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Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr www.innenministerium.bayern.de Disaster Control in Bavaria – Flood disaster 2013; Flood risk.

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Presentation on theme: "Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr www.innenministerium.bayern.de Disaster Control in Bavaria – Flood disaster 2013; Flood risk."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Disaster Control in Bavaria – Flood disaster 2013; Flood risk management plans ENCORE-Workshop on 27 March 2015 in Augsburg Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport

2 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Federal Republic of Germany  16 federal states („Länder“)  Principles of devolution and subsidiarity  Legislative power for disaster management is assigned to the federal states. Bavarian Act on Disaster Control = Bayerisches Katastrophenschutzgesetz (BayKSG) vom 24. Juli 1996 Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 2

3 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Bavarian Administrative Organisation 7 Administrative Districts / Regions (Regierungsbezirke) 96 County authorities (Kreisverwaltungbehörden) 2,056 Municipalities (Gemeinden) Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 3

4 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Disaster Control Authorities in Bavaria The Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport District government of Swabia (Regierung von Schwaben) District government of Lower Franconia (Regierung von Unterfranken) District government of Upper Bavaria (Regierung von Oberbayern) District government of Lower Bavaria (Regierung von Niederbayern) District government of Upper Palatinate (Regierung der Oberpfalz) District government of Upper Franconia (Regierung von Oberfranken) District government of Middle Franconia (Regierung von Mittelfranken) county authorities Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 4

5 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr “Manpower” for disaster response Approximately 470,000 forces, thereof approx. 450,000 volunteers  about 330,000 fire-fighters  about 115,000 members of voluntary relief organisations (BRK, MHD, JUH, ASB, DLRG)  about 15,000 members of the Federal Agency for Technical Relief And on-demand Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) and Federal Police (Bundespolizei) Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 5

6 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Declarations of a disaster situation since 1993 Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 6

7 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Flood disaster in 2013 Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 7  21 declarations of a disaster situation (by the county authorities) The main disaster areas were in Upper Bavaria (mainly Rosenheim), Lower Bavaria (mainly Deggendorf, Passau) and Upper Palatinate in the wider area of Regensburg  Evacuation of about 13,600 persons  Strong need for regional / transregional disaster relief within Bavaria

8 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Flood disaster in 2013  Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 8  Strong requirement for special equipement (helicopter, digger, all- terrain vehicles, powerful pumps etc.)  The Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport could fulfill all the requests for forces and special equipement of the Bavarian districts  In the “hot phase” of the flood there were up to 20,000 forces per day in action.  During the whole flood there were about 100,000 forces deployed throughout Bavaria

9 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Flood disaster in 2013 Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 9 Experiences, among others:  The provision of special task forces for transregional, nationwide and cross-border disaster relief (210 units built by Fire Brigades and 21 units built by voluntary relief organisations) proved its worth.  The established software system „EPSweb“ (EinsatzProtokollSystem – web) providing information for other involved authorities, the distribution of reports/ requests/ orders and the documentation of operations eased the disaster management and communication  The Bavarian strategic reserve of sandbags (11 centres of distribution throughout Bavaria) proved its worth.  Amazing help of (non-trained) volunteers (e.g. students).  Excellent cooperation with the water resources authorities  Implementation of special disaster control plan „Flood“ and local alarm and action plan in the framework of the implementation of the EU Floods Directive

10 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Special Fire Brigade task forces Different kinds of special Fire Brigade task forces for the transregional, nationwide and cross-border disaster relief:  Task force standard  Task force flood – sandbag (32 in Bavaria)  Task force flood – pumping (31 in Bavaria)  Storm (loss) – motor saw  Storm (loss) – roof safety  CBRN defence  Usually one task force = unit of 110 persons and their technical equipment Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 10

11 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Strategic reserve of sandbags  Jointly financed by the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport and the Bavarian Ministry of Environment and Consumer Protection  11 centres of distribution throughout Bavaria with about 2,100,000 sandbags in all, built up and provided by the water resources authorities  In the case of emergency the requests of sandbags and their distribution are operated centrally by the Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport as supreme disaster control authority Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 11

12 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Flood risk management plans and disaster control plans  In the framework of the implementation of the EU “Floods” Directive in Bavaria a uniform catalogue of measures was created.  Especially two measures of this catalogue concern and challenge the disaster management:  Creation of local alarm and action plans by the municipalities.  Creation of special disaster control plans flood by the lower disaster control authorities. Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 12

13 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Challenges to the implementation of the measures  First actions in general taken by the local security authorities (municipalities) and not by disaster control authorities  base of every disaster control planning is the analysis of hazards and risks  Flood risk assessment needs enough data material to be analyzed  Flood hazard maps and the flood risk maps, which had to be built up till 2013 in the context of the EU-Floods-Directive and persons with local knowledge Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 13

14 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr The local alarm and action plan - proceeding 1.Analysis of the flood hazard and risks and identification of the geographical areas and the objects or infrastructures which are likely to be affected by floods inside the municipality. 2.Risk assessment and scenarios, planning assumptions. 3.Identification and definition of measures to ensure rapid response and resources mobilization. 4.Specification of the defined measures and translation of them into alarm and deployment commands. 5.The summary of these alarm and deployment commands forms the local alarm and action plan. Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 14

15 Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr Special disaster control plan flood  Includes all local alarm and action plans in the administrative area of the respective disaster control authority.  The aim is to manage and coordinate the local plans in order to ensure a rapid, consistent and coordinated response to the threat of floods. Eva Mayer, Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Transport 15


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