Presentation on theme: "Petra Janoušková Gymnázium Velké Meziříčí Registrační číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0948 Jazyk: anglický Datum vytvoření:7. 2. 2013 Cílová skupina:"— Presentation transcript:
Petra Janoušková Gymnázium Velké Meziříčí Registrační číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0948 Jazyk: anglický Datum vytvoření:7. 2. 2013 Cílová skupina: studenti vyššího gymnázia, 16–18 let Druh učebního materiálu: studijní materiál + pracovní list Očekávaný výstup: student bude znát základní fakta o Novém Zélandu Anotace:materiál slouží jako příprava k základní úrovni maturitní zkoušky
BASIC FACTS AND PICTURES New Zealand New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses ‒ that of the North and South Islands ‒ and numerous smaller islands. Neighboring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Australia.
Basic Facts Capital:WellingtonLargest city: Auckland National language: English Demonym: New Zealander, Kiwi Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Monarch: Elizabeth II Prime Minister: John Key Governor-General: Sir Jerry Mateparae Legislature: Parliament - Unicameral Population : 4 500 000 (2013 estimate)
Geography and political system New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils The Queen's Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau, the Cook Islands and Niue New Zealand is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Commonwealth of Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the United Nations (UN)..
History The history of New Zealand dates back at least 700 years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture. The first European explorer on New Zealand was Abel Janszoon Tasman in 1642. Captain James Cook, who reached New Zealand in 1769 on the first of his three voyages. He was the first European explorer to map New Zealand. From the late 18th century, the country was regularly visited by explorers and other sailors, missionaries, traders and adventurers. In 1840 the Treaty of Waitangi was signed between the British Crown and various Māori chiefs, bringing New Zealand into the British Empire and giving Māori equal rights with British citizens. Foreign policy involved support for Britain in the world wars, and close relations after 1940 with the United States and Australia. Foreign policy after 1980 became more independent especially in pushing for a nuclear-free region.