Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

How to Interpret a Poem. music art Artists use color and line to create a beautiful painting. Musicians use rhythm and sound to capture a mood or convey.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "How to Interpret a Poem. music art Artists use color and line to create a beautiful painting. Musicians use rhythm and sound to capture a mood or convey."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Interpret a Poem

2 music art Artists use color and line to create a beautiful painting. Musicians use rhythm and sound to capture a mood or convey feeling In the same way, poets use various literary techniques to convey the sense, or meaning of a poem and to convey mood and feeling. These techniques include choice of the speaker, sound, imagery and figurative language.

3 You should learn to think about all these techniques so that when you interpret a poem you will be able to show the connection between the techniques of the poem and its meaning.

4 The SPEAKER or voice of the poem. Sometimes the speaker is the poet him/herself and sometimes the speaker is a character or a thing the poet has created him/herself.

5 The SOUND DEVICES a poet might use such as onomatopoeia or alliteration.

6 R HYME (the repetition at regular intervals of similar or identical sounds) and RHYTHM (the pattern created by arranging stressed and unstressed syllables).

7 A poems IMAGES may appeal to one or more senses. Sight, sound, touch, taste, smell, internal feelings

8 metaphor simile personification

9 be done in five easy steps… 1. Read the poem silently to yourself. 2. Reread the poem aloud. 3. Read the poem again silently to yourself. 4. Decide what you think the poem is about. If you have no idea, paraphrase the poem line by line to help you figure it out. 5. Identify the poetic devices

10 Does the poem focus on the actions of a character?

11 Does the poem describe something?

12 Does the poem focus on an idea? A feeling?

13 What emotional response does the poem seem to call up in you?

14 After your first emotional response to the poem, on what does the poem cause you to reflect?

15 The PoemThe Activity Four Little Foxes By Lew Sarett Speak gently, Spring, and make no sudden sound For in my windy valley, yesterday I found New-born foxes squirming on the ground – Speak gently. Walk softly, March, forbear the bitter blow; Her feet within a trap, her blood upon the snow, The four little foxes saw their mother go – Walk softly. Go lightly, Spring, oh, give them no alarm; When I covered them with boughs to shelter them from harm, The thin blue foxes suckled at my arm - Go lightly. Step softly, March, with your rampant hurricane; Nuzzling one another, and whimpering with pain, The new little foxes are shivering in the rain – Step softly. 1. Read the poem silently to yourself. Make a note of the vocabulary you dont understand. 2. What is this poem about? 3. Does the poem focus on the actions of a character? 4. Does the poem describe something? 5. Does the poem focus on an idea? A feeling? 6.What emotional response does the poem seem to call up in you? 7.After your first emotional response to the poem, on what does the poem cause you to reflect? 8. What poetic devices do you see in this poem? Use the chart to help you.

16 Selection of Speaker SoundImageryFigurative Language Who is speaking? What is his/her attitude? Examples: Rhythm Rhyme Alliteration What images are created to appeal to our senses? Sight: Sound: Taste: Touch: Internal Feelings: Personification Metaphor Simile

17 Four Little Foxes By Lew Sarett Speak gently, Spring, and make no sudden sound; For in my windy valley, yesterday I found New-born foxes squirming on the ground – Speak gently. Walk softly, March, forbear the bitter blow; Her feet within a trap, her blood upon the snow, The four little foxes saw their mother go – Walk softly. Go lightly, Spring, oh, give them no alarm; When I covered them with boughs to shelter them from harm, The thin blue foxes suckled at my arm - Go lightly. Step softly, March, with your rampant hurricane; Nuzzling one another, and whimpering with pain, The new little foxes are shivering in the rain – Step softly. Rhyme scheme Alliteration Imagery A B Speaker rhythm Personification A A

18 Analyze a poem in 3 easy steps. Just remember to P.E.E.! P.E.E. stands for: Point Evidence Explanation

19 The PoemThe Activity At your table, interpret Oranges by Gary Soto. Read the poem silently to yourself. 2. What is this poem about? 3. Does the poem focus on the actions of a character? 4. Does the poem describe something? 5. Does the poem focus on an idea? A feeling? 6.What emotional response does the poem seem to call up in you? 7.After your first emotional response to the poem, on what does the poem cause you to reflect? 8. What poetic devices do you see in this poem? Use the chart to help you.

20 What is the topic of the first line? The first sentence must make it clear what the paragraph will be about. oranges For example: At the beginning of Oranges, the speaker explains that he has a vivid memory about the first time he walked with a girl: he was 12 years old, it was very cold and he had two oranges in his pocket. The poet uses imagery to create these pictures in the readers heads.

21 What words or phrases or events prove or illustrate your point? The next sentence should give evidence from the text. It must relate directly to your point! Frost yellow For example: This was a clear memory as he creates clear images such as, December. Frost cracking beneath my steps, my breath before me, then gone, as I walked toward her house, the one whose porch light burned yellow night and day.

22 What does the author want the reader to think or feel by using those words? Explain how the evidence illustrates or proves your point. For example: The use bright colors such as orange and yellow against the background of a winter landscape appeals to our sense of sight, creating a very clear image of how cold it actually is. In addition, the speaker describes his breath before him, meaning when he breathes he can see his breath. All these images create a clear picture that is was a cold day this boy walked with a girl.

23 At the beginning of Oranges, the speaker explains that he has a vivid memory about the first time he walked with a girl: he was 12 years old, it was very cold and he had two oranges in his pocket. The poet uses imagery to create these pictures in the readers heads.This was a clear memory as he creates clear images such as, December. Frost cracking beneath my steps, my breath before me, then gone, as I walked toward her house, the one whose porch light burned yellow night and day. The use bright colors such as orange and yellow against the background of a winter landscape appeals to our sense of sight, creating a contrast which in turn shows a very clear image of how cold it actually is. In addition, the speaker describes his breath before him, meaning when he breathes he can see his breath. All these images create a clear picture that is was a cold day this boy walked with a girl.

24 The first P.E.E. paragraph used Oranges. Lets look at Four Little Foxes!

25 In the poem Four Little Foxes, Lew Sarett uses alliteration and personification to encourage Spring to take care with the newborn foxes: Speak gently, Spring, and make no sudden sound. Sarett uses alliteration by repeating the s sound at the beginning of four words. The repetition of this sound imitates how he or she would like Spring to speak. This example also shows personification; Sarett recreates the gentle manner of speaking to encourage Spring to speak gently. This helps the reader understand how fragile newborn foxes are and how vulnerable they are in the winter months.

26 At your tables, use the P.E.E. paragraph format to write one paragraph about Oranges or Four Little Foxes. In your paragraphs: Identify the poetic devices and define them. Give examples of that device being used in the poem. Explain why Gary Soto used that device in the poem.


Download ppt "How to Interpret a Poem. music art Artists use color and line to create a beautiful painting. Musicians use rhythm and sound to capture a mood or convey."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google