug in my straightener Drive to schoolFlip open my computerCurse the school’s internetGrade papersTeach lessonsDrive to get my sonCook supperWash dishesWash clothesTake a hot bathPut together lunchesFall asleep
26Name five activities listed by the speaker of “Woman Work.” Child careSewingShoppingCookingGardeningIroningCutting caneHouse cleaningTending the sickPicking cotton
27Name five activities listed by the speaker of “Daily.” Planting seedsFolding shirtsCookingMaking bedsAddressing envelopesTypingDustingDoing laundry
28Catalog poemsA catalog poem brings together many different images and presents them for your attention. It wants you to enter the poem and, with your imagination, share an experience with the speaker.The repetition of images in a catalog poem creates a rolling rhythm when the poem is read aloud.
29How would you describe the tone (emotional quality) in each poem? “Woman Work”“Daily”
30How would you describe the tone (emotional quality) in each poem? “Woman Work”“Daily”The tone of “Woman Work” is desperate and resentful. She says “I’ve got…to [do]” the things she mentions and then she makes pleas to nature for relief from her work.The tone of “Daily” is content. She speaks of “making perfect white square[s]” of the t-shirts and describes her efforts as “The hands are churches that worship the world.”
31Apostrophe (addressing someone or something directly) The second through fifth stanzas of “Woman Work” use apostrophe. What things does the speaker address? What does she ask for?She speaks to the elementsShe asks them for relief from her daily struggles.
32MetaphorThe last two lines of “Daily” are not part of the poem’s catalog. What is the poet saying about daily work in these lines?Each day of work is valuable and meaningful.
33Imagery ChartUsing the notes from your Quick Write, create images of what you do every day. Use at least one image for each of the five senses.SenseImageSightSoundTasteTouchSmell
34Imagery Chart Example Sense Image Sight Stare at a screen that endlessly circles clockwiseEmbrace the red of my grading penSoundCease the buzzing of my clockThe chipper of my children telling me of their dayTasteCreate a minty freshness with my toothbrushA tangy bite of freshly seasoned meatTouchSink into my heated seatsThe soft touch of my fuzzy comforterSmellThe scent of burnt hairspray wafts from the straightenerA hint of lavender from billowing bubbles
35AssonanceAssonance is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants. “Tune” and “June” are rhymes; “tune” and “food” are assonant.Example: mad hatterAnd so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride.--Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"
36Consonance Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds. Example: east, westRalegh has backed the maid to a tree As Ireland is backed to England And drives inland Till all her strands are deadened.
37Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening – Robert Frost RepetitionRepetition is the recurring use of a sound, a word, a phrase or a line. It is used to appeal to our emotions and to emphasize important ideas.Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening – Robert FrostWhose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound's the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.
38ParallelismRepeating the same idea over and over to emphasize a point.Keeping words and phrases in the same grammatical structure.Example:The lazy and sluggish snakeBit the merry and cheery little girl,Making her all sad and mournful
39YOUR TURN!!!Expand your notes for the Quick Write into a catalog poem that lists the things you do every day. Choose images that make your day come alive for the reader.Begin your lists in one of the following ways“I’ve got”…“These/This”…Keep your poem in consistent meter (keep the lines approximately the same length with the same number of syllables).Use at least one line of assonance or consonance.Keep your poem in parallel structure.
40Example“A Day in the Life…” I’ve got to pull myself from my cozy comforter, Endure the grit from my mint-infused toothpaste, Swath myself in professional clothes, Then sink into the heated seat to get to school. Where I’ve got to herd chatting kids into their seats, Bleed my grading pen onto their papers, Invent plans that will enlighten their minds, While enduring the buzz from my ancient projector. Then I’ve got to race to practice to pick up the kids, Concoct a dinner from miscellaneous hodgepodge, Switch the stacks of reeking laundry to wash, Before I fall into bed to do it again.
41MoodMood is the overall emotion created by a work of literature. Look at these two different moods:1) Winter Garden Stark naked flower stalks Stand shivering in the wind. The cheerless sun hides its black light Behind bleak, angry clouds, While trees vainly try To catch their escaping leaves. Carpets of grass turn brown, Blending morosely with the dreary day. Winter seems the death of life forever.2) Spring Garden Stunningly dressed flower stalks Stand shimmering in the breeze. The cheerful sun hides playfully Behind white, fluffy, cotton-ball clouds, While trees whisper secrets To their rustling leaves. Carpets of grass greenly glow Blending joyfully with the day. Spring brings life to death.
42ImagesAn image is a single word or phrase that appeals to one of our senses. An image can help us to see color or motion, to hear a sound, smell an odor, feel a texture or temperature, or even taste a flavor.Example:Through broken walls and grayThe winds blow bleak and shrill;They are all gone away.
43Imagery and MoodAn image can be so fresh, so powerful, that it can speak to our deepest feelings. It can make us feel joy, grief, wonder, horror, love, or disgust.“Lost”Desolate and loneAll night long on the lakeWhere fog trails and mist creepsThe whistle of a boatCalls and cries unendingly,Like some lost childIn tears and troubleHunting the harbor’s breastAnd the harbor’s eyes.-Carl Sandburg
44PracticeTo see how images can be drawn from all sorts of things we observe in life, create two images for each of the following categories. Have one image suggest something pleasant and the other suggest something unpleasant. Try to include images that suggest how a thing looks, smells, tastes, sounds, or feels to the touch.
45Practice Images Pleasant Unpleasant Animal images Flower images Water imagesSky imagesEarth imagesCity imagesCountry images
46Read “Starfish” on page 477 Answer each of the following questions in complete sentences:Terrariums are small enclosures or containers that house plants or animals. Why does the speaker, seeing the starfish in the sand imagine that they have formed terrariums with their bodies?What does the image of the approaching darkness contribute to the feeling of the poem?List the images that appeal to our sense of sight and touch.SightTouch
47SymbolismThe use of a word or object which represents a deeper meaning than the words themselvesIt can be a material object or a written sign used to represent something invisible.I shall be telling this with a sighSomewhere ages and ages hence:Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—I took the one less traveled by,And that has made all the difference.-from “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost
48Bird = American Government This represented or symbolized Dr. Seuss’s views of WWII. It shows a bird that represents Uncle Sam, sitting in a chair while bombs are exploding all around him.Bird = American GovernmentSaid a bird in the midst of a blitz “Up to now, they’ve scored very few hitz, so I’ll sit on my canny Old Star Spangled Fanny…” And on it he sitz and he sitz. -Dr. Seuss
49Find the symbolsMy school is a jungle. My teacher is Tarzan. He is always swinging through the classrooms making sure that everyone is working together in harmony. My friend Cole is like a monkey in the jungle. He likes to jump across seats and eat bananas. My other friend Laura is a giraffe. She is tall and slender and can look out above the tops of everyone’s head and see what is going on down the hallway. Finally, I am a rhinoceros. I am not as big as one, but I am good at charging through an assignment to get it done quickly with no messing around. Together we make up the jungle bunch in Mr. Heaton’s seventh grade English class.
50Find the symbolsMy school is a jungle. My teacher is Tarzan. He is always swinging through the classrooms making sure that everyone is working together in harmony. My friend Cole is like a monkey in the jungle. He likes to jump across seats and eat bananas. My other friend Laura is a giraffe. She is tall and slender and can look out above the tops of everyone’s head and see what is going on down the hallway. Finally, I am a rhinoceros. I am not as big as one, but I am good at charging through an assignment to get it done quickly with no messing around. Together we make up the jungle bunch in Mr. Heaton’s seventh grade English class.
68Quick WritePick a special day of the year. Write down what you might hear, see, taste, smell, or touch on that day. Try to find images that reveal the way you might feel at a particular moment on that special day.Your special day:HearSeeTasteSmellTouch
69HaikuThis is a form of Japanese poetry. A haiku has only three lines (triplet), with five, seven and five syllables. A haiku usually describes a season of the year or some aspect of nature.Cold as a snowballChilled colder than the white snowA lonely goodbye.Some snowflakes descendTo blanket a barren branchOthers kiss the earth.
70Traditional HaikuPresent images from everyday life—usually two contrasting imagesPresent comparisons that are not stated directly.Contain kigo, or words associated with a particular season.For example, snow indicates winter.Evening showers means that it is summer.Frog suggests spring.
71Traditional Haiku Present a moment of discovery or enlightenment Contain images that serve as a starting point for the reader’s own thoughts and associations.
72Punctuation in HaikuColons, dashes, and exclamation points indicate a shift in subject or mood.The period indicates the completion of the poem.
73Haiku ContinuedI am first with five Then seven in the middle -- Five again to end.17 syllables1st line—five syllables2nd line—seven syllables3rd line—five syllablesImages—numbersSubject—the form of haiku
74Haiku (translated)Get out of my road and allow me to plant these bamboos, Mr. Toad. --Miura ChoraThe old pond;A frog jumps in:Sound of water.--Matsuo BashoA morning gloryTwined round the bucket:I will ask my neighbor for water.--ChiyoA dragonfly!The distant hillsReflected in his eyes.--Kobayashi Issa
75Questions to analyzeWhich of the four haiku follow the rule of five syllables in lines 1 and 3, and seven syllables in line 2?Describe the images in Chora’s haiku.Describe the images in Chiyo’s haiku.Describe the images in Basho’s haiku.Describe the images in Issa’s haiku.Which haiku relies most on the sense of hearing?
76Questions to analyze7. What season of the year does Chora’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season? 8. What season of the year does Chiyo’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season? 9. What season of the year does Basho’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season? 10. What season of the year does Issa’s haiku describe? What word indicates that season?
77Find the two contrasting images PoetContrasting imagesMiura Chora1.2.ChiyoMatsuo BashoKobayashi Issa
78In the poets’ shoes…In Chora’s haiku, do you wait for the toad to move, or do you poke it?In Chiyo’s haiku, do you ever use that bucket for water again?In Basho’s haiku, what might you be doing before the frog jumps in?In Issa’s haiku, for how long are you able to see the hills?
79YOUR TURN!!!Write a haiku celebrating the special day you made notes about for the Quick Write. You must limit your haiku to three lines and seventeen syllables. Be sure you also use the following criteria:Bring two images together, usually for a contrast.Use a word describing the season or weatherPresent a moment of discovery.
80Similes and Extended Similes A simile is a comparison using “like” or “as.”When a writer uses a simile across more than one line or even throughout an entire work, it is called an extended simile.
81PracticeComplete each of the following “starters” with a vivid simile. If the comparison isn’t obvious, add details to make the comparison clear.Clever like…As dull as…Crunchy like…As sticky as…Sweet like…As lonely as…As comfortable as…As sharp as…As blue as…Quick like…
82Acrostic PoetryAn acrostic poem is one in which certain letters, often the first letter of every line, form a name or a theme.Apples are yummy. Pretty and juicy. Please pick only when ripe. Licking jelly apples are fun. Eat them day and night.
83With a partnerUse the power of similes to create vivid and moving images in an acrostic poem that would be put into a time capsule. Try to capture the essence of what it means to be a youth in today’s culture. Each line should create a simile or metaphor.For example:“Teach”Telling students what to do can be like whispering into a hurricane.Exemplary pupils are as exciting as crystals found in a deserted mineAll students are like unpolished gems; in need of tender care.Children are like rays of sunshine that light our way.Harrowing though it can be, teaching is like looking into the future.
85“Participating in the Poem” Lesson 15: Work with a partner to read and analyze the poems.Be sure to use complete sentences.
86Hyperbole Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples I will love you forever.My house is a million miles from here.She’d kill me.
87Practice http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0xNVAy1gkQ As you listen to the song, keep track of hyperboles that occur in the lyrics.
88Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds. Wham! Splat! Pow! I am in trouble now!
89Practice http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ci-KxKP4EeQ As you listen to the song, keep track of onomatopoeia that occurs in the lyrics.
90IdiomsAn idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words.
91PracticeIdentify the literal and figurative meanings of the following idioms and idiomatic phrases.Kill two birds with one stoneOn the ballCut cornersTo hear something straight from the horse's mouthCosts an arm and a legThe last strawTake what someone says with a grain of saltSit on the fenceThe best of both worldsPut wool over other people's eyes
92LimericksThe limerick takes its name from Limerick, Ireland. It is humorous and full of nonsense. It is a five line poem that consists of a triplet & a couplet. They often contain hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms and other figurative devices.The 1st, 2nd & 5th lines rhyme, with 3 beats per lineThe 3rd & 4th lines rhyme, with two beats per line.The last line is usually the punch line (the heart of the joke)There once was a student at school (A)Who would not conform to the rule (A)He used all his time (B)To write funny rhyme (B)And limericks he used as his tool. (A)
93Another Limerick… There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare.He got some Rogaine,Grew out a mane,And now he resembles a bear!
94You Try a Limerick Complete this limerick with words that rhyme. There once was a princess named MegWho accidentally broke her _____She slipped on the ______Not once, but twiceTake no pity on her, I _________.Write a limerick using these five words: kangaroo, zoo, too, pouch and ouch.
95Writing Limericks with Hyperbole Get out your “Hyperbole” and “I Would Rather…” worksheets.Write two limericks that uses hyperbole based on each of your worksheets.Your limerick must follow these criteria:Five line poemAABBA rhyme schemeThree beats in the first and second lines,Two beats in the third and fourth lines,Three beats in the fifth line,Underline the hyperboles.
96Example:I love my Miss Me jeans They are so great for teens. They sparkle and shine; They are all mine, And make me look good when I lean.
97Example:Juliet was such a queen She acted like a teen With a deep sigh She wanted to die Now only her grave can be seen.
98Rhythm and MeterRhythm, or the repetition of sound patterns is what give poems their musical quality.This regular pattern is also called meter.You can hear meter just as you can hear the steady beats of a heart.
99Rhyme Rhyme is often the first thing we notice about a poem. Rhyme is the repetition of accented vowel sounds, and all the sounds following them.Approximate rhyme occurs when the repetition of accented vowel sounds is followed by sounds that are very similar, but not exactly the same.
100Use this chart to analyze poems “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”“The Courage That My Mother Had”Rhyme schemeApproximate rhymeSimilePersonificationMetaphorStrong emotionSpeaker
101Use the chart to analyze these poems as you read. Read “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” and “The Courage That My Mother Had” on pages 533 & 537Use the chart to analyze these poems as you read.
102Drawing conclusionsWhat details did each of the poets leave out of the poems?What details contradicted the poems?What lesson is the reader supposed to draw from the poem?
108How do you write a shape poem? Think of a poem topicTry to pick a topic that can be supported by a shape (abstract ideas might be harder to use)Draw an outline of the shape (you can keep the outline there or delete it later)Arrange your words within the shape (they can be just within the shape or outline it)Work with the look of the words until you find a look you likeWrite out a final copy to turn in
109Try putting words in different orders→ How to draw a shape poemPitterPatterPitter. Patter. The rain falls gently on my steel roof top. Slowly at first, but the tempo picks up. Soon it will be a thrashing of rain.Try putting words in different orders→Draw your shape ↑Add words→
110Shape PoemsThis is a shape poem. Ideally, it should describe the shape it is, and rhyme, but as you can see, this one doesn't. But this will give you the idea:FUNNEL Here is a little poem ... well, maybe it's not so little, but it certainly is a poem ... although, come to think of it, this doesn't really rhyme, so maybe it's not a poem either; but anyway, here it is, and as you can see, it is of course funnel shaped, and before too long, quickly comes to the point, and right at about this place down here at the end !
111More Shape Poems"Idea: Old Mazda Lamp, W" By John Hollander
112What to do next?Brainstorm ideas of what you could write about with your shoulder partner. (5 minutes)If you have any questions, ask!
113ConclusionYou have learned how to create a shape poem. You saw how to create and draw a shape poem. Here is your chance to demonstrate what you have learned by creating a shape poem. It can not be like any of the poems you already saw as examples.Here are the requirements:Hint: Your poem must be about the shape you draw or create.You may use whatever materials you wishFollow the rubric – the shape must relate to the poem.Once you have created your object, you will present it to the class, Most important of all, have fun!
114Rubric: 5 Exceeds expectation 4 Meets expectation 3 Approaches expectation2Developing this skill1-0Does not meet expectationShape Is CreativePoem is related to shapeWords Spelled CorrectlyNeatly done – Presentation, anyone can read the poem
115Narrative PoemsA NARRATIVE POEM tells a story and can be about anything. Sometimes the poem's lines have a rhyming pattern. Sometimes they don't rhyme at all.Narrative poems have all of the elements of a short story: a narrator, characters, a plot, and usually a setting—but it also has the characteristics of poetry.Narrative poems rely heavily on imagery and figures of speech to touch your emotions and capture your imagination.
116THEME in Narrative Poetry Poems, like short stories, have themes, or central ideas.Often these themes are developed in metaphors and similes to save space as they connect to unlike things in imaginative ways.
117Practice… Narrator Characters Plot Setting Imagery Personification Use the poem to complete the following chart:Jimmy Goes to the City by Arthur ReadJimmy was a happy ape Until some hunters caught him He liked the jungle better than The city where they brought him The city was louder The city was meaner Even the dirt in the jungle was cleaner So Jimmy made a daring escape! The hunters were suddenly minus one ape! He climbed the tallest building Because from there he'd see How far away the jungle was From the middle of the city. Jimmy jumped into a passing plane But the pilot didn't wait for him to explain Jimmy flew back to the jungle And told his ape friends in their lair "The city's okay for a visit But you couldn't make me live there."NarratorCharactersPlotSettingImageryPersonificationTheme
118Quick WriteThink about the word exile, and brainstorm with your group for two minutes about the images it calls to mind.
119Read “Exile” on page 306As you read summarize the story told by filling out a story map.Story map:“Exile”NarratorMain charactersSettingsNarrator’s problemMain events1.2.3.
120Analyzing “Exile”How would you describe the relationship between the speaker and Papi?Choose three details (words, phrases, or images) that illustrate the speaker’s feeling of danger or fear.As the family flees, what is associated with the idea of going to the beach?Why does the beach scene in the store window represent America for the speaker?What details in the poem help convey the sense that the speaker and her family don’t “fit in” when they get to the United States?At the end of the poem, the speaker says that she and Papi are like “two swimmers…/eager, afraid, not yet sure of the outcome.” What is she saying through the use of this simile?How would you state the theme of this poem? (What is the point the speaker is making about her experience of immigrating the United States?)
121Found Poetry ActivityRead the non-fiction article assigned to your group.As you read, keep a list of interesting words, phrases, and images.Reading:“How to Eat a Guava” pgs“Poe’s Final Days” pgs“Kennedy’s Assassination” pgs“Feeding Frenzy” pgs“Romeo and Juliet in Bosnia” pgs“Wounded and Trapped” pgs
122Notes: Keep track of as many notable details as you can find in the text. Interesting Words:Interesting Phrases:Vivid Images:
123Found Poem DirectionsWith your group choose, quotes from the assigned reading notes that you took.Use the quotes to create a poem in whatever order you feel is appropriate to reflect the mood/atmosphere/tone of the article OR a character’s perspective/feelings.** You can repeat quotes, but must have at least different quotes.Give your poem a title.Copy the poem neatly onto unlined paper…using colors, images, etc. as you see fit for creativity.
124BalladsBallad Poems are poems that tell a story like a narrative poem and often have a repeated refrain. A ballad is usually about love and often sung like a lyric poem.They usually have:Four line stanzas (quatrain)RhymingRepetitionThe Ballad of the Green Beret:
125Love storiesMost often, ballads are stories about love, but they can be about anything that has deeply affect the poet. Ballads are regal ways to share any heartfelt experience, whether it is painful or one that is positive.
126First impressionsThe first line of a ballad is the most important because it introduces the reader to the story. In order to reel the reader in, it might be a good idea to open up the poem with a question or use the word “you” so that the reader feels like they are truly inserted into this moment in your life. This way, the reader can directly relate to and feel the emotions you describe in the poem.
127Rhyme TimeMost commonly, ballads have four groups or stanzas, of three lines with an AAB rhyme scheme where the first two lines rhyme and the third line is different.
128CHORUSSomething that makes a ballad a unique type of poem is that they have choruses. Typically, the third line of each stanza is the chorus, so you need to make sure that line is something that is relevant throughout the entire story, because it will be repeated many times. So, your poem’s rhyme scheme will most likely look like AAB CCB DDB EEB, with the same line at the end of each stanza.
129Sing a songSince ballads tell stories while using rhyme and repetition, they are great for turning into songs. Maybe you can try putting music to your new poem and sing it to the class?
130Ballad Activity Read the non-fiction article assigned to your group. As you read, keep a map of the story’s action and how the characters interact using a story mapReading:“Feeding Frenzy” pgs“Romeo and Juliet in Bosnia” pgs“Wounded and Trapped” pgs“How to Eat a Guava” pgs“Poe’s Final Days” pgs“Kennedy’s Assassination” pgs
131Story map Element “___________________________” Narrator Characters SettingPlotThemeImagerySimiles/Metaphors/Personification
132Extra! Extra!Your groups will be writing and performing a ballad using the article assigned to you.EACH GROUP MEMBERIs responsible for writing one stanza of the balladIs responsible for performing one stanza of the ballad.Ballads must beSummative of the action in the articleCoherent storiesOriginal and creativeExtra credit will be given to class members or groups who sing (or “rap”) their ballads.
133Free Verse Winter Poem once a snowflake fell on my brow and i loved Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound. Notice: i is not capitalized and there aren’t “normal” sentences….It’s free verse.Winter Poemonce a snowflake fellon my brow and i lovedit so much and i kissedit and it was happy and called its cousinsand brothers and a webof snow engulfed me theni reached to love them alland i squeezed them and they becamea spring rain and i stood perfectlystill and was a flower - By Nikki Giovanni
134More Free Verse…A Dream I dreamed the clouds were dragons. Billows of fluff, not fire Came toward me. I needed not my sword.
135Practice Find elements of poetry in the world around you. List ten names. Which syllables are stressed? Which are not stressed? How many “beats” does each name have?List three political slogans or commercial slogans or jingles with rhyme and alliteration. Identify rhyme by underlining the words and alliteration by underlining the similar beginning sounds.Identify two exact rhymes and two approximate rhymes to go with each of these words: ocean, wash, warm, beard, power.List three examples of personification in songs that you hear on the radio.Describe the following scenes using onomatopoeia:A rainy, windy nightA cat munching on dry cat food