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Prehistoric Archaeology in Wyoming. Chronology of Prehistoric Archaeology in Wyoming Paleo-Indian (12,000 to 8000 Years B.P.) Early Archaic (8000 to 5000.

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Presentation on theme: "Prehistoric Archaeology in Wyoming. Chronology of Prehistoric Archaeology in Wyoming Paleo-Indian (12,000 to 8000 Years B.P.) Early Archaic (8000 to 5000."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prehistoric Archaeology in Wyoming

2 Chronology of Prehistoric Archaeology in Wyoming Paleo-Indian (12,000 to 8000 Years B.P.) Early Archaic (8000 to 5000 Years B.P.) Middle Archaic (5000 to 2000 Years B.P.) Late Archaic (2000 to 250 Years B.P.) Historic Period

3 Paleo-Indian Period cooler and wetter climate multiple lakes and large marshes retreating glaciers massive flood events ice-free corridor coastal route

4 Paleo-Indian Period Large projectile points Clovis Folsom Agate Angostura Alberta Eden Scottsbluff Basin

5 Archaic ( Years Before Present) Warmer and drier Extinction of Pleistocene Mega-Fauna Atlatl and arrow points Greater reliance on plants More diverse artifact assemblage and features –Gaming pieces, ceramics, adornment shells –Quarries and lithic work shops –Village sites, house pits, wickiups –Rock art Anadromous fish (weirs, hooks, net weights) Burials much more common

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8 Mummy cave - stratigraphy

9 House pit

10 Lithic scatter

11 Site location

12 Plains Culture

13 Paleo – E. archaic Wyoming Plains Cultural Area Large permanent village sites Seasonal camps for hunting and gathering River settlements Bison-centric Complex fishing technology Canoes

14 Wyoming Tribes- Traditional Lands

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16 Federally Recognized Tribes Wyoming Specific Northern Arapaho Eastern Shoshone Traditional Lands Shoshone-Bannock Northern Ute Crow Cheyenne

17 Plains Cultural Area Arapaho Cheyenne Crow Algonquian and Siouan language group Mobile hunter and gatherers Small summer campsites (family units) Large winter encampments Resource areas Bison Acorns and berries Mountain game & fish Lithics

18 Lithic scatter

19 Great Basin Cultural Area Northern Ute Eastern Shoshone Mobile hunter and gatherers Small summer campsites (family units) Large winter encampments Resource areas Rabbit Bison Mountain game & fish Lithics

20 Historic Period Contact with Europeans and their cultural materials Horse Firearms Steel European Diseases Written History/ Ethnographers Lewis and Clark Early Fur Trade

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24 Lithic scatter

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26 Devils Tower Arapaho Cheyenne Crow Kiowa Lakota

27 Rock Art Pictographs Petroglyphs

28 Rock Art – Shield

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30 Natural Features of Cultural or Religious Significance

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